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Tax hacking in Bulgaria: A whole nation was hit



"We should all be angry … The information is now freely available to everyone Many, many people in Bulgaria already have this file, and I believe it is not just in Bulgaria," Genov said Blogger and political analyst. He knows that his data has been compromised, because although he is not an IT expert, he managed to find the stolen files online.

Government databases are honeypots for hackers. They contain a wealth of information that, according to experts, can be "useful" for years to come.

"You can make your password (password) longer and more complex, but the information contained in the government will not change," said Guy Bunker, an information security specialist and Chief Technology Officer at Clearswift, a cybersecurity firm.

"Your date of birth will not change, you will not move tomorrow," he said. "Many of the information gathered yesterday is valid today and is likely to be valid for a large number of people in five, ten, twenty years."

Hacker's Paradise

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Data breaches were formerly led by highly-skilled hackers. However, there is a growing need for sophisticated and carefully planned operations to penetrate IT systems. Hacking tools and malware available on the dark internet allow amateur hackers to do tremendous damage.

A stringent data protection law that entered into force throughout the European Union last year has significantly impacted the collection and storage of personal data. It also introduced large fines for anyone who abuses data and possibly opens the door for the Bulgarian government to punish itself for the violation.
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Nonetheless, attacks on government systems are increasing, said Adam Levin, founder of CyberScout, another cybersecurity firm. "It's just a war – one we'll win if we make cybersecurity a central issue," he said.

The notion that governments need to step up their cybersecurity game is not new. Experts have been ringing alarm bells for years.

The US Department of Veterans Affairs received one of the first serious data breaches in 2006, when personal data was compromised by more than 26 million veterans and military personnel.

"And it was all:" Oh, that's terrible, we have to do things to stop it. "And here we are, 13 years later, and the data of a whole Lands were compromised, and in between there were cases where large amounts of citizen data were compromised in different countries, "Bunker said.

Out-of-date systems are often the problem. Some governments may have used private companies to manage the data they collect, before the numerous hacks and breeches turned their attention to cybersecurity.

"In many cases, our data was sent to third-party companies years ago," Levin said. "The way we looked at data management 10 years ago now seems outdated, but old data is still managed by third parties using legacy systems." Spies have stolen NSA hacking tools, find reports "class =" media__image "src =" http://cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/140519160640-lead-china-us-chinese-hackers-story- top.png "/>

If the" old dates "have not changed, they are still valuable to hackers.

The incident in Bulgaria affects Desislava Krusteva, a Bulgarian privacy and data protection lawyer to advise some of the world's largest technology companies on how to protect their customers' information.

"Such incidents should not happen It does not seem like much effort is needed, and it's probably the personal data of almost all Bulgarian citizens," said Krusteva, partner in Dimitrov, Petrov & Co., a law firm in Sofia. [19659002] The Bulgarian Commission for the Protection of Personal Data has announced that it will initiate an investigation into the hack.

A spokesman for the National Revenue Agency would not comment on whether the data was properly protected.

"As investigations are currently in progress, we were unable to give any details about the reasons for the hack," said Communications Director Rossen Bachvarov.

"Very embarrassing for the government"

A 20-year-old cyber security officer was arrested in connection with the hack by the Bulgarian police. According to the Procuratorate Sofia, the computer and software used for the attack led to the suspect.

The man was arrested and the police confiscated his equipment, including cell phones, computers and drives, the prosecutor's office said with a statement. In a conviction, he was able to spend up to eight years in prison.

  US Reports Two People in China for Hacks

"It's too early to say exactly what happened, but from a political point of view Of course, very embarrassing for the government, "said Krusteva.

The embarrassment is compounded by the fact that this was not the first time the Bulgarian government had been targeted. The country's commercial register was overthrown by an attack less than a year ago.

"For at least a year, Bulgarian society, politicians, and country officials were well aware of the serious cybersecurity issues in state infrastructure," Genov said. do not mind. "


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