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Tanzania is reluctant because of suspected Ebola cases, warns the WHO



  Employees of the South Sudan Ministry of Health pose in protective suits during an exercise organized by the World Health Organization (WHO) to prepare for Ebola.
Enlarge / Employees of the South Sudan Ministry of Health pose in protective suits During an exercise organized by the World Health Organization (WHO) to prepare for Ebola.

The United Republic of Tanzania has failed to acknowledge several reports of suspected Ebola cases in the country The World Health Organization announced in an unusual statement on Saturday.

To date, WHO has published unofficial reports of at least four cases of Ebola virus suspected cases in Tanzania, including one death, as well as one unidentified case, number of contacts quarantined at "different locations in the country" ,

Officially, the Tanzanian authorities alleged that there were no cases of Eb. However, the WHO says that Tanzanian officials were bold in exchanging information about the cases and did not say what those affected were sick with if they did not acted on Ebola.

"[T] The WHO was not informed of the date, clinical data, results of the investigations, possible contacts and possible laboratory tests performed for the differential diagnosis of these patients. This information is needed so WHO can fully assess the potential risk posed by this event, "the organization said in its statement.

Sketchy cases

The WHO received news about the situation for the first time on September 1

0 According to reports, someone living in Dar es Salaam, the largest city in Tanzania, is believed to be suffering from Ebola disease Suffer. According to the Associated Press, which saw internal WHO documents, this patient was a 34-year-old female doctor who died on 8 September after returning from Uganda, where she visited health facilities as part of a research mission. Initial reports to the WHO also indicated that an unidentified number of people who had contact with the doctor were quarantined in various unspecified locations in Tanzania.

Uganda, which borders Tanzania and the Democratic Republic of the Congo, is not affected by Ebola. However, there has been an outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and a few cases have been defected to Uganda by the affected provinces in the northeast of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The outbreak there began in August 2018 and has affected over 3,000 people and killed more than 2,000 people. It is the second largest Ebola outbreak since existence.

The WHO immediately requested information about the death of the doctor in Tanzania. The next day, September 11, the organization received an unofficial report on their surveillance system, which found that the doctor had tested positive for Ebola and had another Ebola suspect case in Mwanza, a northern port city on Lake Victoria.

Unofficial reports to The WHO suggested that the case in Mwanza was tested negative for Ebola. More reports, however, came on September 12 about another suspected case of a 27-year-old in Dar es Salaam.

Attention to detail

All The Tanzanian officials did not provide the WHO with information on any of the cases. On 16 September, the Tanzanian health authorities officially told WHO that they would not conduct further tests in WHO-sanctioned laboratories to confirm the absence of Ebola, although WHO experts strongly recommend that such tests be carried out. On the 18th, the country officially announced that it was Ebola-free.

On the very next day, September 19, WHO made another unofficial report stating that contact with the first case – the 34-year-old physician who had died – had fallen ill and been hospitalized. Nevertheless, Tanzanian officials deny the presence of Ebola and even suspicions.

"The limited official information provided by the Tanzanian authorities poses a challenge to the assessment of the risk posed by this event.

The organization noted that Tanzania has an Ebola preparedness program and response plan. However, in recent outbreak simulations experts identified "areas for improvement".

Given the health risk, the WHO conducted a risk assessment and reported the findings as follows:

Due to uncertainties surrounding the event, the absence of All official information and the fact that this was the first reported EVD The country was considered to have a very high risk of loss in the country and the suspected case was widespread in the United Republic of Tanzania. Regional risk was considered high due to potential cross-border travel and significant population movements as well as potential unknown transmission chains. The risk at the global level was rated as low.

Without further information, WHO currently advises against any travel or trade restrictions.

Tourism is a significant and expanding part of the Tanzanian economy. The country is home to a wealth of wildlife, numerous parks and nature reserves, several UNESCO World Heritage Sites and Kilamanjaro, the highest mountain in Africa.


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