More than 200 researchers around the world have published a research article in which, after 13 years of work, they finally cracked the complete genome of wheat.
Kansas State University researchers, who have collaborated with the International Wheat Genome Sequencing Consortium on the project, said in a press release that the work will pave the way for wheat varieties better adapted to climatic challenges with higher yields and better nutrition are.
The research article published in the journal Science was written by scientists from 73 research institutions in 20 countries. It presents the genome of the bread-wheat variety Chinese Spring. It is the highest quality genome sequence ever produced for wheat, the most cultured crop in the world.
"The completion of the sequence is a milestone that will serve as an important foundation for future wheat improvement," said Kansas State Agronomy Professor Allan Fritz. "It's the key to enabling efficient real-time integration of relevant genes and making the selection process more efficient ̵
While genome presentations were done on other crops, they did the same for wheat taking time because it's a complicated organism whose wheat genome is more than five times larger than the human genome.
The Hutchinson News reported that the genome sequence allows improved breeding for higher yields, stress resistance, higher quality and more. 19659002] "Once we know which genes have favorable properties and where they are in the genome, we can use DNA markers to select them," said Jesse Poland, associate professor at Kansas State and director of the Wheel Genetics Resource Director Center. "That's a kind of roadmap or blueprint for it."
Kansas farmers grow on average 340 million bushels of wheat per year, but cultivated acres have dropped from 10 million acres to less than 8 million in the last decade.