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The Mars mission | Pakistan today

The Mars Expedition, otherwise known as a human mission to Mars, has long been the subject of sci-fi. Many films have been made showing the landings on Mars and discovering that they are worth living for humanity. This one-sided journey to Mars that everyone has been excited about is the sole purpose of colonizing and terraforming the planet. Find out if it is habitable for humans to live and colonize. Since people have been fascinated by the whole idea of ​​discovering the hidden truths of the universe since the first human step on the Moon, for many the Martian mission is an almost impossible dream.

There have been new ways off the planet a goal of space programs for decades. Uncovering and unraveling the secrets of this infinite universe and many more hidden ones of us has been a topic of discussion until recently, but this theory and concept will soon be on the move. This manned mission to Mars, as discussed by the NASA team, is through specific stages before the final launch into Mars.

The Four Phases

At present, NASA is in the phase of English: German: v3.espacenet.com/textdoc? Zero, which includes countless tests and incremental alliances with private space companies Followed by Phase Zero is Phase One, which would seemingly consisted of missile test launches solely for the delivery of components that would require the station to be built near the Moon. After completion of the first phase, the second phase of the Deep Space Gateway will begin between 2027 and 2029. This tube will carry the settlers of Mars, who will travel a long journey of 400 days. This makes it a continual journey of a year and 35 days to be precise, which seems to be an unpleasantly long journey for the travelers. However, the third phase will ensure that the pipe is filled with supplies for the residents. The final phase, which is four years old, will be the long journey in 2033.

Budget Challenges

On the other hand, NASA requires keeping the mission very well below budget, as it would prove to be a tremendous challenge for them. The budget under which NASA works is 0.5 percent of the total state budget. This manned mission requires an excessive budget because the astronauts must stay healthy. You will be sent with a complete package of necessities, as no stops are possible. The mental health of the astronauts is also a key factor, as the journey would not include an escape route if it were closed once and not everyone could survive the years of travel.

In addition, NASA is in a dilemma to compete to reach the race for MARS. The Boeing and SpaceX, both space companies, expect to reach the SpaceX first, having reached an ambitious target by 2022.

Hence we are all generated by this race and the inventive solutions. If private companies solve some of these human challenges in front of NASA, it will help put the budget to other hardships. At last, the goal will be to send people to Mars, regardless of the organization that brings them there.

However, this scheme requires an outpost to circle around the moon. The four astronauts would most likely spend three years of their lives in a ship orbiting Mars without ever landing on it. Basically, these astronauts would have no escape route beyond the Moon and a path to Earth as their three years would have cramped in a tubular ship. Will this three-year period bear fruit or remain barren?

Difficulty traveling to Mars, why?

This mission is fraught with great challenges as traveling a very long distance is an unknown environment in which to settle down. In addition, people must be landed with the utmost security. Therefore, designing a spacecraft that is capable of entering and leaving the atmosphere of Mars is a tricky task. The atmosphere of Mars seems to be dynamic from the collected information compared to Earth.

To date, NASA has landed a total of six spaceships on Mars: Viking I, Viking II, MER Spirit, and Opportunity, Pathfinder, and Phoenix, which have proven successful in their missions. However, these missions experienced the absence of astronauts, fuel, and supplies for a round-trip journey, as they were mere robotic missions with lighter spacecraft. Why is it a challenge? In any case, since a system needs to be developed to get people to Mars, a careful balance between weight reduction and sedation is needed to consume as little fuel as possible.

The vision of NASA scientists is to carry the ship into the world, first the orbit of Mars and then the deployment of a lander on the planet's surface. This will give astronauts a chance to observe the planet remotely and ensure that no dust storms or weather hazards are encountered where to land. Scientists have developed a method for entering the orbit of the planet that has not previously been used and is referred to as "Aerocapture". To eliminate the fuel complication, the Aerocapture uses the resistance emanating from the upper atmosphere of Mars to reduce the speed of the vehicle. In this case, the atmosphere of Mars will be a brake.

According to calculations, we are still a good 1

6 years away from this expedition. This period of time is not short, and even speculation can not guarantee that this mission would yield favorable results or complete failure. Although the tireless efforts and efforts made and carried out by NASA day and night make the odds look reasonable.

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