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The inhabitants of Kashmir are struggling with grenade launchers and restrictions



Information left over from the region, however, tells a different story.

Officials in Srinagar, capital of India-controlled Kashmir, report mass arrests and residents say tear gas and pellet guns are being used against Kashmir citizens and movement restrictions continue. Two local officials told CNN that more than 2,000 people had been detained in Jammu and Kashmir in the days before and after the August 5 ruling, including political leaders, elected representatives, lawyers, activists, business people, and students.

Most of them were detained There is a controversial Jammu and Kashmir Public Security Law (PSA) that allows authorities to book a person for up to two years without charge or trial. It is not clear how many of the 2,000 are still imprisoned.

"The government wants us to believe that everything is normal, and despite the ongoing communication blockade, we still hear about protests, tear gas and injuries," shopkeeper Mushtaq Ahmad, 35, said, lives in suburban Srinagar. "Everything is still closed in the city and around us, and the movement is almost impossible if the restrictions exist."

  During an anti-Indian protest in Srinagar on August 23, 201[ads1]9, Muslim women from Kashmir call anti-Indian slogans.
Article 370 of the Indian Constitution gave Jammu and Kashmir the power to have their own constitution, flag and autonomy in all matters, apart from certain policies such as foreign affairs and defense.
The Indian government said the attempt to revoke the special status of the state is to ensure that the laws of the nation are the same for all citizens. The Hindu Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) of Prime Minister Narendra Modi has repeatedly insisted that the provisions restrict investment and economic growth.

And the government has announced the communication failure and restrictions of the movement in Jammu and Kashmir in advance of and then the announcement was made for security reasons. On 12 August, the state government issued a statement declaring that demonstrations against the deletion of Article 370 "in some places are minor, localized protests of a routine nature".

Since then, CNN has repeatedly taken contact with Jammu and Kashmir Administration and the Ministry of Interior of the country about the restrictions, protests and number and nature of the injuries, but received no response.

Thousands Imprisoned, Pellet Guns Injured

On August 10, Farooq Ahmad Qureshi left his home in Srinagar to buy some bread from his local bakery. Instead, he was in the middle of a demonstration.

"I started moving towards the bakery," said the 35-year-old resident of the Karfalli Mohalla area in the Old Town. "I heard a noise and the next blood seeped out of my left eye and I fell down and began to cry in pain."

The doctor told him that he had been hit by pellets in the eye. "The doctors who treated me said I had little chance of regaining my sight because three pellets severely damaged my eye," he said.

Human rights groups and local media have reported that Indian troops are firing grenade launchers at protesters.

  An Indian Kashmiri woman waits in front of a police station after her relatives were arrested on August 20, 2019 during night raids in Srinagar. [19659017EineindischeKashmiri-FrauwartetvoreinerPolizeistationnachdemihreVerwandteam20August2019währendnächtlicherRazzieninSrinagarfestgenommenwordenwarundGewaltineinerPressekonferenzam14AugustmitdenWorten"EsgabkeinegrößerenVerletzungenEsgabeinigePelletverletzungendiebehandeltundzurückgeschicktwurden"</p>
<p>  A doctor at the Eye Clinic in the Department of the hospital of Srinagar told CNN that he had treated dozens of patients Eye injuries have suffered, which were caused by pellet guns. </p>
<p>  "So far, we've treated 30 victims at the Eye Clinic of the SMSH (Shri Maharaja Hari Singh) from the 5th of August," the doctor told CNN. He spoke on the condition of anonymity because he was not authorized to speak with the media. </p>
<p>  Pellet guns are often used by Indian security forces to disperse the masses in Kashmir, and protests erupted when the local government lifted the movement restrictions. However, the extent and frequency of these protests and the number of potential victims are few and far between. </p>
<p>  Other residents say that security forces fire tear gas almost daily. </p>
<p>  "The local In the evening, when the Indian security forces start to retreat for the day, young people throw rockfalls and the security forces shoot tear gas," said Ayub, 33, who has only one name, from the village of Saraf Kadal in downtown Srinagar. "In the last 20 days this has become commonplace in my neighborhood, which sometimes leads to injuries to the demonstrators, how is that normal?" </p>
<h3>  An offer for economic growth </h3>
<div class= Kashmir is one of the most dangerous hotspots in the world. It is claimed by both India and Pakistan in its entirety and has been the epicenter of an often violent territorial struggle between its nuclear-armed neighbors for more than 70 years.

In 1947, following India's independence from British colonial rule, the former ruler of Jammu and Kashmir was given the option of joining either Pakistan or India, and in return chose the latter. However, the Indian Constitution has been extended, in accordance with Article 370, to special provisions for the protection of the rights of the inhabitants of the territory.

The revocation of the special status of Kashmir was one of Modi's promises ahead of the recent national elections, according to which the move would liberate the US "terrorism" area. Article 370 had caused "separatism, terrorism, dynastic politics and corruption".
According to the new system, non-residents in Jammu and Kashmir can acquire real estate and apply for jobs or scholarships that had previously been allocated for the residents. Experts said it could pave the way for steady demographic change in India's sole majority-Muslim state.

This has caused widespread concern among the Muslim population in the Kashmir valley.

