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The Amazon is burning: what you need to know news



The Amazon is shrouded in clouds of smoke, while fires burn over parts of the rainforest that endanger the so-called "lungs of the planet" and the diversity of life in which it resides.

Visible from the outside In outer space, the clouds of smoke have raised international alarm, called to action and talked a lot about who or who is responsible for the incineration.

In particular, Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro has been subjected to intense scrutiny for his controversial leadership of Brazil's largest share of the rainforest.

Al Jazeera answers some of the key questions about the crisis in the Amazon, one of Earth's greatest natural resources.

Where are the fires burning?

The fires are burning in a number of states in Brazil's section of the Amazon rainforest.

Roraima north of Amazon, Acre, Rondonia and Mato Grosso do Sul are all severely affected.

Brazilian National Institute for Space Research (INPE) more than discovered Alone since August 1

5, Brazil has recorded 9,500 new forest fires while atmospheric surveillance agencies have tracked smoke from the Amazon region thousands of miles across the Latin American Giant to the Atlantic coast and to Sao Paulo wandered and briefly in Brazil during the day The biggest city of the night on Monday.

Amazon, Brazil's largest state, declared a state of emergency on August 9, while Acre since August is in environmental alert 16 due to fires.

Also in several other countries in the Amazon this year, according to INPE data, fires increased, including Bolivia and Peru, both bordering Brazil.

Unprecedented

Yes, according to INPE data.

Between January and August of this year, the agency recorded nearly 73,000 fires in Brazil – the highest level since the beginning of INPE records in 2013 and an increase of more than 80 percent for the same period last year.

Most of them were in the Amazon.

What causes them?

Fires are a regular and natural occurrence in the Amazon during this dry season.

Environmentalists and NGOs attributed the unprecedented increase in fires to farmers setting the forest on fire to clear land for pastures and lumberjacks cutting down the forest for its wood. Critics say right-wing Bolsonaro has weakened the Brazilian environmental ministry, IBAMA, and urge that the Amazon open to more agriculture and mining has encouraged such actors and created a climate of impunity for those who make the forest illegal.

  Brazil is burning

The Amazon is the largest tropical forest in the world and covers more than five million square kilometers . [Ueslei Marcelino/Reuters]

Recent evidence seems to suggest that preliminary data show that deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon is rapidly increasing under Bolsonaro's observation.

The rate of fores According to research by the Amazon Environmental Research Institute, destruction in July rose by more than 278 percent year-on-year. Previously INPE had estimated the deforestation rate in June to be 88 percent higher than in the corresponding month of 2018.

"These statistics speak for who is in power and what he (Bolsonaro) is doing to undermine the environment protection … and open the floodgates to illegal and destructive behavior," said Christian Poirier, Brazilian program director of the non-governmental organization Amazon Watch. In the meantime, the Bolsonaro government has made a number of statements for the flames – including the growing drought and the president himself making unfounded allegations that NGOs have set fire to undermine his administration after cutting their funding.

Bolsonaro said that the Brazilian army could be used to fight the inferno.

Why does the Amazon play a role?

The Amazon is the largest tropical forest in Brazil The world spans more than five million square kilometers in nine countries: Brazil, Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, Suriname and Venezuela.

  The Amazon Rainforest Map

It acts as an enormous carbon sink that stores human carbon emissions worth an estimated 100 years and is considered crucial to slowing global warming.

" Amazon is the most significant climate stabilizer we have, producing 20 percent of the air we breathe, and it also contains 20 percent of the fresh water on the planet." [19659027] said Poirier.

Put simply, the preservation of the forest is "crucial" to both the region and the rest of the world.

But in the last half-century Alone nearly 20 percent of the forest has disappeared.

Scientists have warned that if tree loss in the Amazon exceeds a certain "threshold" of between 25 and 40 percent, deforestation could feed itself and lead to the death of the forest within a few decades.

"One of the cornerstones of climate stability on our planet is in danger and the consequences are almost too great to explore," said Poirier. " The future of our civilization depends on its integrity."

Who (and how) calls the Amazon his home?

The Amazon has been inhabited by humans for at least 11,000 years and is home to more than 30 million people – about two-thirds of them live in green-carved cities.

According to the indigenous rights group Survival International, some one million indigenous people living in the area are divided into 400 tribes.

Most live in villages, though some remain nomadic, with each tribe having their own language and culture, traditionally closely linked to the environment.

Jonathan Mazower, a spokesperson for Survival International, said the tribes are "dependent on their forests for everything and have managed and maintained them for millennia".

[But] m Everyone sees their land burned down before them – their eyes and their livelihoods, their food source, their medicines and their homes, "he added.

  Indigenous peoples of Mura- Tribes exhibit a deforested area in unmarked indigenous areas in the Amazon rainforest near Humaita, Amazonas state, Brazil, August 20, 2019.

About one million indigenous people, divided into approximately 400 tribes, live in the entire Amazon rainforest [Ueslei Marcelino/Reuters]

Poirier agreed and stated that he represents an "affront" against the "security and integrity" of their way of life.

"Indigenous peoples are at the forefront Front of this struggle – the work they do to protect the forest is so important, and their connection to the forest is so important to their cultures, "he added.

" The potential exists not only in environmental degradation, but also in environmental degradation also in cultural genocide.

In addition to the human presence in the Amazon forest, also houses 10 percent of all known Wildlife species, according to the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF), with a "new" species of animal or plant averaging

How The World Has Responded

Predominantly With A Chorus Of Concern And Conviction Of Bolsonaros Environmental Responsibility.

French President Emmanuel Macron and The Irish Prime Minister Leo Varadkar separately declared on Friday that they would veto a landmark European Union trade agreement that was reached with the South American bloc. Mercosur, unless Brazil takes action to protect the rainforest.

The Pact calls on the Latin American giant to comply with the climate deal of Paris threatened by Bolsonaro The aim is also to end the illegal deforestation, including in the Brazilian Amazon.

Macron also demanded that the fires be the focus of the G7 summit this weekend and brand the flames as "in" an international crisis. "

" Our house is on fire. Literally. The Amazon rainforest – the lung that produces 20 percent of our planet's oxygen – burns. It is an international crisis. Members of the G7 summit, let's discuss this first emergency order in two days! "Macron tweeted on Thursday.

This was confirmed by Chancellor Angela Merkel, who said the Amazon fires constituted an "acute emergency" and belonged to the agenda of the G7, although Brazil was not a member of the group.

Macron's comments were made by Bolsonaro, who described the issue as "internal affairs," saying that the French leader's proposal had created a "colonialist mentality that is out of place in the 21st century."

  Aerial view of a deforested forest Plot of the Amazon near Porto Velho, Rondon State of Ia, Brazil August 22, 2019

Alone i The last half of the century nearly 20 percent of the Amazon rainforest has disappeared [Ueslei Marcelino/Reuters]

The spit came to Norway and Germany Earlier this month, millions of dollars were raised in Amazon protection subsidies for the Amazon fund halted and Brazil accused of turning its back on the fight against deforestation A demonstrator is crying as he holds a sign saying "SOS" in Brazil during a demonstration against deforestation in the Amazon and government environmental policy Big cities are scheduled for Friday demonstrations that reflect protests that used to take place in several cities around the world.

"The outpouring of concern, sadness and anger is unprecedented – what this creates is a lasting impression on the people that the Amazon is absolutely necessary for our future and we all have a responsibility to protect it as opposed to what Bolsonaro likes to say. " Poirier said. 19659004] " But we must not fall into despair, there is no other way, we must act – we have a responsibility towards ourselves, future generations and other beings on this planet who are suffering today as a result of this chaos. "


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