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The silent spread of HIV



Number of HIV-infected people across Pakistan exceeds 165,000, raising questions about NACP performance

LAHORE: The number of people living with HIV in Pakistan has exceeded 165,000 and raises serious doubts about the performance and efficiency of Pakistan to the National Aids Control Program (NACP). The program does not seem to have stopped the spread of the disease.

However, according to the NACP, the number of HIV registered patients is only 23,000. In this context, it is surprising that NACP has reported the same figure for HIV patients for five years. However, the increase in the number of HIV cases, despite the allocation of billions of rupees to the NACP, is extremely worrying.

In its written response to the National Assembly, the Department of Health has affirmed that emergency measures are being taken for patients to whom the NACP was inflicted HIV, including the provision of medicines and measures to prevent the disease from reaching their small children Children will be passed on. The ministry has set up 35 AIDS treatment centers nationwide. However, according to the Ministry of Health officials, negligence in blood transfusion and the use of virus-infested syringes in the hands of drug addicts also contribute to the spread of the disease.

According to United Nations Global HIV Aids Control Program statistics, a total of 36.9 million people worldwide are affected by the deadly virus, of which 25 percent were undiagnosed. According to the UN report, the highest number of these people, with 1

9.6 million cases, belongs to the states of East and South Africa.

The number of HIV cases in West and Central Africa is 6.1 million, in Asia 5.2 million Pacific, 2.2 million people in Western and Central Europe and North America, 1.8 million people in Latin America, 1 , 4 million people in East and Central Asia, 0.31 million people in the Caribbean, and 0.22 million people in the Middle East and North Africa have also signed AIDS contracts. According to the Global AIDS Index, Pakistan is in 35th place with the highest number of patients affected by the disease.

According to statistics from the National AIDS Control Program, the number of HIV cases increased during the reporting period. The past year has increased by 35,000. In 2018, AIDS affected 130,000 patients, exceeding 165,000 in the current year. It is estimated that there are 20,000 cases a year, of which 60% are from Punjab. According to the NACP report, there are 75,000 cases of AIDS in Punjab, followed by 60,000 in Sindh, 16,322 in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, 5,275 in Balochistan and 6,675 in Islamabad. In addition, about 2,500 HIV patients belong to Azad Jammu and Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan.

Only 23,757 people who have been exposed to AIDS have been admitted to or receive medical treatment at various AIDS control centers in the country. Registered patients account for only 7 percent of total HIV cases in the country, of which 15, 115 are drug addicts who have had the disease with infected syringes. These patients are given ARV therapy for medical treatment.

The rate of diagnostic tests for AIDS is also ten percent lower than diagnostic tests for other diseases, triggering a general alarm among policymakers and health professionals. According to the report, 2,500 HIV-AIDS patients are registered in the capital, 11,000 in Sindar, 8,000 in Sindh, 2,370 in Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa and 1,334 in Balochistan [19659003] According to the report, there are a total of 18,220 men 4,170 women, 564 boys and 426 girls and 379 transgender persons were registered for the disease. According to the National AIDS Program, the virus has been confirmed in more than 1,000 detained prisoners across the country. The AIDS virus was found in 480 prisoners from the Punjab prisons, 296 prisoners from the Sindh prisons, 181 prisoners from Balochistan prisons and 56 KP prisoners.

The report found that more than 6,000 patients were affected by this disease and died as a result across the country. The national capital of Islamabad, Punjabs Lahore, Faisalabad, Sheikhpura, Rawalpindi, Sargodha, Rahim Yar Khan, Multan Chinniot, GD Khan and Sindh Karachi, Larkana, Hyderabad, Sukkur, Mirpurkhas, Sanghar, Qambar ShahdadPur, Benazirabad are the hardest hit by the consequences AIDS.

In Balochistan the areas Quetta, Zhob, Loralai, Pishin, Qila Saifullah, Noskhi, Qila Abdullah, Lasbela, while the areas Peshawar, Kohat, BANNU, Charsadda, Swat, Lakki Marwat, Abbottabad, Malakand Division, Mansehra, Mardan, Hangu and Chitral in the KP are among the affected cities.

