The US abortion rate is on long-term decline according to new data from the Guttmacher Institute on Wednesday.
Guttmacher, who supports abortion rights, notes that the total number of abortions has dropped by 7%. In 2017, it was 862,320, compared to 926,200 in 2014, when the data was last updated.
In 2017, the abortion rate – which measures how often women of childbearing age abort – dropped to 13.5 abortions per 1,000 women aged 15 to 18 years This is a continuation of the downward trend since the peak of 29, 3 in 1980.
Elizabeth Nash, Senior State Issues Manager at Guttmacher, said the decline was not due to a growing number of abortion restrictions.  "I do not think there is a clear pattern of why interest rates are falling," Nash said. "They are submerged nationwide in almost all states."
Nash said there are exceptions, especially in Texas, where laws and regulations have led to clinic closures and abortion rates have fallen as a result. In other states, such as Ohio, Nash said the data suggest that hospital restrictions and closures have led women to go to neighboring states like Michigan for the trial.
Nash notes that the US birth rate has also declined, indicating a decline in the number of pregnant women. The data also date back to 2017 – before a series of restrictive abortion bans were passed in state legislatures across the country. These bans have not yet come into force, and many have legal challenges.
Nash also points to the increased use of highly effective contraception methods such as spirals in recent years as a possible cause.
In the past, groups have stated Unlike abortion rights, it has been suggested that the decline is due to changes in attitudes toward abortion. However, according to opinion polls, US views on abortion rights are largely stable over time.
The report found a 25% increase in drug use, with nearly 4 out of 10 abortion abortions performed in 2017 of surgery.
The analysis also includes data indicating an increase in women using pills or other methods to induce abortions themselves without the assistance of a medical operator. Out of the hospital, 18% of respondents said they had treated at least one patient for an attempted self-induced abortion, compared to 12% in the last survey, Guttmacher said.