At every corner of the hospital there are prominent hand basins, disinfectant stations and reminders for regular washing. And while health care providers are trained to clean up, a new study reveals that patients may overlook this responsibility.
University of Michigan researchers examined 399 hospital patients and found that 14% of them had "superbug" antibiotics. resistant bacteria on the hands or nostrils at the beginning of hospitalization. They also tested objects commonly used by patients, e.g. For example, the nurse call button. Almost a third of these objects were also positive for such bacteria.
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Of those who had no multidrug-resistant organisms on their hands and nasal cavities at the beginning, another 6% survived later with the Superbug.
The researchers also report that six patients in their study actually had a Superbug-Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infection ̵
Thanks to overuse of antibiotics and disinfectants, all three groups of bacteria have defied traditional treatment methods.
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"The hand hygiene narrative focused primarily on doctors, nurses, and other front-line personnel, and all guidelines and performance measurements rightly focused on it . " says Lona Mody, epidemiologist and patient safety researcher who led the study, which occurs in clinical infectious diseases. "Our findings, however, argue for addressing the transmission of MDROs in a way that includes patients."
A similar study presented at the European Congress on Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases (ECCMID) this month found alarming Especially those working in the intensive care unit did not wash their hands reliably.
The researchers recorded 3,246 hours of hospital traffic in 18 ICUs across the country to monitor when and how healthcare providers changed from "dirty" to "clean". Patient care tasks – and all the gaps between tasks where hand washing could or should be used.
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When you switch from a dirty task, such as handling patient body fluids, to a clean task, and only 43% of the time, if you're from cleaner to clean switch dirty tasks. In addition, the staff had moved from a dirty to a cleaner task when gloves were worn, while hand washing was less common.
"Infection prevention is an issue for everyone," says Mody, remembering who works inside and outside the clinic. "Hospital setting for" often involves using good techniques – especially before and after preparing food, before eating, after eating Toilet walk and before and after caring for a sick person – to protect themselves and others. "
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