BY MORGAN MANNS
FOR THE COURIER
The National Weather Service forecasts a one-week dose of very hot weather, starting today, with a heat index above 105 degrees in parts of northwest Ohio on Saturday.
Although heat can be a killer – of humans and animals – officials give tips to fight the heat:
The biggest health-related health problems people will experience are heat exhaustion and heat stroke, according to dr. Mark Weiner, a family doctor in Fostoria.
"The best thing is to avoid it when you can, especially for a long time," he said. "They also want to avoid being outside when it's hottest – between noon and 3 pm"
More than 600 people in the US are killed every year by extreme heat, according to the Center for Disease Control
Symptoms of Heat Stroke or the onset of heat-related illnesses are high body temperature, confusion, irritability, agitation, nausea and vomiting, reddened skin, headache, high pulse rate and drowsiness.
When these symptoms occur, Weiner said the first action is to get out of the sun. Next, heavy clothing should be removed to allow heat to escape and sweat to evaporate.
Cool off by placing ice packs or cool towels under your arms, along your neck, and on your head by taking an ice bath in cold water from a pool, hose, or other water source, he said.
When another person experiences these symptoms, he suggested helping them complete the same actions.
"If they are really confused, (if) those initial things do not help or they do not respond, then there is a real problem," Weiner said, explaining that a trip to the hospital or doctor's office had to take place.
"If they're frail or I have a heart or lung condition, that's one reason to make a quicker call to get them to the ER," he said.
"The big thing is to keep them cool and fluids in it." [1
People over the age of 65 and older respond less to temperature changes, the Ohio Department of Health states. People in this category should be included and / or reminded as often as possible in the air conditioning.
To avoid heat shock or heat stroke, you should:
• Wear loose-fitting, light colored clothing as dark colors absorb heat.
• Stay away from parked vehicles that are not running. Stay outside in the shade or in a pool of water and take breaks when you are outside and go in regularly.
• Wear a large hat with a large brim to cover face and neck, wear sunscreen for protection, and wear it again for an hour. The CDC reports that sunburn can significantly slow down the skin's ability to release excess heat.
• Drink plenty of fluid to keep up with the loss of fluid through sweating.
"You should drink at least one liter of water an hour," Weiner said. "Staying away from alcohol is important when you're outside, because that can dry you up. If you sweat actively, water or Gatorade or Powerade would be best to drink.
Do not Forget Pets
Pets can suffer the same heat-related illnesses as humans.  Officials ask pet owners to be aware of the condition of their furry companions and to take precautions to help prevent heat stroke
"The best recommendation is to have the dog in the house," said Tri-County Veterinary Clinic Dr Ashley Leopold. "When you're outside, you'll definitely find a shady spot where there's a breeze give and give them plenty of water. "
Breeds such as boobs, bulldogs, and other short-nosed, dull-faced races are more susceptible, according to Leopold, because of their anatomy – because of the shape of their noses and trachea, which make it difficult for them to breathe to breathe and breathe.
She said that limiting her strenuous activities and monitoring her pets may also help
symptoms of heat stroke in pets There are wheezing, increased thirst, light red tongue and gums, increased temperature, tumbling, seizures, and, finally, death with persistent symptoms, "says Leopold.
Severe cases in canines are seen when their temperature reaches 108 degrees.
When the temperature of a dog starts to rise, Leopold suggests cooling it with cold water – not cold or hot. She said that she had to be aware of the black tubing because the water in it could be scalded.
"I've seen dogs – and even children – who were previously burned with hose water," she said. "It's something we do not think about."
She also found that asphalt pavement can burn a dog's paws.
"If they suffer a heat stroke or burn themselves, they must be seen by a veterinarian as soon as possible," said Leopold.