Experts say the shutdown is an attempt by the government to stop the flow of information and suppress the demonstrations. David Kaye, the UN Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of freedom of expression and expression, told CNN that the blackout made it "harder for people to organize, harder for people to protest".
"The impact is extraordinarily disproportionate, as it is almost impossible for people on the ground (and) with friends and relatives abroad to communicate with each other, and for whom it is impossible for people to obtain information," Kaye said.
"The Internet will soon return to the lives of the Iranian people and the government [will] will continue to develop it," said Mohammad Javad Azari Jahromi, according to Press TV. He added that some important online services had been switched to Iran's National Information Network (NIN), a central national intranet. is happening right now. Here's what you need to know. "src-mini =" // cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/1
On Tuesday, connectivity in Iran, according to Netblocks, a non-governmental organization, had dropped to just 4% of its normal level, an organization that monitors Internet governance.
"Despite attempts by the authorities to make some internal services available to a limited number of users, the shutdown will continue and the Internet as we know it is not available in Iran," said NetBlocks CEO Alp Toker CNN.
The Most Complex Shutdown
It is not the first time that Tehran has closed online access to the dissemination of information to stop. "Following the 2009 presidential election, the Iranian government recognized that the Internet is crucial for communication between people not only within the country but also outside the country," said Amir Rashidi, an Internet safety researcher and digital rights researcher at the Center for Human Rights in Cairo Iran, said CNN. The center is a nonprofit civil society organization based in New York.
"When the mass protests took place in Iran in December 2017 and January 2018, the protest was basically over once they closed Telegram because people were not connected and they could not communicate," he added.
This time, however, the shutdown looks different.
Toker described the blackout as "the most serious interruption NetBlocks has made in terms of the technical complexity and breadth of a country." According to NetBlocks, switching off itself was so complex that it took 24 hours.
Doug Madory, director of Internet analytics at Oracle, said the recent incident is unusual in its magnitude. In the past, Iran has either deliberately slowed down the Internet by throttling bandwidth or blocked individual websites such as Facebook and Twitter.
This power failure was far more advanced. "We see a variety of different actions – some networks have withdrawn their routes while others continue to announce routes, but block traffic," Madory wrote in a blog on the Oracle website.
Kaye added that although Iran has been blocking websites for many years, it has failed to exploit VPNs, private networks that allow users to bypass bans. He said the move suggests that "the concern is not only that the Iranians communicate with each other, but also that they communicate with the outside world and tell people what is happening."
Madory added that the Internet has grown larger and more complex in Iran in recent years, the basic structure remains the same: The connectivity between Iran and the rest of the world flows only through state-controlled units, which are called "bottlenecks between the Iran and the global Internet ".
These choking points suggest that the Iranian government has developed and is likely to maintain the ability to control (and in recent days block) the Internet access of its population, "he said. Iran's drastic response is ambiguous, Myanmar , China, India, Zimbabwe, Venezuela and other nations have previously blocked the Internet.
"There is a kind of epidemic of Internet outages around the world. And they all seem to have the same effects and the same motivation. "Kaye said," It is a real effort to deprive people of their basic human rights for worldwide access to information. "
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Apart from the fact that people can not talk to each other, the power outages also radically limit the amount of information that comes from the country.
This was the case in India-controlled Kashmir, where the authorities reported an almost complete communication failure in August.
"We do not know what's happening in the country except through some sort of information that might occasionally come out of the country" Kaye said, "The design is designed to make it harder for people to tell their story outside the country."