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The most massive neutron star ever discovered reaches the limits of physics



This is the artistic impression that the pulse of a massive neutron star is delayed by the transition of a white dwarf star between the neutron star and the earth. Because of this delay, astronomers have discovered the most massive neutron star yet.

The European Southern Observatory's VISTA telescope captured a stunning image of the Magellanic Cloud, one of our closest galactic neighbors. The near-infrared capability of the telescope shows millions of individual stars.

Astronomers believe that Comet C / 201

9 Q4 could be the second known interstellar visitor to our solar system. It was first sighted on August 30 and pictured on September 10, 2019 by the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope on Hawaii's Big Island.

A star named S0-2, depicted as a blue and green object in this artist's illustration. In 2018 it approached the supermassive black hole in the center of the Milky Way the closest. This was a test of Einstein's general theory of relativity.

This is a radio image of the galactic center of the Milky Way. The radio bubbles discovered by MeerKAT extend vertically above and below the plane of the galaxy.

A Kilanova was captured in 2016 by the Hubble Space Telescope, here next to the red arrow. Kilanovae are massive explosions that produce heavy elements like gold and platinum.

This is an artist's impression of a black hole that is about to swallow a neutron star. Detectors reported this possible event on August 14.

The image of this artist shows LHS 3844b, a nearby rocky exoplanet. It is 1.3 times Earth's mass and is orbiting a cool M dwarf star. The surface of the planet is probably dark and covered with cooled volcanic material, and there is no detectable atmosphere.

The concept of an artist exploding a massive star in a dense star environment.

The Galaxy NGC 5866 is 44 million light-years away from Earth. It seems flat because we can only see its edge in this image taken by NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope.

The Hubble Space Telescope has taken a dazzling new portrait of Jupiter showing its vivid colors and whirling cloud features in the atmosphere.

This is an artistic impression of the old massive and distant galaxies observed with ALMA.

Glowing gas clouds and newborn stars form the gull mist in one of the spiral galaxies of the Milky Way.

An artistic idea of ​​what the first stars looked like shortly after the Big Bang.

Spiral galaxy NGC 2985 is located approximately 70 million light-years from our solar system in the constellation Ursa Major.

Early in the history of the Universe, the Milky Way collided with a left dwarf galaxy that helped form the ring and structure of our galaxy as they are known today.

An artistic representation of a thin slice of black hole embedded in a supermassive in the center of the spiral galaxy NGC 3147, 130 million light-years away.

Hubble has taken this view of a spiral galaxy called NGC 972, which seems to be blooming with a new star formation. The orange glow comes when hydrogen gas responds to the intense light that streams out from nearby newborn stars.

This is the Quallenalaxie JO201.

The star system, Eta Carinae, located 7,500 light-years from Earth, experienced a major explosion in 1838 and the Hubble Space Telescope still captures the consequences. This new ultraviolet image reveals the warm glowing gas clouds that resemble fireworks.

& # 39; Oumuamua, the first observed interstellar visitor to our solar system, is shown in an artist illustration.

An artistic representation of CSIRO's Australian SKA Pathfinder radio telescope, which finds a rapid burst of radio and determines its exact location.

The Whirlpool galaxy has been captured in different wavelengths of light. On the left is a visible photograph. The next image combines visible and infrared light, while the two show right wavelengths of infrared light.

Electrically charged C60 molecules in which 60 carbon atoms are located in a football-like hollow sphere were found by the Hubble Space Telescope in interstellar medium between star systems.

These are enlarged galaxies behind large galaxy clusters. The pink halos reveal the gas surrounding its distant galaxies and its structure. The gravitational lens effect of the cluster multiplies the images of the galaxies.

The illustration by this artist shows a blue quasar in the center of a galaxy.

The NICER detector on the International Space Station recorded nightly X-ray radiation for 22 months to generate this map of the entire sky.

NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope has taken up this mosaic of Cepheus C and Cepheus B star-shaped regions.

This is an artistic representation of ancient supernovae that bombarded Earth with cosmic energy millions of years ago.

Galaxy NGC 4485 collided with its larger galactic neighbor NGC 4490 millions of years ago.

Astronomers developed a mosaic of the distant universe called Hubble Legacy Field, which documents 16 years of Hubble Space Telescope observations. The image contains 200,000 galaxies spanning 13.3 billion years to just 500 million years after the Big Bang.

