Last year was the fourth-warmest of all time and the hottest year ever for the world's oceans.
As the planet continues to warm, experts are working to predict the specific local effects of climate change on US cities.
A new study uses a technique called Climate-Analog Mapping, which compares the expected future climate of one city to the current climate in another, to show how climate change will affect 540 urban areas in the next 60 years will affect the US and Canada for years.
The results suggest that Los Angeles will feel like the Ozarks by 2080, more like Baja, California, Tampa Bay, and today's Mexico City and New York City.
The authors have compiled their data into an interactive map tool that allows users to look up their North American city and explore what their future will look like.
According to the study, approximately 250 million people in North America – more than 75% of Americans and 50% of Canadians – are within Experienced 60 years of changes in their local climate.
Read More: We asked 11 climatologists about where they would live in the US to avoid future natural disasters – here's what they said
"We can use this technique to Turning a future forecast into the future is something we can better understand and relate to our own experiences, "said ecologist Matthew Fitzpatrick, co-author of the University of Maryland study, in a press release. "I hope people have this wow moment, and for the first time, it sinks to the extent of the changes we expect in a single generation."
Cities and Climate Change
Warmer temperatures can cause more heat waves, droughts, strong storms and coastal flooding, depending on the location of the city.
According to Fitzpatrick and his co-author Robert Dunn, an ecology professor at North Carolina State University, urban areas are particularly prone to the effects of climate change, as urban populations are constantly growing and growing together in cities and regions (United Kingdom) supports in some cases aging infrastructure.
For this reason, they have created the new interactive climate analog map – offering "less new models of the future than a means to communicate existing models" in a less abstract or distant and communicative way and personally, "the authors wrote
The numbers used are not new.The study was based on three datasets – one with average climate conditions between 1960 and 1990, another with future climate projections, and a third based on NOAA weather records that translate the variability of the climate
Of course, the extent to which changes in a given city are affected depends on how much GHG emissions continue to increase, so the interactive map of the study offers two flight paths: one in which emissions in the region are reduced 21st century and one in which they reach their peak in 2040 and then begins to sink.
According to the higher emissions scenario, Portland will feel like the warmer and drier California in 2080. Central Washington DC will have the subtropical climate of northern Mississippi and probably shorter winters and experience longer, wet summers. San Francisco will be struggling with Los Angeles's extreme heat, lack of rain and the associated lack of water.
"Our goal with this study and the app was to make people aware of the dramatic change in the global climate that we expect in the coming decades, and that reducing emissions may contribute to the magnitude of the expected Reduce climate change. " Fitzpatrick said to Business Insider.