Home / Health / Tick-borne diseases could increase this year, officials warn

Tick-borne diseases could increase this year, officials warn

In the United States, tick-borne diseases may continue to worsen

A new commentary by the National Institute for Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) shows its perspective that tick-borne diseases may become more prominent. The article, published Wednesday in the New England Journal of Medicine, provides an expert outlook on what public health officials can do to stop this coming problem.

Tick-borne infections have increased significantly in the last decade. According to the CDC, reported cases of tick transmission have risen by more than 200% over the past 13 years. However, not all cases of tick-borne diseases are reported. For example, Lyme disease accounts for over 80 percent of human infections by ticks, and 30,000 cases are reported. However, the CDC estimates that there are 300,000 cases of tick-borne Lyme disease in the US each year. This lack of reports could be due to the fact that diagnostic tools may not be able to detect new tick-borne pathogens, and because tick-borne surveillance of the disease is being transmitted.

The NIAID team, which also includes the director of the NIAID, dr. Anthony Fauci, heard of Lyme disease comes from many factors. One is that the density of ticks in the US has increased. The ticks that carry Lyme disease have also expanded their geographic reach. In 201

5, the I xodes scapularis tick, which carries much of the Lyme disease in the northeast, was detected in nearly 50 percent more counties than researchers in 1996. [5] 19659002] Lyme disease and many other tick-borne diseases come from bacteria. However, viral infections are also a major risk and are on the rise in the United States. The Powassan virus causes febrile illness and death in 10 to 15 percent of cases. It can also lead to serious neurological disorders and 50 to 70 percent of survivors suffer from long-term symptoms. The disease was first identified in 1958. In the 48 years from 1958 to 2006, only 20 cases were reported. From 2006 to 2016, 99 cases were reported. [194559007]  Ticks Deer Adult and juvenile An adult and juvenile deer tick, Ixodes scapularis, near a US dime. In 2015, the deer tick was detected in nearly 50 percent more counties than researchers in 1996. NIAID

"However, the biggest gap is in vaccines: there is none Licensed vaccines for people who are targeting a tick-borne pathogen in the US, "they write in the comment. A lack of vaccines against tick-borne diseases means that people have little protection from bug spray and long pants.

How tick-borne diseases continue To spread and become more popular in the United States, more research and innovation is needed. The NIAID authors call for increased treatment options, improved diagnostics and the creation of effective vaccines.

Source link