Thanks to the clever work of scientists from the European Space Agency (ESA), we now know that the North Pole looks like the sun.
The poles of the earth are no longer unknown and mysterious, but the poles of the sun are a completely different matter. The only satellite mission to fly over the sun masts – Ulysses in the mid-1990s – did not have imaging tools.
The newly created image, shared by ESA on Monday, is only an approximation of the Sun's North Pole, but it's no less intriguing than reality. Due to the lack of image data from the solar masts (most satellite missions focus on observing lower latitudes), scientists have created artificial images by extrapolating from the image data collected by the Proba-2 satellite. It's a tedious process, and Monday's eye-catching image is the result of months of hard work and dozens of iterations. Here is a larger view:
Image: ESA / Royal Observatory of Belgium
The knowledge about the solar pylons is for the exploration of several open study areas in relation to the sun, such as coronal holes, of importance of the plasmatic aura surrounding the sun are colder, darker and have a lower density than the rest of the corona.
ESA's artificial images of Sun's solar poles will continue to improve, but we must wait for ESA's Solar Orbiter 2020 mission to get first-hand image data of the geographic extremes of the Sun.
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