View of a ground telescope on the Large Magellanic Cloud, an adjacent galaxy of our Milky Way galaxy. The inset was picked up by the Hubble Space Telescope and shows one of the star clusters in the galaxy.

One of the brightest planetary nebulae in the sky and the nebula NGC 7027, first discovered in 1878, is focused on the constellation of the swan.

The Asteroid 6478 Gault is featured on NASA's NASA / ESA Hubble Space Telescope. He shows two narrow, comet-like debris tails, which show that the asteroid is slowly destroying itself. The bright stripes surrounding the asteroids are background stars. The Gault asteroid is located 214 million miles from the Sun between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter.

The ghostly shell in this image is a supernova, and the glowing path that leads away from it is a pulsar.

Hidden in This cosmic bat, one of the darkest corners of the Orion constellation, spreads its hazy wings in interstellar space 2,000 light-years away. It is illuminated by the young stars that are at its core – although they are enveloped in opaque dust clouds, their bright rays still illuminate the fog.

In this illustration, several dust rings circle around the sun. These rings form when the gravities of the planets drag dust grains into orbit around the sun. Recently, scientists have discovered a dust ring in the orbit of Mercury. Others suggest that the source of Venus' dust ring is a group of previously uncovered co-orbital asteroids.

This is an artistic impression of globular clusters surrounding the Milky Way galaxy.

Artistic representation of life on a planet in orbit around a binary star system, visible as two suns in the sky.

An artistic representation of one of the most distant objects of the Solar System, 2018 VG18 – also known as "Farout". The pink hue indicates ice. We still have no idea what "FarFarOut" looks like.

This is an artist concept of the Little Moon Hippocamp discovered by the Hubble Space Telescope. With a diameter of only 32 kilometers, it could actually be a broken fragment of a much larger neighboring moon, Proteus, which is seen as a crescent in the background.

In this illustration, an asteroid (bottom left) breaks under the heavy gravity of LSPM J0207 + 3331, the oldest, coldest white dwarf known to be surrounded by a ring of dusty debris. Scientists believe that the system's infrared signal is best explained by two distinct rings consisting of dust delivered by decaying asteroids.

An artistic impression of the distorted and twisted Milky Way disc. This happens when the rotational forces of the massive center of the galaxy pull on the outer disk.

It is believed that this 1.3-kilometer (0.8-mile) Kuiper belt object was discovered by researchers at the edge of the solar system. The step between dust and ice balls and fully formed planets.

A selfie taken by NASA's Curiosity Mars rover on Vera Rubin Ridge before being moved to a new location.

The Hubble Space Telescope found a dwarf galaxy behind a hidden large cluster of stars located in our cosmic neighborhood. It is so ancient and original that researchers have referred to it as a "living fossil" from the early Universe.

How did massive black holes form in the early universe? The rotating disk of this halo of dark matter breaks up into three lumps, which collapse under their own gravity and form supermassive stars. These stars will collapse quickly and form massive black holes.

NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope has taken this picture of the Magellanic Cloud, a satellite galaxy for our own galaxy galaxy. Astrophysicists now believe that it could collide with our galaxy in two billion years.

A mysterious bright object in the sky, called "The Cow," was captured in real time by telescopes around the world. Astronomers believe that this could be the birth of a black hole, a neutron star, or a new class of objects.

An illustration shows the discovery of a repetitive rapid burst of radio from a mysterious source 3 billion light-years from Earth.

The comet 46P / Wirtanen will cruise around Earth on December 16 within a radius of 7 million miles. The spooky green coma is the size of Jupiter, though the comet itself has a diameter of about three quarters of a mile.

This mosaic The image of the asteroid Bennu consists of 12 PolyCam images taken on 2 December by the OSIRIS-REx spacecraft from a distance of 24 km.

This image of a globular cluster of the Hubble Space Telescope is one of the oldest collections of stars known. The cluster, named NGC 6752, is more than 10 billion years old.

A picture of Apep taken with the VISIR camera at the Very Large Telescope of the European Southern Observatory. This "pinwheel" star system is most likely condemned to end in a gamma-ray burst of long duration.

An artistic representation of the galaxy Abell 2597 shows the supermassive black hole ejecting cold molecular gas like the pump of a giant intergalactic well.

