When you see a night sky through a telescope, you can see many beautiful things, including many glowing stars that are far away from us. But there is also something that hides between them and him. If we could get out of our solar system, we could get stuck with a kind of heavy oil. In a new study he discovered that the interstellar space is full of small particles of dust and that greasy noise can pose a threat to a future space mission.
You may be wondering why we can even see stars that are far away. If there is so much dust in space, the answer is pretty simple: Dust in space is actually just a fine mist of dust particles, some of them This greasy coal dust is, but it is not so thin. It can affect our ability to see light from distant objects. Between the celestial bodies add these dust particles and all this leads the scientists to a large amount.
In space there are many fats. Our Milky Way alone has access to 1
This grease is not what you want to spread on a slice of toast, "said Chemist Tim Schmidt of the University of New South Wales (UNSW) in Australia
" It's dirty, probably poisonous, and forms only in the environment of interstellar space (and our laboratory). It is also fascinating that organic material of this kind – material that is integrated into planetary systems – is so abundant.
Researchers at UNSW and Ege University in Turkey are trying to pinpoint the existence of carbon in interstellar space.
As we know, carbon is an important ingredient in organic life – all known life forms on Earth exist made of carbon – but we're not sure how much carbon is present in interstellar space.
Only half of the expected carbon in its pure form floats around, the rest of the carbon is one or two forms: aromatic like mothballs, the researchers said
In order to better understand how much carbon is in interstellar space, a team of researchers in the lab created a space-dust analog to find out its composition.
The researchers create the outflows of carbon stars, creating organic molecules by expanding the carbon-loaded plasma into a low-temperature vacuum and studied the resulting material.
An aliphatic carbon produces a specific infrared spectral absorption feature when viewed in contrast to a background radiation source. With the help of magnetic resonance and spectroscopy, the team was able to determine how exactly their laboratory-produced material harmonized with the dusty fat present there.
"Because we then have it in our hands, we were able to use a variety of techniques to find out how much this greasy carbon absorbs light," Schmidt told the ABC.
"And then we can tell you how much carbon is in the line of sight to different stars, and then that gives us a picture of how much carbon there is in total in space."
The result is that there are nearly 100 dusty carbon atoms per million hydrogen atoms, and the greasy carbon represents about a quarter and half of all available carbon atoms in the Universe
But there is still a sizeable proportion of carbon in the moth-ball-like form.
Finding the amount of aromatic carbon in interstellar space is the researchers' next job at Figu
This will be a difficult task, but the results will be worthwhile: when we figure out how much carbon is in interstellar space, It will help to get accurate calculations for the remaining carbon content and accessible for the formation of life out there.
Tags: greasy loop, universe