Home / Science / The Siberian unicorn walked alongside humans and was probably extinguished by climate change

The Siberian unicorn walked alongside humans and was probably extinguished by climate change



An Artist's Performance of a "Siberian Unicorn"

(Nature Ecology and Evolution)

  • A massive, hairy rhino known as the "Siberian unicorn" lived much longer than expected.
  • A New Study Found The animal survived long enough to walk with the humans on the earth.
  • Scientists say a change in climate would likely erase the species.

A massive, hairy rhinoceros nicknamed "Siberian Unicorn" lived much longer than previously thought and walked the Earth with humans, according to a new study.

Radiocarbon dating of 23 rhinoceros' specimens has allowed scientists to find that the four-tonne beast ̵

1; not exactly what one would think if one imagines a unicorn – has survived Eastern Europe in Central Europe until 39,000 years ago at about the same time as early modern humans and Neanderthals, according to new research in the journal Nature Ecology and Evolution.

Earlier, scientists believed the rhino, scientifically known as Ela smotherium sibericum, died out about 200,000 years ago.

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Another important finding was that the Siberian unicorn should die out was not caused by human hunting or the last Ice Age, which started about 25,000 years ago. Instead, a slight climate change was over.

A skeleton of Elasmotherium sibericum in the Stavropol Museum.

When the earth started to warm and came from an ice age that began about 40,000 years ago, the grasslands began to shrink in size The rhinoceros, resting solely on hard, dry grass, was likely to be extinct.

"Relatives like the woolly rhinoceros had always eaten a more balanced plant variety and were less affected by a change in their habitat," wrote the authors of the study.

Today, only five of the 250 known rhino species are present, three of which are classified as critically endangered by the International Union for Conservation of Nature. Very few rhinos live outside of national parks and reserves due to poaching and habitat loss.

Scientists believe that studying the extinction of the Siberian unicorn might help them save the remaining rhinos because they persist in choosing a habitat.

19659008] "Any change in their environment is a danger to them ," said Adrian Lister, who led the study, to BBC News. "And of course we've learned from the fossil record that once a species has disappeared, it has finally disappeared."


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