Thousands of demonstrators flooded streets in Spanish cities after a court convicted a group of men of gang raping of an 18-year-old girl during the 2016 Running of the Bulls festival.
Instead, the three convicts in Pamplona, northern Spain, who condemned the five raped men on Thursday, found the men of the lesser crime of "constant sexual abuse" guilty, according to CNN. In contrast to a rape charge, sexual assault charges indicate that violence or intimidation was not involved in the robbery.
Judges' verdict led protesters to protest in droves outside the Pamplona courthouse and denounce the sexual abuse conviction as unjust.
Amnesty International Spanish Chapter said the judges' decision makes women responsible for their rapists.
"The lack of legal recognition that sexual relations without consent constitute rape promotes the idea that we as women have the responsibility to protect ourselves from rape," the organization wrote on Facebook in Spanish. "These settings are dangerous and have to change."
The attackers are known in Spain as "La Manada" or "Wolf Pack", named after the title of a WhatsApp chat group, the four of the five men. Prior to the festival, members of the chat group were discussing sedatives against women to rape them, according to The Telegraph.
After the attack, members of the "Wolf Pack" boasted that the men "f *** a girl between five" and had footage to prove it. CNN reported that one of the men in a text concluded that the festival was an "amazing journey".
The attack took place two years ago during the famous festival of San Fermin in Pamplona. While testifying against the men last year, the victim said the five men she did not know led her through a doorway, raped her, abducted her phone and fled, reported Public Radio International
The men had a portion of Filmed on their mobile phones, resulting in seven videos with a total of 96 seconds of footage being viewed during the process.
The wife was later found lying on a bench, according to The Guardian. She filed a report with the police and the five men were arrested the next day.
The attack dominated the local media for two years and sparked a Spanish version of the Me Too on violence against women in the countryside
Following the verdict, protesters protested the courthouse of Pamplona and the cities of Alicante, Barcelona and Madrid
The attackers José Ángel Prenda, Alfonso Cabezuelo, Antonio Manuel Guerrero, Jesús Escudero and Ángel Boza were sentenced to nine years imprisonment, five years probation and received 1
Over the years, Pamplona's bullfighting has been plagued with sexual assault on women, with reports ranging from violent women to violent attacks, including rape. Similar protests took place in 2015 after a 19-year-old British woman was attacked by a group of men in a bathroom during the festival. She was eventually rescued by her friends.
Days before the Wolf Pack attack in 2016, the Pamplona City Council added a warning to the festival's official rules about "sexual assault on women," according to the Telegraph.
"Sexist attacks against women of all ages and under all circumstances are being investigated and punished," said Pamplona Mayor Joseba Asiron at the time, the British newspaper said.
"San Fermín must be a feast that women can enjoy freely, safely and with joy complete equality."
Both the prosecutors and the defendant's attorney in the case of "wolf pack" said they would oppose the decision of the Judge appeal.
Inigo Mendez de Vigo, spokesman for the Spanish government, said Friday they would review the laws against sex crimes and update them if necessary, according to CNN.
"The government was, is and always will be with the victims," he said.
But after It seems as if protesters in Spain would object to that.
See photos of nationwide protests.