Hubble's advanced survey camera identified a series of ultra-distant galaxy clusters that allow us to investigate whether dark energy is a cosmological constant or not." These ultra-strong clusters show star formation rates far greater than those Clusters we are seeing today: Despite the amazing image quality, the picture for the Top 10 Hubble images of 2018 failed. NASA, ESA, J. Blakeslee, M. Postman, and G. Miley / STScI  Since its launch in 1990, Hubble has revolutionized our view of the universe year after year.
Astronaut Story Musgrave on an EVA with the Hubble Space Telescope: The telescope suffered a setback at the beginning of the year with the recent gyroscope failure, but scientists were able to do it again on the right track, where it is now watching the universe again with incredibly high precision. NASA / STS-61
K another observatory teaches us so much.
The full UV-IR composite of the XDF is the largest ever published image of the distant universe. In a region just 1 / 32,000,000th of the sky, we found 5,500 identifiable galaxies, all thanks to the Hubble Space Telescope. Hundreds of the remotest you see here are not accessible, even at the speed of light, due to the inexorable expansion of space. This picture was perhaps the best that was released in 2013, but Hubble has more to reveal. NASA, ESA, H. Teplitz and M. Rafelski (IPAC / Caltech), A. Koekemoer (STScI), R. Windhorst (Arizona State University) and Z. Levay (STScI)
offers them 28 years later still unique spectacular scientific sights.
This is a Hubble Space Telescope from the Galaxy NGC 1277. The galaxy is uniquely considered a relic of how galaxies were in the early Universe. The galaxy consists exclusively of aging stars that were born 10 billion years ago. Unlike other galaxies in the local universe, however, it did not experience any further star formation. These & # 39; red and dead & # 39; Galaxies are most often released from gas when passing through dense galaxy clusters such as NGC 1277 here. It also contains a supermassive black hole a thousand times that of the center of our Milky Way galaxy. There are still puzzles to solve about this galaxy and the Perseus cluster it inhabits. NASA, ESA, M. Beasley (Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias) and P. Kehusmaa
10.) NGC 1277: This spiral galaxy has not formed stars for 11 billion years and lost its gas by accelerating its cluster.
A single monstrous star, Herschel 36, shines as bright as 200,000 suns in the heart of the Lagoon Nebula. While visible light (L) shows the presence of gas and dust at different temperatures and consists of different elements, the infrared view on the right shows the incredible abundance of stars located behind the fog in the visible part of the spectrum. These stars within the nebula can not be fully resolved by Hubble, but James Webb's upcoming space telescope can successfully see through all the dust. NASA, ESA and STScI
9.) The Lagoon Nebula: In visible and infrared light, the gaseous collapse races against the vaporization forces of newborn stars.
This year, we've learned that a combination of factors such as dynamic friction, uneven warming, and gravitational interactions with moons cause Saturn's rings to decay and evaporate. The rings formed nearly 200 million years ago and will disappear in another 100 million years. Today, however, Hubble can optimally look at the rings and the gaps and dividing lines every year on opposition, which occurred in June 2018 when this picture was taken. NASA, ESA, A. Simon (GSFC) and the OPAL team and J. DePasquale (STScI)
8.) Saturn in contrast: despite its vaporized rings, Saturn's faces still dazzle.
In 2018, when Mars was the densest and brightest In Earth terms, a dust storm that covered the planet made most surface features, especially in the northern hemisphere, virtually invisible. This event, which competes with the 2001 Dust Storm, has probably killed the opportunity rover permanently and is one of the great truths of our astronomical undertakings: even when dealing with other planets, we will be forever exposed to natural weather events. NASA, ESA, and STScI
7.) A Morning Dust Storm: Angry for months and ending with the end of Opportunity, this dust storm could be the largest in recorded Mars history.
Two massive galaxy clusters – Abell S1063 (left)) and MACS J0416.1-2403 (right) – show a gentle blue haze called intracluster light embedded in countless galaxies. The intracluster light is generated by orphan stars that no longer belong to a single galaxy. They were thrown out during a violent galaxy interaction and now drift freely through the galaxy clusters. This intracluster light fits in well with a map of mass distribution throughout the cluster's gravitational field. This makes the blue "ghost light" a good indicator of how invisible dark matter is distributed in the cluster. NASA, ESA, and M. Montes (University of New South Wales)
6.) Diffused Intracluster Starlight: The blue nebula trapped in these galaxy clusters represents the total mass.
On the left, the nearby galaxy Messier 100 is viewed in the early 1990s with Hubble's original Wide Field and Planetary Camera 1, giving an impressive image. The problems with the primary mirror were first resolved. On the right, Wide Field Camera 3, the latest main camera installed on Hubble, shows how much improvements in instrumentation result in improvements in image material and resolution. NASA, ESA and Judy Schmidt
5.) Messier 100: Pictures with Hubble's original and modern camera show the power of upgrades.
Hubble photographed the Ghost Nebula, which has sinister, semitransparent gas and dust veils that seem to flow from one direction to the other. The scary-looking fog is 550 light-years away in the constellation Cassiopeia. The dust is illuminated by a very bright star, Gamma Cassiopeiae, which is located above and to the right of the image shown here. NASA, ESA and STScI; Acknowledgment: H. Arab (University of Strasbourg)
4.) Ghost Nebula: Hubble's most sinister place reveals dust and reflected light.
These six images represent a variety of star-forming regions present in nearby galaxies. The galaxies are part of the Hubble Space Telescope's Legacy ExtraGalactic UV Survey (LEGUS), the sharpest, most comprehensive ultraviolet irradiation of star-forming galaxies in the nearby universe designed to show how young stars radiate today. ] NASA, ESA, and the LEGUS Team
3.) LEGUS galaxies: nearby stellar galaxies reveal the ultraviolet light of the universe.
The galaxy cluster Abell 370 shown here was one of the six massive galaxy clusters in the Hubble Frontier Fields program. As other large observatories were used to map this region of the sky, thousands of extremely distant galaxies were discovered. By re-observing with a new scientific goal, Hubble uses the BUFFALO program (Beyond Extreme Boundaries and Legacy Observations) to gain distance to these galaxies so that we can better understand how galaxies formed, developed, and grew up in our Universe. NASA, ESA, A. Koekemoer (STScI), M.Jauzac (Durham University), C. Steinhardt (Niels Bohr Institute), and the BUFFALO team
2. Abell 370: these massive, distant cluster gravitational lenses provide the backlight, with Hubble revealing the distances to thousands of galaxies.
On October 27, 2018, after three weeks in safe mode, Hubble targeted a field of star-forming galaxies 11 billion light years away. Observations like these will teach us how the universe has formed stars throughout its history and produced our cosmos for visible light. NASA, ESA and A. Shapley (UCLA)
1.) Welcome back After his gyro failure, this was Hubble's first image taken on his return.
Most mundane Monday tells the scientific story of an astronomical miracle in pictures, pictures and not more than 200 words. Less speech; more smile.