A picture of the wild duck pile, where each star is about 250 million years old.

These pictures show the final stage of a union of pairs of galactic nuclei in the chaotic nuclei of colliding galaxies.

Radio image of hydrogen gas in the small Magellanic cloud. Astronomers believe that the dwarf galaxy is slowly dying and will eventually be consumed by the Milky Way.

Further evidence of a supermassive black hole in the center of the Milky Way has been found. This visualization uses data from gas orbital motion simulations that spin around the black hole in a circular orbit at 30% of the speed of light.

Does that look like a shock to you? This huge shadow comes from a bright star, which reflects against the surrounding dust disk. Hey, Bennu! NASA's OSIRIS REx mission, on its way to the primitive asteroid Bennu, sends back images as it approaches its December 3 target.

These three panels reveal a supernova before, during and after 920 million lights years from Earth (from left to right). The Supernova iPTF14gqr is unusual because the star was massive, but its explosion was fast and weak. The researchers suspect that this is due to a companion star that has lost its mass.

This is an artistic depiction of what a Neptune-sized Moon would look like if it were orbiting the gas giant exoplanet Kepler-1625b in a star system 8,000 light-years away. It could be the first Exomoon ever discovered.

An artistic representation of Planet X that could form the orbits of smaller, extremely distant objects of the outer solar system, such as the 2015 TG387.

This is an artistic concept of what SIMP J01365663 + 0933473 might look like. It has 12.7 times the mass of Jupiter but a 200 times stronger magnetic field than that of Jupiter. This object is 20 light-years from Earth. It is on the border between the being of a planet and the being of a brown dwarf.

The Andromeda galaxy cannibalized and crushed the once-massive M32p galaxy, leaving behind this compact galaxy residue known as the M32. It is completely unique and contains a wealth of young stars.

Twelve new moons were found around Jupiter. This chart shows different groupings of the moons and their orbits, with the newly discovered ones being shown in bold.

Scientists and observatories around the world were able to trace a high-energy neutrino to a galaxy with a supermassive, fast-spinning black hole known as the Blazar in its midst. The galaxy is located in its constellation to the left of Orion's shoulder and is about 4 billion light-years from Earth.

Planets not only appear from the air, but also require gas, dust, and other processes that astronomers do not fully understand. This is an artistic impression of how "infant" planets form around a young star.

These negative images of 2015 BZ509, circled yellow, show the first known interstellar object that has become an integral part of our solar system. The exo-asteroid was probably taken into our solar system 4.5 billion years ago by another star system. It was then in a declining orbit around Jupiter.

A close look at the diamond matrix in a meteorite that landed in Sudan in 2008. This is considered the first evidence of a protoplanet that contributed to the formation of terrestrial planets in our solar system.

2004 EW95 is the first carbon-rich asteroid whose existence in the Kuiper belt and a relic of the original solar system has been confirmed. This strange object was probably formed in the asteroid belt between Mars and Jupiter before being thrown billions of miles to its present home in the Kuiper Belt. Image of the Lagoon Nebula 4,000 light-years from Earth. While the entire nebula has a diameter of 55 light-years, this image shows only a part of about four light-years.

This is a more star-shaped view of the lagoon nebula using Hubble infrared functions. The reason why you can see more stars is that Infrared is able to penetrate the dust and gas clouds to reveal the fullness of the two young stars in the nebula as well as more distant stars in the background.

The Rosette Nebula is 5,000 light-years from Earth. The distinctive mist, which some claim to look more like a skull, has a hole in the middle that creates the illusion of a rose form.

KIC 8462852, also known as Boyajian Star or Tabby Star, is 1,000 light-years away. It is 50% larger than our sun and 1000 degrees hotter. And it does not behave like any other star that dims and lightens sporadically. The dust around the star, shown here in the image of an artist, may be the most likely cause of his strange behavior.

This inner slope of a Martian crater has several of the seasonal dark streaks called "recurring hang lines" or RSL. that a report from November 2017 is interpreted as a grainy flow instead of being obscured by running water. The image comes from the HiRISE camera on NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter.

The depiction of this artist shows a supernova explosion that contains the luminosity of 100 million suns. Supernova iPTF14hls, which has exploded several times, is probably the most massive and long-lived ever seen.