This has now been compared to Pakistani Prime Minister Imran Khan, India revokes Jammu and the Kashmir state's far-reaching autonomy over the Nazi ideology and declares his country is ready to "run out" against Kashmir, which claims the country fight". The two countries have fought three wars since 1947, two of them for Kashmir.
Pakistan pushed for international intervention on Kashmir, but a UN Security Council meeting on the issue – the first in nearly 50 years – failed to agree on a statement in which some diplomats fear that a comment would exacerbate or create tensions Bias against Pakistan if they simply hold the meeting. Life Shut Down Rapid Action Force staff guard a roadblock before the Muslim Friday noon prayers in Jammu on August 9, 2019. "src-mini =" // cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/190809114003-01-kashmir- jammu-status-0809-small-169.jpg "src-xsmall =" // cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/190809114003-01-kashmir-jammu-status-0809-medium-plus-169.jpg "src-small =" http://cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/190809114003-01-kashmir-jammu-status-0809-large-169.jpg "src-medium =" // cdn.cnn .com / cnnnext / dam / assets / 190809114003-01-kashmir-jammu-status-0809-exlarge-169.jpg "src-large =" // cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/190809114003-01- kashmir-jammu-status-0809-super-169.jpg "src-full16x9 =" // cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/190809114003-01-kashmir-jammu-status-0809-full-169.jpg "src-mini1x1 =" // cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/190809114003-01-kashmir-jammu-status-0809-small-11.jpg "data-demand-load =" not-loaded "data -eq-pts = "mini: 0, xsmall: 221, small: 308, medium: 461, large: 781" />

The local government has stated that its actions in Kashmir regarding communication and freedom of movement in the region for public policy and peace are necessary. "Connectivity restrictions remain due to security requirements," the state government said in a statement on August 12th.

Officials repeatedly stated that the restrictions would be phased out but would not provide a final timetable that would leave the entire region in confusion. The government of Jammu and Kashmir said the restrictions in parts of the state had already been completely lifted.

Currently, only a few landline phone services have been restored in the Kashmir Valley, and there is still no mobile or Internet connection. In the city of Srinagar, there is also a strong presence of paramilitary soldiers with checkpoints every 200 meters.

The local government said they set up so-called "help lines" at the district commissioner's office, police stations and police stations. People can turn to their families.

"I have been walking from the pillar to the post office over the last 15 days to contact my parents, but without luck," said 26-year-old Najam Rous, whose parents had traveled to Saudi Arabia for the Muslim pilgrimage Hajj. Eventually, she managed to connect to her family on her neighbor's landline phone. "My parents cried and asked me first if we had something to eat at home," she said.

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Navnita Chadha Behera, political science director at Delhi University State, said the restrictions are often lifted and reintroduced just as quickly.

"(The government is just a kind of test water.) And there must be protests," said Behera.

"To expect this just because you locked the valley for X days and when you open it again, people will accept what happened, it's an unrealistic expectation," added Behera, who has several books on South Asia, including "Identity and violence: Jammu, Kashmir and Ladakh".

For example, after the schools closed for two weeks, some were reopened on Monday in Srinagar. However, a school in Uptown Srinagar remained empty and the teachers refused to comment on CNN. A few hours after the opening, the school was closed and the teachers left.

The government said middle schools would have opened last Wednesday.

Delays and bottlenecks

   Indian paramilitary soldiers guard the shops in the abandoned city on August 20, 2019 in Srinagar.

In parts of Srinagar, shops are boarded up and the streets are deserted as Indian paramilitary soldiers continue to be present. Roadblocks have also made it more difficult for the sick to reach hospitals, the locals tell CNN.

Mushtaq Ahmad spent eight hours in the city's SMSH hospital from his home in Kupwara County, northern Kashmir, during the night to allow his 8-year-old son Khurshid Ahmad to undergo eye surgery. The 120-kilometer drive usually takes only two hours and cost him a taxi ride of Rs. 4,000 ($ 56).

"Usually we pay Rs 200 ($ 2.8) to reach the capital, we are poor people, the people in my area are just as excited as elsewhere in the valley against scrapping Article 370," he said.

Rafiq Ahmad, 32, said he had to take his nephew Rahat Iman, 5, to hospital for a sore throat and high fever. Ahmad drove away from his home in Shopian, southern Kashmir, 85 kilometers away, and said, "Everything is closed on the way." There are roadblocks on the highway to Srinagar. " In the small shops in the neighborhood they can buy essentials such as bread, vegetables and rice. "Whatever we need, we still get it," said Irshad Ahmad, a resident of Uptown Srinagar.

Shauqat Ahmad, owner of a grocery store on the outskirts, said many companies rely on their supplies from the Muslim festival Eid al-Adha, which many residents could not celebrate because of the crackdown. "We had enough supplies of vital items for Eid, but since people could not buy them at this time, we hope they will last for some time," Ahmad said.

But other products are slow. "We have a shortage of 80% of medicines in our business, and there are no new deliveries due to the stoppages and restrictions," said Raees Ahmad, owner of the Friends Medicate pharmacy in Srinagar.

"We can not transfer money to out-of-state suppliers to receive supplies, and we encourage our customers to purchase medicines from other nearby medical stores."

The state government said in their official Twiiter page that major drugs are available in state-owned stores and private retail stores and most drugstores in Srinagar and 65% throughout the Kashmir Valley remain open.

Meenakshi Ganguly, South Asian director of Human Rights Watch, has called on the Indian government to uphold the rights of people living in Kashmir.

"The disruption of the Internet and telecommunications, as well as restrictions on the movement of people in Jammu and Kashmir, endangered vulnerable populations, including access to essential medical services, and under international law, India is required to ensure that such restrictions are necessary and proportionate used as an instrument of censorship under the guise of security, "she said.

Richard Roth of CNN contributed to it.


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