The Lancet Commission, a group of 43 experts from 14 countries with a broad range of expertise, has tackled the topic with high-profile reports in 2011 and 2015, but has "little progress has been made" other than acknowledging the epidemic, the authors of the newest report argue; in fact, the problem is getting worse.
Around the world, not one country has reversed its obesity, epidemic, and often, powerful companies driven by the fact that it is "at odds with the public good and planetary health," the report says.
A syndrome is "a synergy of pandemics that co-occur," "interact and share common causes." These three pandemics represent the "paramount challenge for humans, the environment and our planet."
Together, obesity and malnutrition are the biggest cause of premature death. Globally, more than 2 billion adults and children are overweight or obese and have health problems because of it, research shows. People do not or can not exercise, and that's the fourth leading risk factor for death.
Simultaneously, the opposite problem exists. In 201
7, world hunger increased for the third consecutive year, UN research shows. Two billion struggle with micronutrient deficiencies, and the report says.
Solutions that help one could help the other. For example, if you invest in public transportation, that makes it more convenient and affordable for people to put on the table. Those who drive less and take public transportation more often and more. If fewer people drove cars, there would also be less greenhouse gas to contribute to climate change.
How do you change your health? corn, rice and wheat and redirecting that money to sustainable farming for healthier foods. Conglomerates to perpetuate unhealthy policies. Another suggestion: providing clear nutrition labels on products and adding labels to explain how sustainable food is, including how much water and carbon it took to make it. So, the authors recommend investing $ 70 billion over 10 years in a global "Food Fund" to reduce undernutrition.
The authors therefore say philanthropists should invest in additional $ 1 billion to boost social advocacy to demand solutions to these syndromes.
The Synopsis of the Syndrome "Need to be tackled, and this is a core concern," said Tim Lobstein, director of policy at the World Obesity Federation.
The authors say businesses could help lead the way, search as by investing more in sustainable energy.
"The Lancet Commission Report may just contain the right ingredients needed for a nutritionally challenged world," said Katie Dain, CEO of the Non Communicable Diseases Alliance global partnership, who which is not involved in the report. The report's message on nutrition and climate change is clear: A food system that secures a better diet for this and the immediate next generation wants save millions of lives and at the same time, so help save the planet. "
The authors hope the new report will improve, rather than take away from, people's health.
What we have now is "unsustainable, and we must act," said William H. Dietz, director of the Sumner M. Redstone Global Center for Prevention and Wellness and a professor at George Washington University. Otherwise, the planet could be "burning" within 50 years.
Corinna Hawkes, a professor at City University London who worked on the report, notes, "No question it is highly aspirational, given today's world."
But Dietz added that urgent solutions are necessary. "We are running out of time."