Airbus-built MetOp C weather satellite prepares for takeoff
By: Airbus Defense and Space
Posted: Tuesday, April 17, 2018
The MetOp-C meteorological satellite is preparing for the imminent launch to join its siblings and continue the quality of observations and data for the weather to improve
The AirOut-built MetOp-C is the last of the first generation EUMETSAT Polar System (EPS) series of three polar orbiting satellites to be launched on September 18, 2018 by the European Space Center in Kourou, French Guiana , aboard a Soyuz rocket.
The MetOp program has improved the accuracy of the weather forecast and extended the short-term forecasts by one day.
"MetOp satellites are technologically advanced and their instruments are still state," said EUMETSAT Director-General Alain Ratier. "We are in the fortunate and unexpected position of having three MetOps simultaneously in orbit, as MetOp-A, launched in 2006, has far exceeded its five-year development period and will remain in orbit until 2022."
" Building on the successful operation and extraordinary longevity of the MetOp satellites, we continue to look forward to the preparation of MetOp-SG, the next generation of near-Earth orbit satellites for EUMETSAT and ESA, "said Mathilde Royer Germain. Head of Earth Observation, Navigation and Science at Airbus, during a presentation of the satellite to the press.
The MetOp satellites developed by Airbus Defense and Space for the European Space Agency (ESA) and EUMETSAT, the European Organization for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites, are part of a joint European-American cooperation.
Originally it was planned that each satellite would replace its predecessor, ho. Thanks to the excellent performance of the first two MetOp satellites, they can be operated simultaneously, providing the meteorological community with increased data. The upcoming launch of MetOp-C will further enhance the quality of observations and data for weather forecasts.
Each MetOp satellite has a total of 12 instruments (10 for MetOp-C), which makes the system extremely versatile. Two of the instruments were built by Airbus: the Microwave Humidity Sounder (MHS) and the Advanced Scatterometer (ASCAT). The MHS, built by Airbus, measures water vapor near the surface of the earth and is the result of cooperation with the United States.
Two Additional Microwave Humidifiers Are Already Flying on US NOAA Satellites and Deliver Matching Data from Another Orbit Weather Models
The other Airbus-built instrument, the Advanced Scatterometer (ASCAT), is an active radar instrument Measuring wind speed and direction over the open sea. It also provides data for ice and snow cover and surface moisture. ASCAT will scan two 500-kilometer-wide corridors to provide near-global coverage within 24 hours
MetOp also measures sea-surface winds, observes the distribution of sea ice and monitors the stratospheric ozone layer as well as meteorological measurements collected from boats, buoys and research stations. Metop A and B also have a receiver for routing signals sent by people in distress.
In addition to the expected weather forecasting benefits, MetOp-C will continue the time series of data begun by MetOp-A. The long-term outlook is crucial for climate monitoring.
The MetOp SG developed at Airbus will ensure the continuity and enhancement of meteorological data with improved spectral and spatial resolution compared to the measurements currently provided by the first generation of MetOp satellites. A full range of observations is realized with 10 different instruments covering ultraviolet, visible, infrared and microwave spectral bands.
As of 2021, MetOp-SG will further increase the benefits of accurate weather forecasting based on the state of the art European technology and continue to contribute several billion euros to European citizens' socio-economic benefits. About Airbus
Airbus is the world leader in aerospace and related services. In 2017, revenues of € 67 billion were achieved, which were adjusted by € 59 billion under IFRS 15, and employed approximately 129,000 people. Airbus offers the widest range of passenger aircraft from 100 to over 600 seats. Airbus is also a European leader in tank, combat, transportation and mission aircraft, as well as one of the world's leading aerospace companies. In helicopters Airbus offers the world's most efficient civil and military rotary wing solutions.
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