The current E. coli outbreak associated with romaine lettuce is the worst outbreak of several states in more than a decade, according to health authorities. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention announced on Friday that the food poisoning outbreak has spread to three other states.
Health officials said they now have reports of 98 cases in 22 states with the addition of Mississippi, Tennessee and Wisconsin. The outbreak is attributed to E. coli bacteria in romaine lettuce in Yuma, Arizona.
According to CDC data, there has been no major outbreak in the US since 2006, compared to 238 diseases and five deaths in the US.
Like the 2006 outbreak, the CDC says the strains of bacteria behind the current outbreak tend to cause more serious diseases. Forty-six people were hospitalized, including ten with a form of kidney failure called hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS). The last illness started a week ago. No deaths were reported.
In a press conference on Friday, Matthew Wise, Ph.D., MPH, deputy head of outbreak response at CDC, said authorities expect more illnesses to be reported.
Health officials say The new information does not change the prior advice that people should not eat romaine lettuce unless they know it's not from Yuma. "When in doubt, do not buy or eat it," Wise said.
In particular, the CDC advises consumers and restaurants:
- Roma salad not to eat or buy, if you can not confirm it is not from the Yuma, Arizona, growing area
- Avoid whole heads and hearts of Romaine, chopped romaine lettuce and salads and salad mixes with romaine lettuce.
- Product labels often do not identify growing areas; So, do not eat or eat romaine lettuce if you do not know where it has grown.
- Every winter, the Yuma region provides most of the novel sold in the US
The Food and Drug Administration has Harrison Farms of Yuma, Arizona, as the breeder and sole source of the Romaine salt, which is used by several people in one Prison in Alaska sick. However, it was not determined where the contamination occurred in the supply chain.
"The Authority is exploring all possibilities, including the fact that contamination could have occurred at any point in the crop, harvest, packaging and distribution chain before it reached Alaska. region / stern / magazine / … 0 / index.html The authorities also have to identify the specific source of other diseases at the outbreak, which is why they say that it is important to avoid all romaine lettuce from the region Yuma growing region
Symptoms of E. coli include diarrhea, which can be bloody, severe stomach cramps, and vomiting.It takes an average of three to four days to consume contaminated food before the symptoms become apparent.
The disease usually disappears within one week, sometimes it may last longer and lead to serious complications.Hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) signs are fever, abdominal pain, pale skin tone , Fatigue and irritability, inexplicable bruising or bleeding from the nose and mouth, and decreased urination. These complications are more common in young children under 5 years of age, older adults, and people with weakened immune systems.
Those who have these symptoms should seek medical help immediately.