On July 2nd, a solar eclipse will sweep over the South Pacific and parts of South America.
In parts of Chile and Argentina, sky watchers experience a total eclipse of the sun, with the moon blocking the sun, with the exception of its wispy corona. In other parts of South America, sky watchers may observe a partial eclipse, and the sun looks as if the moon has taken a "bite" out of his face.
With this photo tutorial you can find out exactly where the eclipse is visible and what it will look like. If you are not on the way to the eclipse, read these Eclipse webcasts from various observatories on their way. Related Topics: Total Solar Eclipse 201
This map shows the path the lunar shadow takes over the Earth's surface during the Total Solar Eclipse becomes . Out of the way of totality, this map shows the percentage of the solar disk covered by the moon at maximum partial solar eclipse.
Before the solar eclipse reaches South America, it will first cross some remote islands in the Pacific. The first place to see the eclipse is Oeno Island, which has 2 minutes and 53 seconds total time from 10:24 am local time (1824 GMT). The entirety will narrowly miss Easter Island, where sky watchers see the moon cover up to 80% of the sun's disk.
The moment of the greatest eclipse will occur at a point about 2,600 km southwest of Isla Isabela in the Galapagos Islands, where the total duration is a whopping 4 minutes and 32.8 seconds. Unfortunately, this happens over open water. However, if no plane or boat passes, there are no people around to see it.
Animation of the Solar Eclipse
An animation of the total solar eclipse on July 2nd shows the way The Shadow will cross the South Pacific and South America.
Totality in South America
A more detailed map shows the path of totality over Chile and Argentina , Here you can see features such as country borders, main roads and towns along the path. The shape of the umber or the inner part of the lunar shadow is shown in 3-minute intervals and marked in the middle with the local time zones.
Totality first lands in South America near La Serena, Chile. The partial solar eclipse starts there at 15:15. Local time (1915 GMT), and the total time starts at 16:38. Local time (2038 GMT). La Serena experiences 2 minutes and 17 seconds of the totality.
From there, the eclipse moves southeast across Chile and Argentina, before disappearing into the sunset south of Montevideo, Uruguay. Most South America will experience at least a partial eclipse, but the totality of the path is only about 150 kilometers wide.
To find out the exact circumstances of the solar eclipse visibility from a specific location, check out this interactive map on timeanddate.com.
Path of Totality in Chile
This graphic shows how the solar eclipse of different places in Chile out appears. On the right an artistic impression of the whole of the La Silla Observatory of the European Southern Observatory, located north of La Serena in the Chilean Atacama Desert.
Stages of the Solar Eclipse
This timeline shows how and when the phases of total solar eclipse start at La Silla Observatory will expire.
Progression of the solar eclipse over La Silla
This ESO infographic shows the predicted path of the darkened sun in the sky over La Silla. The partial phase of the eclipse ends there shortly before sunset. Further east, the sun goes down before the eclipse is over.
Visible planets and stars
As a whole, the sky becomes so dark that stars and stars become visible at this time of year are not visible from the southern hemisphere because they are over the horizon during the daytime.
Of course, you want to spend all your time looking into the darkened sun. But if a cloud blocks your view of the corona, it's still a good reason to keep looking!
For more information about the visible stars and planets, see our Guide to Solar Eclipse Observation.
Safe Observation of the Sun
You should never ] look directly into the sun, but there are ways to safely observe a solar eclipse. See how you can safely observe a solar eclipse with this Space.com infographic.
Read more tips on solar eclipse observation:
A solar eclipse can blind you (read this information before you look at the sun!)
Eclipse glasses: sources of high quality Eyeglasses
Things I Used to Observe a Solar Eclipse, Reviewed
Coming Solar Eclipses
If you've missed the total eclipse this year, it's not too late to start planning for the next one! Here is a map of all the eclipses of the sun until 2040.