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The US discards 3,500 donated kidneys each year: Report



Thousands of donated kidneys are thrown away each year in the United States. This is the result of a new study, although there are currently around 93,000 people on the waiting list to receive the organ.

The study published on Monday The journal JAMA Internal Medicine found that the US shed about 3,500 kidneys from deceased donors every year. The reason? The kidneys are considered inferior – from older and "comorbid" donors, the researchers said US and France over a period of 10 years from January 2004 to December 2014. In the end, they found that the rate of recidivism of deceased donor kidneys in the US about twice as high was like in France.

More specifically, 1

56,089 kidneys collected from deceased donors in the US, 128,102 kidneys were transplanted while 27,987 were discarded (about 17.9 percent). Meanwhile, 27,252 of the 29,984 kidneys from deceased donors were transplanted in France during the same period, while only 2,732 were discarded – about 9.1 percent.

The researchers then used a computer simulation model to determine how many of them were affected. The discarded kidneys in the US would have been used in France.

"Guidelines designed to improve the acceptance of donated kidneys in the US could significantly increase the number of kidney transplants and bring the benefits of transplantation to thousands of waiting times for patients," the researchers concluded.
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"We applied the French distribution model to the population of deceased US donor kidneys and found that 17,435 [62 percent] of the kidneys thrown away in the US were instead transplanted to the French system. Researchers wrote:

"We also found that a revised system of more aggressive organ-acceptance practices in the United States over an observation period of 10 years would produce an additional 132,445 allograft years of life," they added.

Researchers each year, about 5,000 people in the US die from kidney transplants.

"Greater acceptance of kidney-derived donors who are older and more likely to suffer from comorbidities could bring significant survival benefits to the population of waiting patients in the US ", They stated.

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In addition, they argue in comparison to dialysis – a treatment is not usually used when patients lose 85 to 90 percent of their kidney function – even the "lowest quality kidneys" can extend a patient's life span.

"Guidelines designed to improve donor kidney acceptance in the US could lead to a significant increase in the number of kidney transplants and the benefits of transplantation for thousands of waiting patients," the researchers concluded.


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