It is known that one should not drink too much sugary drinks such as cola and lemonade. However, pure fruit juices also present health risks. According to a new study, their consumption increases the risk of premature death as well as drinks containing industrial sugar.
Even the daily consumption of 0.35 liter of sugary drinks – including fruit juices – increases the risk of mortality, as shown by the study of researchers at Emory University, Atlanta and the US. University of Alabama revealed: 11%. Another 0.35 liter increases the risk of up to 24%. The researchers therefore recommend not to consume fruit juice. The researchers published their results in the English journal "Jama Network Open".
Data from 1
3,440 people evaluated – many obese
Researchers evaluated data collected from 13,440 adults (including 60% male) aged 45 years. Consumption habits regularly documented in questionnaires for at least six years. It should be noted that about 70% of them were overweight or obese, but did not suffer from heart disease or diabetes. In a follow-up period, 1000 deaths of all types and 168 deaths due to coronary artery disease were documented
. Other factors play a role
The risk of premature death is a purely statistical value. Exact covers can not be made. The authors also draw attention to the fact that other factors play a role and require further investigation.
Sugary drinks promote obesity
It was already known that sugary drinks favored obesity and the resulting diseases, whether drinks were natural fructose or not. sugar or water.
Fructose increases blood lipid levels – glucose promotes diabetes
Unlike glucose, for example, the metabolism of fructose is almost exclusively hepatic. As a result, fructose negatively affects blood lipid levels, markers of inflammation and blood pressure, while high glucose consumption is associated with insulin resistance (resulting in cardiovascular disease) and diabetes. Regardless of the weight status, as the researchers explain. In addition, increased consumption of fructose may stimulate a hormonal response that promotes fat deposition in the center. This, in turn, is a high risk factor for cardiovascular disease. There are also indications that, in general, calories consumed in liquid form can increase the risk of obesity.
Why fruit juice is always better than lemonade
Overall, researchers consider that the consumption of fruit juice (preferably juice) on lemonade or fruit nectar ( with added sugar) is always recommended because they also contain vitamins, phytonutrients and fiber – should not that is not too much.
The American Academy of Pediatrics, for example, recommends a maximum of 0.17 liter of fruit juice per day for children ages one to six years. Children over seven years old and adults should consume an average of 0.23 liters per day at most.
Attention fructose: so much sugar contains fruit