A radically new mini space shuttle has been approved by NASA.
The "Dream Chaser", the manufacturer Sierra Nevada Corp, hopes that it could begin by the end of 2020 with the delivery of freight to the International Space Station.
Now NASA has launched a full production of the ship to begin a series of tests.
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The Dream Chaser will conduct at least six missions to perform cargo delivery, disposal, and repatriation to the International Space Station under the NASA CRS-2 contract. 19659011] "NASA's confirmation that SNC has completed this landmark milestone and approval of the full production of the first Dream Chaser spaceship is an important indication that we are on the right track for the industry & # 39 ;, program director John Curry for CRS-2 at SNC said:
"We've come a step closer to the first orbital flight of the Dream Chaser spacecraft."
The Dream Chaser will carry out at least six missions to provide cargo, disposal and repatriation of the International Space Station under the NASA CRS-2 contract.
She will launch into orbit on a United States Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket from Cape Canaveral, Florida, where Kennedy Space Center will land on a standard runway.
"This comprehensive test confirmed that the Dream Chaser program should be brought into production so that we can bring Dream Chaser to market as quickly as possible as a critical space station for the supply of spacecraft," said Fatih Ozmen, co-owner and CEO of SNC.
Many critical parts of the orbital vehicle are already completed, built and tested, including key structural components, thermal protection system tiles, and avionics hardware.
With the success of IR4, these components are now being integrated into the orbital vehicle assembly at SNC's Space Systems office in Louisville, Colorado ,
The Dream Chaser will conduct at least six missions to perform cargo delivery, disposal and repatriation to the International Space Station under NASA's CRS-2 contract. In the picture the shuttle is docked at the ISS
She will launch into Orbit from Cape on a Atlas 5 missile from the United Launch Alliance, and will land at Kennedy Space Center on a standard airstrip.
The spacecraft delivers up to 5,500 kg of pressurized and unpressurized cargo and brings over 1,850 kg of cargo with a cargo-back soft runway landing.
The spacecraft also has a disposal capacity of approximately 3,400 kg (~ 7,400 pounds) for each mission via the cargo module that burns after separation from the winged Dream Chaser vehicle in the atmosphere.
Last year, a trial version of a "mini-space shuttle" in the Mojave Desert has taken a big step forward for the mini-shuttle.
The Dream Chaser of the Sierra Nevada Corp. was transported to a height of 10,000 feet by the civilian version of the CH-47 Chinook of the US Army, and then dropped in a test of its autonomous landing systems on the runway at Edwards Air Force Base.
Unoccupied Dream Chaser made a smooth landing At NASA's Armstrong Flight Research Center in Edwards, Edwards Air Force Base during a free-flight attempt, NASA officials said in a statement
Spot The Shuttle: The Dreamhunter of the Sierra Nevada Corp. was promoted to a height of 10,000 feet by the civilian version of the US Army's CH-47 Chinook and then dropped down to land on Edwards Air Force Base at Edwards a test of its autonomous land systems.
The mini-shuttle made a perfect charge at NASA's Armstrong Flight Research Center in Edwards, California.
The Dream Chaser is preparing to ship cargo to the International Space Station (ISS) from 2020 onwards. 19659002] The data collected by SNC from this test campaign will help to influence and inform the final design of the Dream Chaser cargo hold, which will carry at least six cargo delivery missions to and from the Space Station by 2024.
The test is scheduled to test the aerodynamic features, flight software and control system performance of the Dream Chaser.
"The Dream Chaser had a nice flight and a good landing!" Representatives of the Sierra Nevada said.
raised. The Dream Chaser aircraft of the Sierra Nevada Corp. was lifted off the ground at 7:21. NASA's Armstrong Flight Research Center at Edwards Air Force Base, California
The Dream Chaser is designed to carry crewed cargo on board to and from the International Space Station.
Earlier this year, she was lifted by a helicopter in a precursor to a free flight in which he is released to land autonomously on a runway, as would be the case with a return from orbit.
A Dream Chaser could carry a crew of seven with additional life support equipment. [19659002 "Fans are comforting after NASA's shuttle fleet retires – the heart can be encouraging: the next generation of reusable spacecraft will hit the market," NASA said.
THE SPACE SHUTTLE: AMERICA'S LONGEST RUNNING SPACE EXPLORATION PROGRAM
The space shuttle Discovery is launched on March 13, 1989, mission STS-29,
. Born in Columbia, NASA's longest-running space research program.
Atlantis was launched in 1985.
NASA's next youngest fleet is a museum exhibit at the Kennedy Space Center.
