AUSTIN, Texas – An attorney, a teacher, a doctoral student, and a student gathered in the sixth-floor courtroom one afternoon to discuss their shared dreams and nightmares.
The dreams are of a future in the United States full of university degrees and successful careers, home ownership and happy families.
The nightmares are that they lose their college loans, driver's licenses, jobs – and the only country they are at home in.
"In a way, it feels very surreal," said 25-year-old Anayeli Marcos, who plans to graduate from the University of Texas flagship campus here in May, with dual master's degrees in social work and Latin American studies. "Sometimes it's a bit overwhelming to feel that your fate is in the hands of people you do not know."
The Supreme Court will have the fate of these four "dreamers" and about 660,000 others in their hands on Tuesday, when the Trump government's decision on the discontinuation of the program "Deferred Action for New Arrivals in Children" will be decided , which is a compensation for some immigrant immigrants immigrated to the United States as a child. A decision on the DACA program is expected to be taken next spring in the presidential elections of 2020.
In Austin, Texas state officials challenged the original DACA challenge and an unfortunate effort by President Barack Obama to extend similar protections. For 4 million undocumented parents, Pedro Villalobos' job as deputy district attorney is at risk.
The state argues in court records that "Congress has never granted executive authorization to give lawful presence to aliens whom it does not wish to remove, let alone provide benefits such as work permits, health care, unemployment and a path to Citizenship. "
Villalobos, who sits in a district courtroom he regularly uses to prosecute, said defeat at the Supreme Court" would end my service to this community. "
"I represent the state, but the state does not represent me," he said.
Karen Reyes, a preschool teacher, has scheduled her two-year DACA renewal for next year's Christmas holidays. If not granted, the school system can replace her without interruption.
"We live our lives two years in a row," said Reyes, 31, despite the fact that "I do not even have a parking ticket for my name."
Vanessa Rodriguez, the youngest of the group at age 21, has shelved her plans after graduating from the University of Texas, as her work permit could disappear with the DACA.
"Being undocumented means knowing that you have to plan," she said. "Will I be able to finance myself in the next phase of my life?"
Surgeons and Rhodes scholars
The three cases in the Supreme Court Act that have been summarized include:
• They are an important struggle for power sharing between the executive and legislative branches the government. Obama has created the program without Congressional contribution. With Texas at the forefront, the Trump administration argues that this was illegal.
"As Attorney General, I'm responsible for law and constitution," said Texas Attorney General Ken Paxton TODAY in the US. "No president has the power to change the law just because he's upset that Congress has not put his favored laws into force, which is not only stubborn and childish, but, more importantly, destroys it the separation of powers, the basis of the constitutional government. "
• They represent the third major immigration struggle to reach the court where the Trump administration used its changing justifications. The court ultimately upheld President Donald Trump's travel ban on several majority Muslim nations last year, but this year blocked his efforts to put a citizenship issue to the 2020 census on the spot by the Obama administration. The President failed to abolish the Affordable Care Act, but successfully completed Obama's Clean Power Plan, his signed climate policy.
• Even if Trump wins, the victories may just be a bargaining chip in negotiations with Congress, where he could offer to extend the DACA protection against an increase in funds for a border wall to Mexico.
But none of these reasons has attracted as much attention as the "dreamers" themselves, many of whom had previously come to America. They were able to walk or talk. About 80% of them are from Mexico. Almost 10% more came from El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras. Nearly 200,000 live in California, another 100,000 in Texas.
These include graduates of the Ivy League and a Rhodes scholar from South Korea, an orthopedist and a Catholic priest. Apple alone employs 443 DACA receivers, including Kevin Gomez, a self-described technology expert.
] "We are definitely not bad hombres" coming to the United States "to take jobs away or just live off the government," Gomez said in an interview on the Apple campus in Austin, referring to the shameful caricature of illegal immigrants.
Few cases come to the Supreme Court where one side enjoys such one-sided support.
Almost every federal court examining this issue has prevented the administration from completing the DACA program. The US Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circle, based in California and a continuing thorn in the eye of Trump, mocked efforts to deport "impeccable and economically productive young people with clean criminal records" signaled a possible victory for the White House, but like that wins would be decisive. If the judges say Trump has the same discretion to end the program that Obama created, a future president could just as easily renew it. If they agree with the Justice Department that it is unlawful, Congress would have to intervene.
Against the government are lawyers representing California, New York, the District of Columbia and a number of "dreamers". Nearly three dozen legal briefs have been submitted on their side by groups representing large corporations, educators, religious institutions, trade unions, law enforcement and national security, and immigration and civil rights organizations.
"This decision is undoubtedly life changing to nearly 700,000 DACA participants and their families," the California State Regents told the court.
During the two-year ordeal, the "dreamers" were their own best advocates. Dozens of them set off from New York City to Washington, DC two weeks ago. Others fly out of California, Texas, and elsewhere to sit in court, demonstrate outside, and support members of the congress.
Among them will be Diego Corzo, who came from Peru 20 years ago at the age of 9. Today, he is an Austin-based broker and investor with real estate in three states and a TEDx lecture titled "Can the American Dream Be Realized If You're Not an American?" 19659002] Corzo vividly recalls Attorney General Jeff Sessions's announcement in 2017 when he said DACA had "denied hundreds of thousands of Americans jobs by allowing the same illegal aliens to take over these jobs."
Said Corzo, who was sitting at a local Starbucks. "He said I denied Jobs to Americans. I said: 'No, my effort did it. & # 39;
Not all undocumented immigrants await the decision of the Supreme Court. 22-year-old Olga Canastuj, whose Guatemalan parents brought her from Mexico when she was three years old, decided to be adopted by her uncle when he became a US citizen. Now she has a green card and three part-time jobs looking after preschool children, running an out-of-school program and teaching online English lessons.
The adoption "was the only solution" for herself and her older brother, Canastuj said during a lunch of tortillas and black beans. "DACA is very helpful, but we are always looking for something more."