The Berlin think tank Transparency International published its latest Corruption Perceptions Index, which categorises 180 countries and territories according to the corruption status of their administrative and political institutions. The report gives each country a score of 100 (least corrupt) to 0 (most corrupt).
"This year's Corruption Perceptions Index shows that the continuing failure of most countries to control corruption significantly contributes to a crisis in democracy the world," according to a companion analysis.
Launched in 1995, the Index examined expert assessments and surveys among executives in each country to measure the extent of corruption in the public sector.
Four of the five least valued countries have been exposed to violent conflicts in recent years, which Transparency International claims are linked to corruption.
RELATED: 10 of most corrupt countries, 2015
10 of most corrupt countries, 2015
Here is a review of the 3 most corrupt:
Somalia is one of the lowest index countries due to its chronic weak public institutions and instability. Regarding corruption, the country's president recently admitted that "it is undeniable that some of us have committed corruption in the government." Somalia is also exceptionally vulnerable to frequent terrorist attacks by an armed group called Al-Shabaab, with whom it allying Al Qaeda.
Another crippled country in the world – war-torn Syria suffers from persistent instability even among weak institutions. Since the outbreak of the Arab Spring in the Middle East, the Syrian ruler Bashar al-Assad – with strong support from Russia and Iran – has been controlling the Syrian civilian population and institutions at high cost. The civil war, which has been going on for almost eight years, is now at a stage where a number of foreign actors are involved in proxy battles of the world powers.
Independent and knee-deep since 2011 South Sudan, a civil war in recent years, is also experiencing considerable difficulties as it attempts to stabilize the nation. The US has contributed some $ 14 billion to supporting the peace process since 2005, but growth and progress have come to a standstill as a result of its own abuses and corruption in South Sudan.
Here are the top 20:
(View the full list and analysis .)
"If this trend continues, it would indicate a serious corruption problem."
In the United States, increasing political tensions and uncertainty have led to a four-fold decline in US rankings, which in turn means
"If this trend continues, it would point to a serious corruption problem in a country that has suffered Has taken over leadership, "said Zoe Reiter, the representative of Transparency International for the US, said in a press release.
She added that the decline "occurs at a time when the US is facing threats to its system of control and balance as well as an erosion of ethical standards at the highest level."
Reiter also noted that ruling public opinion expresses deep concern about corruption – and that "both experts and the public believe the situation is deteriorating."
In an e-mail interview, Reiter explained that "The Trump presidency has
Aarthi is the author of Yahoo Finance Follow her on Twitter @aarthiswami .
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