According to the report, the National Aids Control Program has opened 25 Aids Treatment Centers across the country to try to prevent transmission of the AIDS virus from the mother to the baby during pregnancy. 33 HIV treatment centers have been established and 11 new treatment centers established. [Punjab, Department of Primary and Secondary Health]said the project director of the Punjab aid program,

. Asim Altaf, The Express Tribune, the program has registered in the province around 12,000 HIV patients, of which around 7,500 receive free medical treatment. He highlighted that the program has taken various initiatives to prevent and halt or halt new HIV infections and to improve the health and quality of life of people living with HIV in Punjab.

Dr. Altaf emphasized that Punjab is the first province in Pakistan that has done so founded a BSL-3 Advanced Diagnostics Laboratory that offers a complete service package, is equipped with the latest flow cytometry, gene expander and CD4 counter and has the capability to perform viral genotyping and HIV resistance testing to initiate or switch ART. [19659003] The program, in partnership with the Walled City Authority of Lahore (WCLA) and the Akhuwat Foundation, has initiated a project in the city's red-light district for children of unknown descent and families of high-risk people. In addition, the program has commissioned the first Pakistan clinic for transgender patients at Fountain House and has set up HIV screening centers in 38 prisons in Punjab.

The program also has a research partnership with Lahore University Management Science (LUMS) closed in bioinformatics and analysis of epidemiological data. The program offers fellowships for MPhil and PhD students dealing with HIV and has provided training to health care providers on HIV treatment, counseling and reduction in 15 districts of the DHQ, THQ and teaching hospitals across Punjab.

He further highlighted the program to provide services to 22,709 injecting drug users with the highest HIV / AIDS prevalence (between 20 and 35%). The program registered all drug users injecting drug users during a mass investigation in jail, and under the National Aid Control Program, a national rehabilitation program is being run by Nai Zindagi.

Similarly, 13,461 transgender people are cared for. The program works with the Akhuwat Khawaja Rehab Program and the Khawaja Sara Society of Pakistan.

Dr. Altaf said the program also provides services to bridge the population associated with these vulnerable segments. The program tested 25,786 bus and truck drivers at 20 locations in 14 cities. In 2017-18, over 89,009 prison inmates covering all prisons were examined. This is an ongoing activity that is ongoing in various districts. The program has also screened 174,000 TB patients for HIV, including at Sentinel sites. For the general population, Health Weeks and other awareness programs have been organized under the program. In 2018, 667,424 people were tested for HIV as part of a mass screening campaign.

Protection

The prevention of sexual indiscretion is paramount. If a syringe needs to be injected, make sure the syringe is new. Blood transfusion should only be performed if necessary and after ensuring that the blood is free of HIV. AIDS does not spread by shaking hands, eating and walking with an AIDS patient. There is therefore no reason to run away from this disease.

If treatment is not performed after the diagnosis of the HIV virus, the risk of other diseases such as a bacterial infection, cancer, phlebitis and scrofulous increases. The HIV virus can not currently be treated but only controlled so that the patient can live a healthy life. There are 33 HIV AIDS centers offering free trials and medicines.

Aids disease is spreading due to a virus called HIV, also called a virus, which makes the body's immune system unusable. It is usually disseminated because of sexual indiscretion or the use of an affected syringe or equipment, such as the skin, nose, ear, and the tingling sensation used in dental care. Devices used to cut or shave hair or during surgery may also spread this virus if affected. AIDS is the last stage of the HIV virus. If HIV is not treated, the immune system is destroyed and it takes on the form of AIDS.

The first symptom of AIDS can be a cold, which is usually ignored. An AIDS patient seems to be healthy for months or even years. The patient gradually becomes an AIDS patient. Other important symptoms include more than 10% weight loss in a short time or diarrhea or fever that persists for more than a month.


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