Turkey has launched a major military operation in northeastern Syria.
President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said the offensive, which began with air strikes on Tuesday, aimed to remove Kurdish-led troops from the border area and create a "safe zone" for millions of Syrian refugees to be returned.  More:
The move took place after the US announced its intention to withdraw its troops from the region and to leave the Syrian Democratic Armed Forces (SDF) ., Its ally in the fight against the Islamic State of Iraq and the armed Levant (ISIL or ISIS), without the support of the US military.
The SDF, led by the Kurdish People's Protection Units (YPG), appealed to the US and its allies calling for a "no-fly zone" to protect them from Turkish air strikes Turkey regards the YPG as a "terrorist" group.
Here are the latest updates:
Thursday, October 1
The SDF announced that it has stopped the advance of the Turkish military.
A Kurdish-led group and Syrian activists claimed that despite the heavy barrage, the Turkish troops had made little progress on several fronts they had opened in the last few hours.
However, their claims could not be independently verified and the situation on the ground was difficult to assess.
Mustafa Bali, a spokesman for the Kurdish-led Syrian Democratic Forces, said its fighters had warded off ground attacks by Turkish forces.
"No progress now," he tweeted on Thursday.
Turkey uses "air power" to push through the border.  Al Jazeera's Zeina Khodr said that the Turkish military is using both air strikes and artillery bombardments to attack the defense of Kurdish-led Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), mainly along the border.
"We still do not know how much progress Turkish soldiers and their local allies – the opposition [Free Syrian Army] – have made, but according to officials and ministries of defense, the operation is going smoothly," Khodr said in Turkish Border town Akcakale.
The SDF Khodr said they were numerically superior and no longer had firearms, and that the flat terrain would facilitate the Turkish army's advance. The first phase of the operation focuses on the 100-kilometer area between two Syrian border towns: Tal Abyad and Ras al-Ain.
The Turkish Ministry of Defense gave a short video about its deployed commands, and the Turkish jets and artillery had hit 181 targets east of the Euphrates in Syria since the beginning of the operation.
No starting signal for Turkish operations: Pompeo
US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said Washington has not given Ankara "green light" for a military offensive in Syria.
"That's just wrong," he said in an interview with the PBS broadcaster, but responded only to the statement that Turkey has a "legitimate security concern."
"You have a terrorist threat to their south," Pompeo said. "We have made every effort to ensure that we do everything in our power to prevent the terrorist threat in Turkey, while trying to achieve what is in the best interests of the US: the threat of the radical Islamic terrorism emanating from Syria. " 19659005] Pompeo said the US would leave Syria for having achieved its goal of eliminating the control of the territory by ISIL, in which the SDF played a significant role.
"We will continue to be able to do what we do I must do something to protect the American people as best they can from this threat," he said.
Turkish lira stable after Syria offensive begins
The Turkish lira was stable against the dollar on Thursday after Turkish troops and their Syrian rebel allies launched a ground operation overnight against a Kurdish militia in northeastern Syria.
The lira barely changed at 04:21 GMT, compared to one day earlier when it closed at 5,8679. It had been weakened by 0.5 percent on Wednesday, when the operation began with air raids.
US Air Forces denounce the task of "wild ally"
US Air Force Major Jason Baker, who flew combat missions and assisted Kurdish-led ground forces in the fight against ISIL in 2016 – wrote in a statement in the US today that the SDF was crucial to the victory over the armed group in northern Syria.
"The Kurds have consistently demonstrated their ability as disciplined, effective combat troops and their commitment to stable, moderate governance that is so lacking in the region … The [US] administration's plan to give it up now would not be just a reversal of the long-established policy, but also such a betrayal of one of America's few faithful regional partners. "
Australia worried about Turkish operations, resurgence of ISIL
Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison said Thursday he had Contact with The Turkish and US governments admitted overnight that they were worried about the situation in Syria after Ankara announced a military operation.
"We are very concerned about what this could potentially mean for the Kurdish people," he said.
] "We are concerned about what this could mean for the potential for the resurgence of Daesh," he added using the Arabic abbreviation for ISIL.
You can find more updates here
Al Jazeera and news agencies