This figure shows hydrocarbon compounds that break down into ice giants such as Neptune in carbon and hydrogen and become a "diamond rain".

This eye-catching picture shows the star kindergarten in the Orion Nebula, where stars are born. The red filament is a 50-light-long section of ammonia molecules. The blue represents the gas of the Orion Nebula. This image is a compilation of observations from the Robert C. Byrd Green Bank Telescope and the NASA Telescope to explore infrared wide-field surveys. "We still do not know exactly how large gas clouds in our galaxy collapse to form new stars," said Rachel Friesen, one of the co-principal investigators of the collaboration. "But ammonia is an excellent indicator of dense, star-shaped gas."

This is how Earth and Moon look like from Mars. The picture is made up of the best earth image and the best moon image taken on 20 November 2016 by NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter. The orbiter's camera captures images in three wavelength ranges: infrared, red, and teal. Mars was about 127 million miles from Earth at the time of the survey.

PGC 1000714 was originally thought to be a common elliptical galaxy, but a more detailed analysis revealed the incredibly rare discovery of a Hoag galaxy. It has a round core surrounded by two separate rings.

The Cassini NASA spacecraft captured these images of the planet's mysterious hexagonal jet stream in December 2016. The hexagon was discovered in images taken by the Voyager spacecraft in the early 1980s. It is estimated that the diameter is larger than two earths.

In this Hubble Space Telescope image of the Crab Nebula, which is located in the constellation Taurus about 6500 light-years from Earth, a dead star glows greenish. NASA published the image for Halloween 2016 and took up the topic in their press release. The agency said the "scary-looking object still has a pulse". In the center of the Crab Nebula is the crushed core or "heart" of an exploded star. The heart rotates 30 times a second, creating a magnetic field that generates 1 trillion volts, according to NASA.

An international team of astronomers peering through the thick dust clouds of the galactic bulge uncovered the unusual mixture of stars in the star cluster called Terzan 5. The new results indicate that Terzan 5 is one of the original building blocks of the planet Bulge is, most likely, the relic of the Milky Way's early days.

An artistic idea of ​​Planet Nine, which would be the farthest planet in our solar system. The similar cluster orbits of extreme objects at the edge of our solar system suggest that there is a massive planet.

A representation of the orbits of the new and previously known extremely distant objects of the solar system. The accumulation of most of their orbits suggests that they are likely to be influenced by something massive and very distant, the proposed planet X.

Welcome the dark galaxy Dragonfly 44. Like our Milky Way galaxy, it has a halo of globular clusters of stars around its core.

A classic nova arises when a white dwarf star receives matter from its secondary star (a red dwarf) over a period of time and triggers a thermonuclear reaction on the surface that eventually breaks out in a single visible eruption. This leads to a 10,000-fold increase in brightness, which is shown here in the rendering of an artist.

Gravitational lenses and spatial distortions are visible in this Hubble image of near and far galaxies.

In the center of our galaxy, the Milky Way, researchers discovered an X-shaped structure within a cluster of stars.

Meet UGC 1382: What astronomers thought was a normal elliptical galaxy (left) turned out to be a massive disk galaxy consisting of different parts when viewed with ultraviolet and deep optical data (center and right). In a complete reversal of the normal galaxy structure, the center is younger than its outer spiral disk. NASA's Hubble Space Telescope has captured this image of the Crab Nebula and its "beating heart," which is a neutron star to the right of the two bright stars in the center of the image.

The neutron star pulsates 30 times per second. The rainbow colors are visible due to the movement of materials in the fog that occurs during the time lapse of the image.

The Hubble Space Telescope took a picture of a hidden galaxy that is weaker than Andromeda or the Milky Way. This low surface-brightness galaxy, called UGC 477, is found in the constellation Pisces at over 110 million light-years away.

On April 19, NASA released new images of bright craters on Ceres. This photo shows the Haulani Crater with its landslide edge. Scientists believe that some craters on the dwarf planet are bright because they are relatively new.

This illustration shows the millions of dust grains collected by the NASA spacecraft Cassini near Saturn. A few dozen of them seem to have come from outside our solar system.

This image from the VLT survey telescope at ESO's Paranal Observatory in Chile shows an astonishing concentration of galaxies known as the Fornax cluster and located in the south hemisphere. In the center of this cluster, in the middle of the three bright spots on the left side of the image, is a cD galaxy – a galactic cannibal that has grown in size by eating smaller galaxies.

