Home / US / Supreme Court cases: Here are the 8 cases that judges have yet to rule on

Supreme Court cases: Here are the 8 cases that judges have yet to rule on

While the court has issued opinions in dozens of cases, including several important ones dealing with LGBTQ rights, abortion, and immigration last month, in which Judge John Roberts espoused the four liberals, some closely watched have yet to be released become.

Trump’s financial documents

At the beginning of May, the court over two hours by phone investigated two important cases that determine whether the House of Representatives and a New York prosecutor could subpoena Trump’s accounting firm and banks over his financial documents.

The judges focused on Trump’s efforts to protect his documents, but they also prompted the attorneys to look into the future and assess how an eventual decision will affect the separation of powers and general immunity claims of the White House.

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Trump’s lawyers argued that the House’s subpoenas were “unprecedented in all respects,” and demanded a New York prosecutor “temporary immunity from the president” against a president’s subpoena for the president’s tax records.

The release of Trump’s pre-election financial documents could be another bomb for the president in an already dramatic year.

Disputes in the electoral college

Two disputes before the court are about whether states can oblige presidential elections to vote for the winner of a state’s referendum – a potentially delicate issue if the race is tight.

In 2016, 10 of the 538 presidential voters went rogue and tried to vote for someone other than their promised candidate. Several of the rogue voters in Washington were fined $ 1,000, while one in Colorado was removed and replaced with a replacement that voted for Hillary Clinton. This former voter eventually sued and won when an appeals court ruled that the state has the power to appoint voters, but does not extend to the power to remove them.

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A total of 32 states and the District of Columbia have laws designed to discourage so-called unfaithful voters. Until 2016, however, no state had punished or removed a voter for his vote.

Obamacare contraceptive mandate

The dispute – the most recent regarding the Affordable Care Act, which is due to be tried before the judges – leads supporters of the law’s contraceptive requirement that birth control be covered as a free-of-charge prevention service against those who said it violate their religious affiliation and moral beliefs.

The law provides for some exemptions for churches and other religious entities, but after Trump took office, the government moved in 2017 to allow exemptions for more employers. Under the religious exemption, any private employer, including listed companies, could be granted exceptions based on “sincere religious beliefs”.

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A second rule extended the same provision to organizations and small businesses that have objections “based on a moral belief that is not based on a particular religious belief.”

The Trump administration and the Little Sisters of the Poor, a Roman Catholic religious community for women, urged the judges to overturn a lower court order that blocked the rules nationwide.

Religious labor disputes

Seven years ago, the court first recognized a “ministerial exception” and found that after the First Amendment, the government could not intervene in a church’s hiring decisions. The judges considered that in this case the teacher could be considered a “minister” by law, which triggered the exception.

The judges discussed the scope of this decision in May and whether teachers – who say they have limited religious duties – are prevented from taking legal action.

The case highlights the tension between advocates of religious freedom and church autonomy and those who argue that workers should be protected by federal anti-discrimination laws and employers who could take revenge for reporting misconduct.

Robocalls and the limits of sovereignty

A case regarding a federal ban on robocalls has been closely observed in political circles, as this may affect political advertising and there is the possibility of opening the locks for robocalls so that they can access mobile phones.
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Contests of a derogation in the ban argue that the provision could be viewed as a “content-based restriction” that refers to a law that applies differently depending on the content of a particular type of speech. The first amendment prohibits the government from “restricting”[ing] Expression based on its message, ideas, subject or content. ”

For the general public, the case can best be remembered for flushing the toilet, which was recorded with live audio during the long-distance oral calls.
And in a case that affects the boundaries of tribal sovereignty and is a reservation under the law, the Supreme Court will rule whether the eastern part of Oklahoma qualifies as an Indian reservation in which suspects must be brought to justice by the federal government.

The court heard a similar challenge to the territorial borders of eastern Oklahoma in the past tenure, but was unable to make a final decision after Judge Neil Gorsuch retired.

Retirement clock

Towards the end of the term, the conservative judges Clarence Thomas and Samuel Alito are also in sight, both of whom could announce their resignation before the elections.

While no judiciary has given public evidence that he is ready to step aside, the prospect of a vacancy has encouraged conservatives to install a younger judicial system as a replacement.

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Although Senate majority leader Mitch McConnell is known to have prevented President Barack Obama’s candidate from receiving a hearing or vote in 2016, he has announced that a Trump candidate will take action.

Ariane de Vogue, Jamie Ehrlich and Kevin Liptak from CNN contributed to this report.

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