THE HAGUE (Reuters) – Iranian lawyers will petition the International Court of Justice on Monday for abandoning the US to lift the Trump government's sanctions on Tehran.
FILE PHOTO: The Iranian National Flags are on display in a square in Tehran February 10, 2012. REUTERS / Morteza Nikoubazl / Archive Photo
The lawsuit filed with the ICJ, also known as the World Court, states US sanctions damage the already weak economy, violate the terms of a little-known 1
The United States, which will formally reply in oral submissions on Tuesday, must still give a public answer.
U.S. Lawyers are expected that the United Nations General Court should not have jurisdiction in the dispute, that the Friendship Treaty is no longer valid, and that the sanctions that Washington has imposed on Tehran will not violate it.
The hearing, in essence, a request from Iran for a preliminary decision, will take four days to follow with a decision within a month.
The ICJ is the United Nations International Settlement Body. Their judgments are binding, but they have no power to enforce them, and in rare cases have been ignored by some countries, including the United States.
U.S. President Donald Trump has withdrawn from a pact between Iran and the five permanent members of the UN Security Council in 2015, and his government has then announced unilateral plans to restore sanctions against Tehran.
Under the 2015 agreement, which Trump regards as flawed, Iran has halted its controversial nuclear program under US surveillance, in return for the lifting of international sanctions.
Although the United States European allies have protested against Trump, most western companies intend to abide by the sanctions, preferring to lose business in Iran rather than being punished by the US or doing business there ,
The ICJ has so far ruled that the 1955 treaty is still valid, although it was signed long before the Islamic Revolution of 1979, which triggered decades of hostile relations with Washington.
Letter from Toby Sterling; Edited by David Goodman