This picture shows the central region of the Tarantul Nebula in the large Magellanic Cloud. The young and dense star cluster R136, which contains hundreds of massive stars, can be seen in the lower right corner of the image of the Hubble Space Telescope.

In March 2016, astronomers published an article on strong red flashes from the V404 Cygni binary system in 2015. This illustration shows a black hole, similar to that in V404 Cygni, which devours material from a rotating star.

This image shows the elliptical galaxy NGC 4889, deeply embedded in the coma galaxy cluster. At the center of the galaxy is a gigantic supermassive black hole.

An artistic representation of the 2MASS J2126, which takes 900,000 years to circle its star at a distance of 1 billion kilometers.

Caltech researchers have found evidence that a giant planet pursues a bizarre, highly elongated orbit in the outer solar system. The nicknamed Planet Nine has a mass about ten times that of Earth, and on average about twenty times as far from the Sun as Neptune.

An artistic impression of what a black hole might look like. In February, researchers in China said they discovered a supermassive black hole 12 billion times the size of the Sun.

Are there any oceans on one of the Jupiter moons? The juice probe, which can be seen in the imprint of this artist, should find out. Courtesy of ESA / AOES

Astronomers have discovered powerful Aurors on a 20-yd Brown Dwarf. This is an artistic concept of the phenomenon.

Venus, Soil, and Jupiter light brightly over Matthews, North Carolina on Monday, June 29th. The seemingly close encounter, called conjunct, has created a dazzling appearance in the summer sky. Although the two planets seem to be close together, they are actually millions of miles apart.

Jupiter's icy moon According to NASA, Europe may be the best place in the solar system to search for extraterrestrial life. The moon is about the size of the Earth's Moon, and there is evidence that there is an ocean under its frozen crust that can absorb twice as much water as the Earth. NASA's 2016 budget provides for $ 30 million for the planning of a mission to investigate Europe. The above picture was taken by the Galileo spacecraft on November 25, 1999. It is a 12-frame mosaic and is considered to be the best image of Europe's side facing Jupiter so far.

This fog or a cloud of gas and dust is called RCW 34 or Gum 19. The brightest areas you can see are the areas where the gas is heated by young stars. At some point the gas burst like champagne after uncorking a bottle. Scientists call this champagne flow. This new image of the nebula was taken by the Very Large Telescope of the European Space Agency in Chile. RCW 34 stands in the constellation Vela in the southern sky. The name means in Latin "sail of a ship".

The Hubble Space Telescope has taken pictures of Jupiter's three great moons – Io, Callisto, and Europe – passing by at the same time.

Astronomers using powerful optics found a planet-like body, J1407b, with rings that are 200 times larger than Saturn's. This is an artistic representation of the rings of the planet J1407b covering a star.

This image of the La Silla Observatory in Chile seems to be missing a bit of stars. However, the stars are still behind a gas and dust cloud called Lynds Dark Nebula 483. The cloud is located in the constellation Serpens (The Serpent) about 700 light-years from Earth.

This is the largest Hubble Space Telescope image ever built. It is part of the galaxy next door, Andromeda (M31).

NASA has captured a stunning new image of the so-called "Pillars of Creation," one of Space Agency's best-known discoveries. The huge cold gas columns in a small region of the Eagle's Mist were made popular in 1995 by a similar image taken by the Hubble Space Telescope.

Astronomers using Hubble space composed this image showing a small section of space in the southern hemisphere constellation Fornax. This space image contains 10,000 galaxies dating back to several hundred million years after the Big Bang.

The Planetary Nebula Abell 33 appears annular in this image and was taken with the Very Large of the European Southern Observatory telescope. The blue bubble emerged as an aging star stripped its outer layers and a star in the foreground aligned itself to create a "diamond engagement ring" effect.

This Hubble image looks like a floating marble or maybe a giant. disembodied eye. But it's actually a fog with a huge star in the middle. Scientists believe the star used to be 20 times as massive as our sun, but it dies and goes into the supernova.

Composite image of B14-65666 with the distributions of dust (red), oxygen (green), and carbon (blue), observed by ALMA and stars (white), observed by the Hubble Space Telescope.

Artistic representation of the merging galaxies B14-65666 at a distance of 13 billion light years.


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