PARIS – One of the suspects – a 28-year-old self-proclaimed "normal white man from a regular family" – posted on Twitter before the deadly shootings on two mosques in Christchurch, New Zealand 74-page manifesto.
The sprawling, angry text illuminates the inspiration for an attack that killed 49 Muslims during Friday prayers and injured dozens of others. The suspect – whom the police from Christchurch confirmed, has published the manifesto and since then charged with murder – said that a trip to France in 2017 convinced him that the country was "invaded" by "non-whites".
"The last thrust was the witness of the state of French cities and towns. For many years I have heard and read about the invasion of France by non-whites, many of these rumors and stories that I considered exaggerated, designed to promote a political narrative, "the suspect wrote.
"But as soon as I arrived in France, I found the stories not only true, but profoundly understated," he continued. An important detail is that the suspect titled his manifesto entitled "The Great Replacement," a clear reference to the title of a 2012 published book by the right-wing French polemicist Renaud Camus.
In this book Camus explains the "theory". The white majority in Europe is currently being replaced by non-white immigrants from North Africa and sub-Saharan Africa, who are many Muslims.
For years, the "big replacement" has been the battle cry of the French Right, even after the immigration of immigrants in Europe had dropped significantly after their peak in 2015. In the words of Marion Maréchal, formerly Marion Maréchal-Le Pen, the 29-year-old granddaughter of the convicted Holocaust denier Jean-Marie Le Pen, the idea is completely in line with reality.
"Today there is actually a replacement of certain parts of the territory of the so-called native French by a newly immigrated population," she said in 2015. She is widely seen as a rising star in Western Europe. Fre Political life is a favorite of the American Right ,
The term "massive immigration", which will inevitably lead to a violent cultural conflict, has spread from the fringes of public discourse in France into the political mainstream. Laurent Wauquiez, leader of France's French Conservative Party, Les Républicains, also called Camus' Idea 2017 a "reality." He has also crossed the oceans, and the "great substitute" has increasingly become a seemingly ubiquitous song terrorist attacks by white nationalists.
In Charlottesville, Virginia, in August 2017, protesters shouted, "Jews will not replace us!" (In 2018, Camus published another book entitled, "They will not replace us!") In November 2018, Pittsburgh was the shooter who had killed eleven Jews in the deadliest anti-Semitic attack in US history, apparently motivated by outrage over immigration, notably through the activities of HIAS, the Hebrew Sheltering and Immigrant Aid Society, which provides humanitarian aid to refugees, Camus, now 72 years old , was contacted by telephone on Friday morning at his apartment in southwestern France and told the Washington Post that he had condemned the violence against the Christchurch attacks and that he had always condemned similar violent attacks. When asked if he objected to how his idea of the "great substitute" was used, he said no.
"That people are becoming aware of the ethnic substitution that is working in my country?" He asked. On the contrary. "
He added that he still hopes that the desire for a" counterrevolution "against" colonization in Europe today "will grow, an indication of the rise of the non-white population." Me I hope it will get stronger, "he said, claiming that this apparent" demographic colonization "was" 20 times more important than the colonization that Europe has made in Africa, for example. "
French Muslims, however, complain about the extent to which These views are somehow tolerated in polite French society.
"Renaud Camus is portrayed as an extremist ideologue of the far right, but he is also invited to France Culture," said Yasser Louati, a Parisian Muslim community -Organizer. "He got a platform."
France Culture is one of the top-class radio programs in Europe, a French counterpart to NPR. Camus ha He also discussed the "great substitution" in "Répliques", a program anchored by Alain Finkielkraut, a prominent French intellectual.
"I'm just upset that we always pretend it's all a surprise," Louati said. "If it has actually normalized."
In France, there have been a series of attacks on Muslim civilians in recent years. In June 2018, for example, the French authorities stopped a right-wing cell in which several violent attacks were planned. Ten defendants were charged with terrorist conspiracy.
Well, it seems that fears about the "big replacement" have even reached the relatively remote location in Christchurch, New Zealand – nearly 12,000 miles from the country where the idea was born.  "I sat in the parking lot in my rental car, watching an intruder rush through the shopping center's entrance doors," the suspect wrote in his manifesto, describing a stop in a mid-sized city in eastern France. "For every Frenchman, there were twice as many intruders. I had seen enough and had raged out of town, refused to stay longer in the cursed place, and drove to the next town. "
" WHY WE DO NOT DO EVERY BODY? "The suspect writes: later in the manifesto. "WHY DO NOT I DO ANYTHING?"