A mother has exposed the "brutal reality" of raising her adoptive son after he was harmed in the womb by drinking alcohol.
Judith Knox says her 1
It is estimated that 172,000 people in Scotland could be affected by the disorder.
Ms. Knox said, however, that it took six years for her son to be properly diagnosed.
FASD is a generic term that describes the adverse physical and emotional conditions that affect people whose mother drank during pregnancy, and has introduced a new support service for parents and caregivers named FASD Hub Scotland.
It's Long According to Ms. Knox from Fife, who told BBC Scotland that she did not want to name her son or identify him on the basis of recent pictures, that was overdue.
She told BBC Scotland, "This has put a heavy strain on the family, their parents are under constant review and they only want 100% of their attention, 100% of the time.
The 51-year-old Die Alte and her ex-husband adopted her son at the age of seven months and he quickly showed a flood of worrying behaviors Judith Knox said that despite the challenging behavior of her son caused by the FASD, he remains very charming and funny
Her son was eventually diagnosed with FASD at the age of six, after doctors initially falsely thought he had an attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. But his behavior pushed his family further to their limits.
"It was difficult at the time and it's still difficult," said Ms. Knox.
"Sometimes you walk around and cover bruises, that's the brutal reality."
"He's having big problems with social interaction, he's very intense and many kids find that difficult.
"He may also become involved in risky behaviors because of his disability because of a lack of impulse control and this can lead to a road of vulnerability."
She added, "People have stopped and taken videos of me son is suffering a collapse and we are trying to protect ourselves.
" If we go out for the day, we must have a plan B, C, D and E.
Why is drinking so bad during pregnancy?  The NHS recommends that the safest approach for pregnant women is not to drink alcohol at all, to minimize the risk to their babies
The risks arise when alcohol reaches the placenta from the mother to the developing fetus.
The fetus can only effectively process alcohol when the liver is fully developed and high levels of alcohol make it possible to develop organs and brain.
It is believed that fetuses are at greatest risk during the first three months of pregnancy, during which organs are formed, but anyone can be harmed
These monkey FASD patients may have a number of problems, including differences in their facial features and learning and behavioral disorders.
An estimated 3.2% of UK-born babies are affected by FASD, which is nearly four times the rate of autism, but it is often undiagnosed or misunderstood by doctors and the public alike.
According to the Scottish Government, cared for or adopted children have a significantly increased risk of developing FASD. Seventy-five percent of the children admitted to adoption had alcohol exposure during pregnancy in the past.
Ms. Knox said he remained very caring despite the serious problems with her son's behavior and described him as "charming and very funny."
She added the teenager residing at a specialized support school. plays the drums and guitar when he is happiest.
Looking ahead, she said her aspirations were simple. "I hope he can set the time, handle money and protect himself and not get into a bad situation," she said.
"We can not cure FASD"
The FASD hub in Scotland will provide direct support services to people affected by FASD or living with FASD.
Ms. Knox, who will be working on the new service of Adoption UK Scotland, said it would be a blessing for people in their situation.
"No information about the condition or where I could seek help and advice," she said. "At that time I did not know any other parents or caregivers in the same position and felt very isolated and alone."
Project leader Aliy Brown added, "We can not cure FASD, but many people can live very successfully if they get the right support at the right time."
The support service has been provided by the Scottish government with £ 140,000 ,
Joe FitzPatrick, Minister of Public Health, said: "Diagnosing FASD is difficult for families, and we should not underestimate the challenges that each diagnosis brings."
"It's critical that we recognize that Recognize the needs of this group of children and adolescents and ensure that they have the right support when they need it most. "