Home / Science / The archaeologist says 3,000-year-old heads are from God’s face

The archaeologist says 3,000-year-old heads are from God’s face



A handful of 3000-year-old “male” clay heads unearthed in Israel could reveal the earliest representation of God’s face.

The figures were excavated next to small horse statues and represent a bearded man with a flat head, protruding facial features, ear holes for jewelry and a crown.

The controversial claim comes from Professor Yosef Garfinkel, who refers to the biblical scriptures in which God rides a horse to give weight to this theory.

However, Garfinkel’s idea was rejected by a number of archaeologists who argue that the creation of “everything in heaven above us” was forbidden at that time.

A handful of 3000 years old

A handful of 3000-year-old “male” clay heads unearthed in Israel could reveal the earliest representation of God’s face

Garfinkle, professor at the Hebrew University, bases this claim on the fact that all three figures from the 9th to the 10th centuries were found near horse statues and in places of worship.

A head was discovered a decade ago in Khirbet Qeiyafa, about 32 km from Tel Motza, where Shua Kisilevitz and Oded Lipschits discovered two more earlier this year.

After the news from Tel Motza, Garfinkle began to wonder if the heads were related. Is that a god and if so which one?

And he looked at the Book of Habakkuk and the Psalms to find the answers.

The figures were excavated next to small horse statues and represent a bearded man with a flat head, protruding facial features, ear holes for jewelry and a crown

The figures were excavated next to small horse statues and represent a bearded man with a flat head, protruding facial features, ear holes for jewelry and a crown

Garfinkle, professor at the Hebrew University, bases this claim on the fact that all three figures from the 9th to the 10th centuries were found near horse statues and in places of worship

Garfinkle, professor at the Hebrew University, bases this claim on the fact that all three figures from the 9th to the 10th centuries were found near horse statues and in places of worship

Habakkuk 3: 8 says, “Were you angry with the rivers, sir? Was your anger against the currents? Did you rage against the sea when you rode to victory with your horses and chariots? ‘

The second example he found was shown in Psalm 68: 4, which says, “Sing God, sing praise for his name; raise a song to the one who rides on the clouds. ‘

Some biblical traditions describe Yahweh as a rider in the sky or in the clouds, just like in Ugarit. However, some texts represent a new development in which he rides a horse, ”Garfinkle said in an article about the BAS library.

The other heads found in Tel Motza were pulled from a temple near Jerusalem. Due to the biblical instructions that prohibited such images, the team suggests using the area to worship a variety of different gods – not just Yahweh.

A head was discovered a decade ago in Khirbet Qeiyafa, about 32 km from Tel Motza, where Shua Kisilevitz and Oded Lipschits discovered two more earlier this year

A head was discovered a decade ago in Khirbet Qeiyafa, about 32 km from Tel Motza, where Shua Kisilevitz and Oded Lipschits discovered two more earlier this year

A head was discovered a decade ago in Khirbet Qeiyafa, about 20 miles from Tel Motza, where Shua Kisilevitz (right) and Oded Lipschits discovered two more earlier this year.

A head was discovered a decade ago in Khirbet Qeiyafa, about 20 miles from Tel Motza, where Shua Kisilevitz (right) and Oded Lipschits discovered two more earlier this year.

Kisilevitz and Oded Lipschits wrote: “Unfortunately, this article is a sheer sensationism that does justice to popular, money-generating demand by presenting an unfounded and (at best) preliminary identification that is as factual as it ignores existing professional research and studies, including avoiding references to any of the excavator publications. ‘

Garfinkel addresses that the Bible makes the prohibition of the physical representation of God very clear.

Nearby settlements actually prayed to many gods, but “the kingdom of Judah was a different story and was based on two concepts – that there is only one God and not many and that one should not make a statute, a carved picture of it,” he announced.

About 3,000 years ago there were those who worshiped Yahweh, and then there was the Canaanite Storm God.

“The Canaanites,” Garfinkel writes, “have not represented a male god on a horse.”

“Only in Iron Age texts and iconography did the horse become a divine companion.”

“So the iconographic elements of the figures correspond to the descriptions of Yahweh in the biblical tradition.”

He also argues that the ban on creating pictures of Yahweh was only passed in the 10th century when the tape heads were used.

Garfinkle has received widespread criticism for his claims, but said, “Like any discovery, some will accept and others reject.”

The controversial claim comes from Professor Yosef Garfinkel, who refers to the biblical scriptures in which God rides a horse to give weight to this theory

However, Shua Kisilevitz rejects the claim that people are prohibited from creating images of God at this time

The controversial claim comes from Professor Yosef Garfinkel (left), who refers to the biblical scriptures in which God rides a horse to give weight to this theory. Shua Kisilevitz (right), however, rejects the claim that people are prohibited from creating pictures of God at this time

Kisilevitz and Lipschits reject his claims, although they agree that the figures were used for the service – the team describes them as “human figures”.

“Although we cannot rule out that the human heads of Motza and Qeiyafa represented gods, they have no markings, symbols or attributes (such as horns, crescents, bulls) that they would find on figures and visual representations throughout the Middle East identify as divine figures. ‘

“When gods were depicted on animals, they didn’t sit on them (they don’t need transportation) – they stood on them!” They write.


Source link