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Home / Science / The world is being prepared for the race into space – Space Race, Redux

The world is being prepared for the race into space – Space Race, Redux



  Space race, redux

Space race, redux

Six decades after the overthrow of the former Soviet Union in the space race by the launch of the Soyuz rocket In the US, a new round is shining to have reached a critical mass from tournaments. While the Trump administration is planning a controversial space shuttle and NASA wants to intensify its exploration of Mars and space, PM Narendra Modi has announced a human space mission by 2022. In Space Race 2.0, private players are also looking beyond the sky. Here is a low point on the big flight.

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Agencies

  USA

USA

History: After losing the race to be the first country to have a human in space, Nasa won in July 1969 the people on the moon. From then on, the US made space leaps with reusable spacecraft, Mars, Saturn and Sun reconnaissance programs.

The Flames: Space ferries have proved deadly. Challenger exploded shortly after launch and in 2003 Columbia disbanded and ended the Space Shuttle Mission and America's manned space program. Since then, NASA has focused its energies on more distant planets, but it has also seen some of its space thunder stolen by private companies that floundered with money and massive ambitions.

Now In Focus: The International Space Station of the US, Russia and others, has been in operation since 2000. The country has now sought a craft to land people on Mars and develop plans to bring people back into space and unmanned space research units. It is expected that the NASA InSight Mars machine will land on the planet at the end of November this year. The country's vice president, Mike Pence, announced plans for a space shuttle in August to seemingly monitor the sky.

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Agencies

  Russia

Russia

History: The USSR was the first country to launch a human into space. In 1969, when Neil Armstrong stepped onto the lunar surface, he lost something to the top of the USA. But the USSR scored in 1986 with the launch of the space station Mir (pictured), which survived the Republic itself. I became a legend and has several premieres to thank.

The Flames: The country's space program had several problems from the mid-1960s to the early 1970s, when several versions of the Soyuz spacecraft suffered fatal crashes. The proton rockets failed in 2013 and 2014. Since then, the government has stepped up its control over the space program and combined two units of space into one unit.

Now In Focus: Now it is time to provide key components to the International Space Station, make a lunar orbiter and a Venus lander. A Mars mission is also planned. It also wants to build a new family of rockets and piloted spacecraft. In mid-August, the US called out the "abnormal" behavior of a Russian satellite, which was feared it could be used as a deadly weapon from outer space. Russia denied any plans.

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AFP


  China

China

History: Faced with two giants on the sidelines of the space war, China decided to build up its own capabilities, starting with its first Rocket in 1970 and to the Shenzhou Space Craft in 1999. The Chinese Lunar Exploration Program was launched in 2007. The country's space station, Tiangong 1, crashed earlier this year, lost to ground teams Control of the space station

The Flame Outbreaks: The third country that brings a human into space has been out of Nasa for safety reasons since 2011 -Coordinated initiatives. The crash of the heavy rocket Long March was a setback.

Now In Focus: A series of missiles is launched that could lead to a manned spacecraft in five years. It plans to launch several lunar missions and global coverage for its BeiDou navigation system by 2020. It also wants to capture an asteroid and has a mission planned for Mars.

Pictured: Shenzhou-11 manned spacecraft carrying astronaut Jing Haipeng and Chen Dong explode from Launchpad in Jiuquan, China, October 17, 2016.

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  India

India

History: Beginning with the Arybhatta satellite in 1975, India has steadily expanded its space ambitions. With the success of the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle and the Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle, the targets of the Indian launchers have increased enormously. Its satellite ambitions have been extended to a regional satellite navigation system launched two years ago.

The flameouts: The Indian Space Research Agency has had to deal with two failures and up to eight relapses in the past year until 1979.

Now in Focus: The goal is to have one by 2022 manned space flight to launch and land missions on the Moon, Venus and Mars. Chandrayan 2, India's second lunar mission, is scheduled to launch early next year

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Agencies

  ESA (Europe)

ESA (Europe)

History: Europe's spaceflight goes back to 1960, when the first provisional pact was signed to found a joint space agency. The European Space Agency today has 22 member countries and more than 120 satellite launches.

The flameouts: Like other agencies, the ESA was confronted with a number of battles: an Earth observation mission of the cluster was not launched in 1996, a Mars lander crashed due to data errors.

Now In Focus: Beyond the interest in immediate space and the moon, the ESA plans to reach Venus, Mars, and Jupiter and advance into space.

Pictured: Aeolus Windsatellit, an ESA satellite used to measure Earth's global wind patterns.

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  Corporate Interests

Corporate Interests

According to Deal-Tracker Space Angels, in 2017 alone, investors invested nearly $ 4 billion in space projects.

Company: SpaceX

Founded: May 2002 Founder: Elon Musk

Focus & Progress: Enable cheaper space flights with reusable vehicles. Has Falcon launcher and dragon spacecraft designed to accomplish his goals. The company has raised over $ 1.5 billion to fuel its space ambitions, and has received orders from NASA and a $ 130 million US Air Force contract to launch Falcon missile military satellites.

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  Blue Origin

Blue Origin

Founded: September 2000 Founder: Jeff Bezos.

Focus & Progress: Almost two decades after the company was founded It is slowly moving towards taking passengers to space by the end of the year. Tickets may cost $ 20,000 to $ 30,000 per person. This company, which is estimated to receive $ 1 billion from Bezos annually, has developed a number of spacecraft to meet those plans. It works with both NASA and Darpa in space and craft programs.

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Agencies

  Stratolaunch

Stratolaunch

Founded: 2011 Founder: Paul Allen

Focus and Advancement: The Microsoft co-founder has spent hundreds of millions of dollars developing a range of aircraft to transport satellites and other payloads. Allen told Wired that his company would charge $ 30 million, or half of the fees reported by SpaceX, for launching satellites into orbit. A medium-sized rocket called Kraken will be operational by 2022, the outsider entrepreneur claimed. It is also planned to fly astronauts into space.

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  Virgin Galactic

Virgin Galactic

Founded: 2004 Founder: Richard Branson

Focus & Progress: The company wants to provide a high-speed ride for wealthy space tourists and a craft to deliver small payloads to businesses. The progress was spotty. The starts were often postponed and a catastrophic accident of the first vehicle drove the program back. In 2017, the small satellite launch business was spun off into its own company. Branson has contacted around 700 would-be space tourists, each paying $ 250,000.

Text: Rahul Sachitanand

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