The new recommendations are short and simple.
S Children – infants up to the age of five – should drink.
On the list: breast milk, baby food, water and whole milk.
Not on the list: juice or anything else.
The reasons: Sugar-laden drinks, even real juice, are harmful to the teeth and are known to contribute significantly to the country's increasing obesity epidemic and fatal heart disease. Since children's drinking habits can be detected early on, as they like the wonderful taste that is brought to them, the containment of sugar has a real impact right from the start.
"Nearly 40,000 people in the US die every year from heart problems from over-consumption of sugary drinks," said Nancy Brown, CEO of the American Heart Association, one of the groups supporting the new recommendations. "This is unhealthy and unacceptable, and the seismic change in our culture that is necessary to change this status quo must begin with our children."
Sugary drinks, even real juice, are harmful to the teeth and contribute
The new recommendations only suggest breastmilk or baby food for infants up to six months. From six to twelve months, small sips of water can be introduced. Children aged 1 to 3 years can drink one to four cups of water a day.
Cow's milk can only be introduced when a child is one year old, experts say, and is best done in consultation with a pediatrician. It should be low in fat or low in fat and not flavored or sweetened. Here you will find the complete guidelines, which also advise against non-dairy products such as almond, rice and oat milk due to lack of nutrition.
What? Every juice is bad?
Juice, also 100% real juice, is filled with natural sugar, but the fiber from which the fruits are made is deprived. "Fiber helps regulate blood sugar metabolism," Pediatrician Karen Vargo said as early as 2017, when the American Academy of Pediatrics revised its recommendations on juice. "If you drink pure juice, your blood sugar level rises significantly because all the sugar in the juice is not fiber."
A 12 ounce glass of real orange juice (that would be a tall glass, more than a cup equals 10 teaspoons of sugar, according to Harvard researchers.) A tall glass of cranberry juice cocktail (the stuff that's not real juice, though contains about 12 teaspoons of sugar, of course.
"As a pediatrician, I know what a child drinks, and it can be almost as important to a healthy diet as it is to eat especially for very young children, "says Natalie Muth, who represented the American Academy of Pediatrics in the expert group that issued the new recommendations.
" We know that children learn at a young age which tastes they prefer nine months old – and those preferences can last into childhood and adulthood. "
If you need to give a child juice, experts say, make sure it's 100% Actual juice, at certain times – during a meal or snack For example – and limit the amount. And do not use drinking cups as this may cause language problems.
"The right choice of drinks for your child is critical to good oral health. That's why we talk about it during our first visit to the dentist, "says Kevin Donly, president of the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry, another contribution to the new guidelines. "A child with a healthy smile can eat, talk, play and learn more easily than a child with tooth decay."
The same advice applies to you
The recommendations (possibly without breastmilk) apply to older children and adults. A mountain of evidence has proved that sugary drinks are the devil when it comes to leading a long, healthy life.
Regular consumption of sugary soda and juice contributes to the development of diabetes, hypertension, and other health problems
According to a study in which 263,925 people over the age of 50 were interviewed, the frequency of depression in sweetened beverages is also higher. year period. Those who drank four sodas a day were 30% more likely to develop depression than those who did not.
People who drank sweetened drinks tended to eat less fruit, vegetables, yogurt, fiber-rich bread, and fish, as another study found. And even those who prefer diet drinks still manage to eat a lot of bad food.
A study of 22,000 adults in the US found that people who drink diet drinks seem to compensate for the lack of calories by loading them with sugary foods. Sodium, fat and cholesterol. "It may be that people who consume diet drinks feel entitled to eat more, and therefore resort to a muffin or bag of fries," said study leader Ruopeng An, a professor of kinesiology and public health at the University of Illinois. "Or maybe, to feel satisfied, they feel compelled to eat more of these high-calorie foods."
Research earlier this year found that children and adolescents who drink low-calorie sweetened beverages consume an additional 200 calories per day compared to those who drink water. "Our findings suggest that water should be the best choice for children and adolescents," said study director Allison Sylvetsky, a lecturer in exercise and nutrition at the Milken Institute School of Public Health at George Washington University.
Sugary drinks are indeed a matter of life and death.
A study this month in the journal JAMA Internal Medicine which contained data on 451,743 individuals, found that two daily servings of sweetened soft drinks – whether sweetened with sugar or artificial sweeteners – was associated with a higher risk of dying Comparison compared to persons who abstain from this.