قالب وردپرس درنا توس
Home / Science / The researchers say they have cracked the whole genome of wheat News, Sports, Jobs

The researchers say they have cracked the whole genome of wheat News, Sports, Jobs



Photo by: AP File Photo

In this AP file photo of June 7, 2016, wheat stocks are ripening on a field near Lawrence.

<! –

->

MANHATTAN – More than 200 researchers around the world have published a research article in which, after 1

3 years of work, they finally crack the whole genome of wheat.

Kansas State University scientists working with the International Wheat Genome Sequencing Consortium Englisch: bio-pro.de/en/region/stern/magazine/…3/index.html. that the work will pave the way for wheat varieties that are better adapted to climatic challenges with higher yields and better nutrition.

The research article published in the journal Science was written by scientists from 73 research institutes in 20 countries. It presents the genome of the bread-wheat variety Chinese Spring. It is the highest quality genome sequence ever produced for wheat, the most widely used crop in the world.

"The completion of the sequence is a milestone that will serve as a critical foundation for future wheat improvement," said Kansas State Agronomy Professor Allan Fritz. "It's the key to enabling efficient real-time integration of relevant genes, making the selection process more efficient – it's a turbocharger for wheat breeding."

Although genome presentations have been done on other crops, they do the same for wheat, because it is a complicated organism whose wheat genome is more than five times larger than the human genome.

The Hutchinson News reported that the genome sequence allows improved breeding for higher yields, stress resistance, higher quality and more. 19659005] "Once we know which genes have favorable properties and where they are in the genome, we can use DNA markers to select them," said Jesse Poland, associate professor at Kansas State and director of the Wheel Genetics Resource Director Center. "That's a kind of roadmap or blueprint for it."

Kansas farmers grow on average 340 million bushels of wheat per year, but cultivated acres have dropped from 10 million acres to less than 8 million in the last decade. [19659012] (function (d, s, id) {
var js, fjs = d.getElementsByTagName (s) [0];
if (d.getElementById (id)) return;
js = d.createElement (s); js.id = id;
js.src = "http://connect.facebook.net/en_US/sdk.js#xfbml=1&appId=1946293552070104&version=v2.0";
fjs.parentNode.insertBefore (js, fjs);
} (Document, & # 39; script & # 39 ;, & # 39; facebook-jssdk & # 39;));
Source link