According to the CDC, the country has the worst year for measles in a quarter of a century with 704 cases reported. And New Jersey is in the middle of an outbreak.
The state has 14 confirmed cases, with suspected cases being reported in Middlesex County last week. Although New Jersey was not hit as severely as New York City and Rockland County, New York, where hundreds have been infected, experts are worried that we will not restrict the spread of the disease. How bad could it get here?
Although it is unlikely that New Jersey would see hundreds or thousands of cases at the same time, the state could see localized epidemics with "pockets of people with low vaccination coverage who get many infections." David Cennimo, an infectious disease expert at Rutgers New Jersey Medical School, said by SMS:
Failure to control measles could put a strain on the state health system and distract health workers.
Cennimo said the state already sees "Treating a measles patient is often tedious and cumbersome," he said.
"Measles are in the air, so people have to stay in special vacuum rooms ̵
Measles are so infectious that 90% of susceptible individuals exposed to an infected person become infected, according to the CDC. With persistent outbreaks, experts are worried that measles patients may be in public or at work in hospitals and possibly spread the disease to vulnerable populations, such as babies who have not yet received the vaccine, and those with weakened immune systems, such as cancer patients undergoing treatment, would also be at risk.
Medical personnel must may have protocols for dealing with patients that have vague symptoms such as exclusion Report ag or fever You may need to masks potentially infected patients in the parking lot to distract staff from other serious health problems.
"All this is cumbersome and, if the care is delayed, may be dangerous," said Cennimo. "It's difficult for an average family doctor or pediatrician to do all of this in a busy office. The measles rash is not very specific and can be confused with other viral rashes.
He added, "This can really slow down the flow in an emergency room.
Extended measles outbreaks could also erupt According to New Jersey Assemblyman Herb Conaway, D-Burlington, who is one of the sponsors of a bill aimed at eliminating a legal loophole that allows thousands of parents to use religious beliefs Reason to call for the vaccination of their children. 19659002] "We know that vaccine failure leads to huge, avoidable healthcare costs … loss of work, school attendance, hospital costs and outpatient care – all of which is huge," Conaway said. 19659003] A study looking at the state of Washington, which has been particularly hard hit by measles in recent weeks – mainly due to vaccines – has examined how expensive the management of measles outbreaks can be. [19659002JanuarythepresidentofmonthindermedicaljournalJAMAwaspublishedthat"responsetoasinglecaseoffibersupto142000USD"othermeasuresmayberequiredtopreventfurtherspreadofthedisease
The study estimates that the total cost of outbreaks in the US in 2011 was between $ 2.7 million and $ 5.3 million. This year, 220 cases of measles were reported, according to the CDC.
Although there has not been a single reason for the resurgence of measles lately, health professionals claim that the anti-vaccine movement has been a problem. and one that needs to be addressed, as the spread of misinformation and propaganda continues to influence vaccination rates. According to a World Health Organization, a vaccination coverage of 93% to 95% is required within a community to prevent measles from spreading among the population.
"If we continue to have bags of unimmunized children, we will continue to see outbreaks." Glenn Fennelly, Paediatrics Chair of Rutgers New Jersey Medical School.
The outbreak of measles in New York City has primarily affected ultra-Orthodox Jewish communities in Brooklyn, where vaccination rates tend to be lower and the vaccination rate is common. The outbreak became so bad that New York officials issued an emergency earlier this month public health and ordered mandatory vaccinations. Ocean County (as the eruption in Rockland County, New York).
"We have more and more people who decide not to vaccinate themselves or their children. and that means not only endangering yourself, but also everyone else, especially young people and those who are medically vulnerable, "Conaway told NJ Advance Media .com . Follow him on Twitter @SpencerMKent . Find NJ.com on Facebook .
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