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The main achievements of the year 2018 in the last limits of space



  Spacex Hawk - Heavy Start Date News
SpaceX

Despite some spectacular failures, the exploration of space is still strong. We go a little further each year and understand a bit more about the final limit – and 2018 was no exception. We said goodbye to some of our favorite missions, celebrated a jubilee, and got one step closer to Mars. Before we ring the bell in the new year, let's take a look back at the major achievements of the 201

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NASA Celebrates the Big 6: 0

  NASA Space Mission Control System
A major milestone this year is 60 Year old. The Space Agency, founded by the National Aeronautics and Space Act of 1958, commenced formal operations on October 1, 1958. From the beginning, NASA was a non-military venture focused on civilian and scientific space exploration and space related research. [19659008] NASA is a leader in space both in the United States and internationally. Only 11 years after its founding, the space agency landed on the moon and finally sent 12 astronauts to the lunar surface. In the 1980s, 90s and early 2000s, the program was dedicated to the Space Shuttle, overseeing 135 missions that set the stage for the International Space Station. More recently, the agency has researched the sun, visited every planet in our solar system, studied asteroids and comets, launched long-range scopes, and even placed rovers on Mars.

In the future, NASA is expected to be the driving force that will bring a man to Mars. NASA plans to develop the Lunar Orbital Platform Gateway, a small outpost of the station that serves as a launch pad for missions to the moon. The lessons learned from these missions will help NASA, along with its international and commercial partners, take the next step towards Mars. Parker Solar Probe shoots for the Sun NASA 19659012 NASA 19659012 In August 2018, NASA launched the NASA Parker Solar Probe, a spacecraft that reaches the edge of the solar corona to study the solar winds. These powerful sunsets can create the dazzling lights of the Aurora, but they can also affect the orbit of satellites and their communication with Earth. From time to time, the solar winds can be strong enough to disrupt the GPS (Global Positioning System) and radio frequency communications.

Scientists studying solar winds could only gather data from spacecraft near Earth, 94 million miles from their source. They know very little about how solar wind is created and how they can reach speeds of up to 1.8 million miles per hour. The Parker Solar Probe hopes to be able to answer some of these original questions by going into the outer atmosphere of the Sun, where it directly samples solar particles and measures the magnetic fields of the Sun. The probe will also measure the temperature of the sun so that scientists can understand how a relatively cool star (6,000 degrees Celsius) can produce a very hot corona measuring millions of degrees Celsius.

NASA's InSight Lander Reaches Mars [19659015] Most Important Scientific News and Breakthroughs of 2018 “/>

On Monday, November 26, 2018, at 2:50 pm, NASA's InSight Landers successfully deployed on the Martian surface. It took seven minutes for the lander to enter Mars at hypersonic speed, slowing to a perfect landing. Immediately after landing, InSight took its first selfie from the surface of the red planet.

Now that it's on Mars, InSight will be busy collecting geological data from the core to the crust. The lander analyzes the different rock strata of the planet, measures the planetary temperatures and generates data about the Mars axis. Scientists hope that they will understand not only Mars, but also the Earth better. The differences between Mars and Earth can help scientists explain why one planet is habitable while the other is a frozen, barren land. After a fiery crash in 2014 that cost a pilot a lifetime and disrupted flights for two years, Virgin Galactic is back on track with its commercial space tourism. With the support of Sir Richard Branson, Virgin Galactic successfully completed four powered space flights in 2018. In December, it climbed forty-eight kilometers to the edge of space before safely returning to Earth with a gentle landing on the Mojave Air and Space Port. During the flight, the pilots experienced microgravity as the ship reached its peak. They were firmly strapped into the spaceship and did not swim in the cockpit.

The data collected during the flight is analyzed and used to improve the safety and performance of subsequent flights. The next test flight is used to simulate a commercial payload that is expected when the spacecraft is full of passengers. More than 600 people have purchased tickets to travel on reusable Virgin Galactic spacecraft. Each ticket costs $ 250,000, but Branson hopes to eventually lower that price to $ 40 or $ 50,000.

SpaceX continues its record series

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Another SpaceX banner year in 2018. The company has once again shown to the world that reusable rockets are the way forward, with SpaceX having 20 launches in 2018 and outperforming the market the record of 2017 with 18 launches, one of its most recent launches brought 64 satellites into orbit, a record number of missions for a single mission in the US World record holder is the Mission of the Indian Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV), which in February 2017 104 Satellites.

SpaceX surprises us again and again usable rockets. For the first time this year, the same Falcon 9s first stage amplifier was used for three different takeoffs and landings. Not only has it been reused three times, but the booster has also been launched from all three different launch pads used by SpaceX – the Kennedy Space Center Pad 39A, the Launch Complex 40 of the Cape Canaveral Air Force Station and the Launch Complex 4E Vandenberg Air Force Base.

The Falcon 9 rocket is not the only spacecraft in the SpaceX arsenal. The company also developed the Dragon Capsule, a reusable freight cargo ship that completed its maiden flight in December 2010. It is the first commercially built and operated spacecraft successfully recovered from orbit. The Dragon capsule continued its successful ISS replenishment missions in 2018. The last launch of the ISS in December was the fifth launch of an already-in-orbit Dragon capsule and the second launch for this special capsule.

The Space Force Wants You

  2018 Space Sees Forcing Logo

In August 2018, the Trump administration confirmed its plans to create the Space Force as the sixth branch of the military. The mission of the industry will be to establish US dominance and protect the country's security interests in space. According to Trump, space is a domain of warfare, and the US needs to be prepared when a combat situation develops.

The Space Force would be reorganized into a single branch dedicated to the development of anti-satellite weapons, jamming technology for military communications, and improved radar and GPS capabilities.

Space Force is still unable to fly as the creation of a new military branch requires Congressional approval. Trump is expected to request the establishment of this branch in Budget 2020, which will be sent to Congress for approval.

Dawn mission ends a

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Artistic representation of the spacecraft Dawn approaching Ceres. NASA / JPL-Caltech

NASA's Dawn mission came to its expected completion in 2018 after the probe ran out of fuel. The Dawn spacecraft launched in September 2007, covering more than 4.3 billion kilometers in 11 years. The mission's mission was to study the dwarf planet Ceres and the giant asteroid Vesta in an asteroid belt.

The images and data retrieved from the mission gave insight into the origin of our solar system and its evolution in the early years. It also featured a close-up of the dwarf planet and a view of the asteroid, suggesting that ice was under that rocky outside. Now that it is no longer functional, the spacecraft Dawn will orbit the dwarf planet Ceres.

Kepler Space Telescope out of service

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The Kepler Space Telescope. NASA

After Kepler's Space Telescope, after nine long years in space, was searching for new planets, the fuel finally ran out and delivered the last images in 2018. The telescope leaves behind a right legacy. It was only operational for 3.5 years, but thanks to NASA scientists, who continued to operate the telescope for another five years, it was long gone. During this time, the telescope collected data from thousands of planets outside our solar system. Much of this information is now available to the public.











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