By Brian Lada AccuWeather meteorologist and writer
26th December 2018, 8:37:23 AM EST
The New Year will bring with it several notable astronomical events that will be visible to many in the United States, including a rare sky-line that has won up to It will not happen again in the 2030s.
In addition to these major events, 2019 will also feature three supermoons, a blue moon, multiple meteor showers, and dozens of rocket launches from Cape Canaveral, Florida.
Here are the Top Five Astronomical Events of 2019 to be displayed on your calendar:
Jan 20-21: Super Blood Moon Eclipse Red-hot over the United States
The Most Viewed Astronomy Event of the Year will be held in mid-January when the moon turns red during a total lunar eclipse.
This will be the one-and-a-half moon eclipse of the year, and will be visible in the early hours of North America and South America, as well as parts of Europe and Africa3January
When the moon passes through the Earth's shadow, it gradually becomes rusty red to dark red and is nicknamed "blood moon".
A rarity The celestial occurrence as the "Super Blue Blood Moon" can be seen at Santa Monica Beach in Santa Monica, Calf., Wednesday, January 31, 2018. (AP Photo / Ringo HW Chiu)
The entire eclipse, including the subphases, lasts between 21:36 EST and 14:48 EST. However, the total phase in which the moon appears red takes just over an hour between 11:41 am. EST and 12:43 EST.
This will be the last total lunar eclipse visible in the world until May 26, 2021.
6.-7. May: Halley's Comet Launches Meteor Shower by Eta Aquarids
One of the best meteor showers of 2019 will peak this spring as the Eta Aquarids thrill audiences around the globe.
"Every spring, when the earth passes through the wreckage of Halley's Comet (1P / Halley) Cosmic bits burn in our atmosphere and lead to the annual Eta Aquarid meteor shower," NASA said.
This meteor shower favors the southern hemisphere at up to 60 meteors per hour, but those in the northern hemisphere still see 30 meteors per hour at their peak.
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While other meteor showers, like the December Geminids, bring much more meteors per hour, this year's Eta Aquarids will be one of the few showers to fall during the new moon.
Meteor showers are best for a new moon because of the low amount of natural light pollution. This makes it easier to see darker meteors that would not be visible at full moon.
"Eta Aquarid meteors are known for their speed. These meteorites are fast – they travel at 66 km / s into the earth's atmosphere. Fast meteors can leave glowing "trains" (glowing debris after the meteorite) that take several seconds to minutes, "NASA said.
July 2nd: The Total Solar Eclipse Darkens the Sky over South America  The first total solar eclipse since the Great American Eclipse of 2017 will take place this July, and the day will be part of the night in South America.
Most of the solar eclipse will take place over the Pacific's unoccupied waters, but it will be visible in part of Chile and Argentina.
In this small area, the Path of the Whole, the Moon will completely block the Sun.The rest of South America may expect a partial eclipse.
A Total Solar Eclipse blocked the Sun in Tennessee on August 21, 2017. (AccuWeather Photo / Brian Lada)
The Next The Total Son eclipse will take place on December 14, 2020, but will also be visible in parts of Chile and Argentina.
Aug. 12-13: Perseids impress summer stargazer
Each year, stargazers mark the Perseid meteor shower on their calendars, which this year on the night of August 12 in the early morning of the 13th August reached its peak. [19659006"DuetoitshighrateandduetoitshighsummerratetheNASAA
Perseids falls just before the full moon, but meteorites associated with the Perseids are usually brighter than meteorites from other meteor showers Almost full moon can still see a lot of shooting stars.
"You do not need special equipment to see the Perseids – just your eyes (note that telescopes or binoculars are not recommended)," NASA said.
November 11: Tracking Mercury over the Face of the Sun
A rare pla The Network Vote will take place on November 11 and will be visible in much of the world, but only for those who which have the appropriate equipment.
Mercury is usually a hard-to-find planet because of its proximity to the Sun, but in November it will pass directly between the Earth and the Sun, appearing as a small black dot on the Sun's surface.
This event, called Transit, is not common. Most recently, on May 9, 2016, a passage of mercury took place, which was only repeated on November 13, 2032.
This composite image from observations by NASA and ESA's Solar and Heliospheric Observatory shows the way of Mercury during its transit in November 2006. (Sun and Heliospheric Observatory / NASA / ESA via AP)  It is extremely important that people use a sunscreen to look at the sun to see this transit, as a view of the sun without proper protection can cause permanent eye damage. 19659006] People with sun filter lenses left over from the Great American Eclipse in 2017 can use them to see this rare event, but only if they have not been damaged.
"If the filters are not scratched, dotted or torn, you can reuse them indefinitely. For some spectacles / spectators, warnings are displayed indicating that you are not looking through for more than 3 minutes and that you should discard them if they are over three years old. Such alerts are outdated and do not apply to Eclipse viewers that conform to the 2015 ISO 12312-2 standard, "NASA said.
Anyone who does not have solar filter glasses can order them online from a list of reputable vendors. Order them weeks or months in advance as they may be difficult to buy as the event gets closer.
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