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By Mushtaq Yusufzai, F. Brinley Bruton and Ahmed Mengli
PESHAWAR, Pakistan – The Taliban have sent their A-Team to this week's peace talks to conclude a deal To end America's longest war and tear down decades of devastating violence.
Abdul Ghani Baradar, a powerful commander and co-founder of the movement, landed in Qatar's Doha capital on Sunday, two Taliban members said, NBC News. 19659007] It is believed that Baradar had the authority to sell a pact to members of the base, who have been fighting since 2001 for the overthrow of the US-backed government in Kabul.
Baradar, the deputy leader of the Taliban, was released from prison in Pakistan last year.
Abdul Manan Omari – the younger brother of the Taliban's longtime leader, the late Mullah Omar – was also one of the negotiating teams, including high-ranking combatants, who freed him from US jail in exchange for captured US soldier Bowe Bergdahl in 2014.
The main topic among the issues that needs to be negotiated this week is a US withdrawal in return for the promise that the Taliban will not re-use the country as a launch pad for terrorist attacks. When the group ruled Afghanistan from 1996 to 2001, imposing the austere and severe version of Islamic law on the desperately poor population, it housed Osama bin Laden as he led the September 11 attacks on US envoy Donald Trump Zalmay Khalilzad negotiated an agreement and stated that the Taliban-based team had more influence than previous ones.
"Arrived in Doha to meet a more authoritarian Taliban delegation," he said ] on Monday. "This could be a significant moment."
Later he tweeted, "I just finished a working lunch with Mullah Baradar and his team … Now continue with the talks."
Trump is impatient and has ordered the Pentagon to work out various retreat plans. There are still about 14,000 US troops in the country.
Pressure from the White House has given urgency to Khalilzad's mission.
Since 2001, at least 2,300 US troops have been killed in Afghanistan, and US commanders have pointed to the conflict as a "stalemate."
The Taliban dominate more territory than the United States after the US overthrew the group after 9/11, and it is widely known that they have the upper hand after winning a number of victories over the past few years Had achieved the battlefield.  Former Taliban fighters drop their weapons during a reconciliation ceremony on February 6 in Herat, Afghanistan. Jalil Rezayee / EPA
Violence, which dates back to the 1970s, also had a profound impact on Afghanistan and the region, displacing it from millions of civilians – and the impact has remained to this day: last year was the conflict More civilians killed than ever before since the records were kept, the United Nations announced Sunday. The Taliban were behind 37 percent of the victims – more than any other group.
While the Taliban say they do not want to have a monopoly on power this time and pose no threat to other countries, their representatives have so far refused to hold official talks with the government of President Ashraf Ghani.
It is feared that the Taliban, when re-elected, will reverse human rights advances, especially those related to the status of women.
Legislator Fawzia Koofi in The Afghan Parliament said she fears that women's rights could be pushed back when the Taliban return to power.
"I do not trust these politicians," said Koofi, who had participated in talks as one of two women The Taliban in Moscow earlier this month. "I asked that there should be an international guarantee that women and civil rights are protected."
While the Government of Ghana did not participate in the Moscow talks, a delegation including militia leaders participated in past crimes against civilians and former government officials. Corruption was widespread, which alarmed some observers.
Vanda Felbab-Brown, a senior think tank at the Washington-based Brookings Institution, called the Moscow talks "a disaster."
Guardians and younger warlords, many with tremendous human rights violations, "largely neglected the rights of women, young people, and" ordinary rural people, "Felbab-Brown added.
Mushtaq Yusufzai reported from Peshawar, Ahmed Mengli from Kabul and F. Brinley Bruton of London.