A super-telescope performed the first direct observation of an exoplanet using optical interferometry. This method revealed a complex exoplanetary atmosphere with iron clouds and silicates swirling in a planetary storm. The technique offers unique opportunities to characterize many of the exoplanets known today.
This is an artist's view of the Kepler 1
This image shows an artist's impression of the surface of Barnard's Star b, a cold super-Earth orbiting the Barnard star 6 light-years away.
This artist's illustration shows the newly discovered exoplanet K2-288Bb, 226 light-years away and half the size of Neptune. It orbits the weaker member of a pair of cool M-type stars every 31.3 days.
This is the impression of an artist from the exoplanet HAT-P-11b. The planet has an extended helium atmosphere that is blown away from the star, an orange dwarf star that is smaller but more active than our sun.
An artistic representation of the super-earth It might look like the orange star HD 26965 (also known as 40 Eridani A). The recently discovered exoplanet is compared to the fictional planet Vulcan, as Gene Tredenberry, the Star Trek creator, the star was the ideal candidate for the inclusion of Vulcan, the home of Mr. Spock.
The TRAPPIST 1 star, an ultra-cool dwarf, has seven earth-sized planets orbiting it.
For the first time, eight planets were found orbiting another star with our solar system for the most famous planets around a star. The Kepler 90 system is located in the constellation Draco, more than 2,500 light-years from Earth.
The illustration by this artist shows the exoplanet Ross 128 b with its red dwarf star in the background. The planet is only 11 light-years away from our solar system. It is now the second closest temperate planet that can be discovered after Proxima B.
WASP-121b, 880 light-years away, is considered a hot Jupiter-like planet. It has a larger mass and a larger radius than Jupiter, making it "puffier". If WASP-121b were closer to its host star, it would be torn apart by the star's gravity.
NASA's Kepler Space Telescope team has identified 219 other planetary candidates, 10 of which are near-Earth and in the habitable zone of their stars.
Welcome to the KELT-9 system. The host star is a hot, fast-rotating type A star that is about 2.5 times more massive and almost twice as hot as our sun. The hot star radiates massive amounts of radiation from its nearby planet KELT-9b, resulting in a daylight temperature of 7800 degrees Fahrenheit, hotter than most stars and only 2000 degrees cooler than the Sun.
The concept of this artist shows OGLE-2016-BLG-1195Lb, a planet orbiting an incredibly faint star, 13,000 light years away from us. It is an "iceball" planet with temperatures that reach minus 400 degrees Fahrenheit.
LHS 1140b is located in the liquid water zone surrounding its host star, a small, faint red star named LHS 1140. The planet weighs about 6.6 times the mass of Earth and Earth will face LHS 1140 pass show. Blue represents the atmosphere that the planet may have retained.
Concept image of an artist from the surface of the exoplanet TRAPPIST-1f. Of the seven exoplanets circling the ultra-cool dwarf star TRAPPIST-1, it could be best suited for life. It is a similar size to the Earth, a bit cooler than Earth's temperature, and is located in the habitable zone of the star, meaning that liquid water (and even oceans) could be on the surface. The proximity of the star gives the sky a salmon tone, and the other planets are so close that they appear in the sky, much like our moon.
Artistic conception of the binary system discovered with three giant planets in which one star hosts two planets and the other the third. The system represents the binary binary sign in which both stars host planets that have ever been observed.
The impression of this artist shows the planet Proxima orbiting the red dwarf star Proxima Centauri. the next star of our solar system.
The impression of this artist shows a view of the surface of the planet Proxima B.
The image of an artist shows the size of the earth Exoplanets TRAPPIST-1b and 1c in a rare double transit event as they pass in front of their ultra-red red dwarf star that allowed Hubble to see their atmospheres.
In a recent discovery of 104 exoplanets, astronomers found four similar in size to the Earth orbiting a dwarf star. Two of them have the potential to support life. The vehicle shown in this illustration is the NASA Kepler Space Telescope, which has been used to detect thousands of exoplanets.
The impression of this artist shows a view of the three-star system HD 131399 from the vicinity of the giant planet orbiting in the system. About 320 light-years from Earth, the planet is about 16 million years old, making it one of the youngest exoplanets discovered so far.
An artistic impression of the planet Kepler-1647b, which is almost identical in size and mass to Jupiter. It is expected that the planet looks about the same. But it is much warmer: Kepler-1647b is in the habitable zone.
HD-106906b is a gaseous planet that is 11 times more massive than Jupiter. It is assumed that the planet has formed in the center of its solar system before it is flown by a violent gravitational event to the edges of the region.
Kepler-10b moves more than 20 times closer to its star than Mercury of our own Sun. Daytime temperatures are over 1,300 degrees Celsius (2,500 degrees Fahrenheit), which is hotter than the lava flows on Earth.
This Jupiter-like planet in the HD-188753 system, 149 light-years from Earth, has three suns. The main star is similar in mass to our own sun. The system was compared to the home planet Tatooine of Luke Skywalker in "Star Wars".
Kepler-421b is a Uranus-sized transit exoplanet with the longest known year since it orbits its star once every 704 days. The planet orbits an orange K-star that is cooler and weaker than our Sun and is located about 1,000 light-years from Earth in the constellation of Lyra.
Astronomers discovered two planets that were less than three times the size of the Earth and sun-like stars in a crowded star cluster about 3,000 light-years from Earth in the constellation Cygnus] Strange and wonderful planets beyond our solar system
The conception of this artist shows a hypothetical planet with two moons orbiting in the habitable zone of a red dwarf star. The majority of the Sun's nearest neighbors are red dwarfs.
The Kepler-186f was the first confirmed Earth-sized planet orbiting a distant star in the habitable zone. This zone is a distance from a star where liquid water could accumulate on the planet's surface.
Kepler-69c is a planet of super-earth size similar to Venus. The planet is located in the habitable zone of a star like our Sun, about 2700 light-years from Earth in the constellation Cygnus.
The Kepler-444 system formed during the Milky Way was just 2 billion years old. The densely packed system houses five planets of different sizes. The smallest is comparable to the size of Mercury and the largest is with Venus orbiting its Sun in less than 10 days.
This artistic concept image compares the left Earth with Kepler-452b, which is about 60% larger. Both planets orbit a G2 star at about the same temperature; The star hosting Kepler-452b, however, is 6 billion years old – 1.5 billion years older than our Sun.