This grand finale came 50 years after the day Gus Grissom became the second American in space, just half a year before Glenn.
Atlantis – the last of Nasa's three surviving shuttles to retire – was as admirable during the descent as it was throughout the 13th century. Day flight.
Food and other supplies were delivered to the space station for a full year, just in case the upcoming commercial deliveries are delayed.
The international partners – Russia, Europe, Japan – will carry the cargo in the meantime.
However, not every 1,333 days in space was a success.
Two of the shuttles – Challenger and Columbia – were destroyed at take-off, while others were destroyed while driving home.
Fourteen people were killed.
But every time the shuttle program stopped.
The decision to stop the shuttle flight was made seven years ago, barely a year after the Columbia tragedy.
President Barack Obama paid President George W. Bush's moon targets, but opted for astronaut expeditions to an asteroid and a Mars.
The Space Shuttle was sold to America as cheap, safe and reliable. It was not one of them.
It cost 196 billion dollars over 40 years, ending the life of 14 astronauts and managing to make less than half of the promised flights.
Nasas The first Space Shuttle flight took place in April 1981.
Now that Atlantis has landed, it and the two remaining shuttles are officially museum pieces – more expensive than any painting.
The total price for the program was more than double the originally calculated $ 90 billion NASA.
Atlantis broke away in September 2006 from the International Space Station ISS.
But as It was a mistake that had paid off in an unexpected way that was not about money and reliability.
Former President George Bush Sr said: The discoveries made it possible to promote international cooperation and the knowledge gained – often at high human cost – has contributed to humanity and ours in countless important ways contributed to common progress. "
Mr. Bush oversaw the early days of the program as Vice President, a task traditionally involving the surveillance of NASA. 19659002] University of Colorado Professor of Science Policy, Roger Pielke Jr., who studies the cost and policy of the shuttle, said there are likely to be other ways in which the US spent billions of dollars a year on a Human Space program and gained more. [19459005
But even their failures were great and tragic.
Seven astronauts died, as a challenger about one Minutes after launch in 1986 exploded, and seven others died when Columbia was burned on its return to Earth in 2003.
Last ditch Appeals that hold shuttles to NASA legends like Neil Armstrong of Apollo 11 and Christopher Kraft, the founder of Mission Control, landed flat.
In January 2016, SNC was one of three companies that received cargo transport contracts from 2019 to 2024 to the International Space Station ISS.
The company also promotes the spacecraft's flexibility in remote sensing, satellite service, and even the removal of active debris, also known as space-trash cleanup.
A second round of Dream Chaser flight tests will take place at NASA's Armstrong Research Center
The test campaign will help SNC review the Dream Chaser's aerodynamic features, flight software and control system.
In addition to the Shuttle Atlanta shown in the impression of this artist, the Dream Chaser
returned cargo to the International Space Station under the NASA's Commercial Resupply Services 2 (CRS2) contract, which begins in 2019.
The data that SNC obtains from this data This campaign will help to influence and inform the final design of the Cargo Dream Chaser, which will lift at least six cargo delivery missions to and from the space station by 2024.
How the Dreamchaser works: Each vehicle can be reused 15 times.
Last year, NASA acquired the Sierra Nevada Corp. announced SpaceX and Orbital ATK launching cargo to the International Space Station.
These unfinished flights will last until 2024 and represent a second chance for the Nevada-based company to develop a mini-shuttle called the Dream Chaser.
Sierra Nevada participated in NASA's commercial occupation, but lost to SpaceX and Boeing in 2014.
As the SpaceX plans to launch the Sierra Nevada from Cape Canaveral, Florida.
Like the shuttle, the spacecraft can land again and bring scientific experiments and other items from the station.
The Sierra Nevada Corporation has delivered its Dream Chaser spacecraft to Edwards Air Force Base prior to the 2019 missions to deliver freight to the International Space Station.
Preparing to Ship Freight to the International Space Station under NASA's Commercial Recovery Services 2 (CRS2) contract from 2019.
The recent SpaceX and Orbital accidents prompted NASA to select a third party carrier to increase flexibility.
Orbital launched from Wallops Island, Virginia, until an explosion in 2014.
SpaceX I experienced its own launch error last summer
Sierra Nevada's Dream Chaser & # 39; Shuttle & # 39; s; will bring SpaceX and Orbital ATK together to carry cargo to the International Space Station.
The spacecraft will be able to land on the ground again like the shuttle and bring scientific experiments and other items from the station.
NASA issued its first commercial supplies in 2008.
The first flight was in 2012.
The most recent contract stipulates that each of the three companies must carry out at least three flights.