The Trump administration has decided to cancel all US funds for the United Nations aid program for Palestinian refugees. Determined to Invest the Money Where It Needs Recalculation of US Development Assistance and Prepares Its Own Israeli – Palestinian Peace Plan
In an announcement to be made within the next few weeks, the government plans to – expressing its disapproval of the way the UN Agency for Employment and Labor (UNRWA) is spending the funds and calling for a drastic cut in the number of Palestinians recognized as refugees, from more than 5 million, including descendants, to less than one-tenth of them or less, consisting of those who are still alive when the agency was founded seven decades ago, according to the well-known officials with the decision.
Such a reduction would effectively eliminate the "right of return" for most Palestinians to the disputed areas of Israel. Immediately, many regional foreign policy and security experts, including in Israel, say that the cut in UNRWA's budget, with the call for "deregistration" of refugees, exacerbates the already catastrophic humanitarian situation, especially in Gaza, and the level of Violence
In addition to its contributions to UNRWA, the United States has provided direct and bilateral assistance to the West Bank and Gaza. Last week, the State Department announced that more than $ 200 million of funds already earmarked for this year would be redirected "elsewhere." The cuts in funding, along with political shifts, including the recognition of Jerusalem as the capital of Israel, are part of a major overhaul of President Trump's Middle East policy.
While few in the region believe that the right of return could ever be fully exercised, for a long time it was considered a key issue to be negotiated in any peace agreement. The administration can not unilaterally change the UN rules on who qualifies as a refugee for UNRWA assistance ̵
The United Nations General Assembly, which has great sympathy for the Palestinians, re-affirmed the terms and conditions of UNRWA every three years by a massive majority since 1949, one year after the founding of the State of Israel, the Agency has created.
Government response, according to officials who remain anonymous Discuss the sensitive issue: If the United Nations wants the money, they must change the rules of UNRWA and how it works.
The administration turns against UNRWA, which goes beyond the definition of a refugee. "First of all, you see the fact that there are an infinite number of refugees who continue to receive assistance, but more importantly, the Palestinians continue to oppose America," said Nikki Haley, US Ambassador to the United Nations English: The Palestinian government said, Haley said: "We want to spend the UNRWA money paid for the Palestinians in the West Bank, Gaza, Jordan, Syria and the West Bank Lebanon
The government also wants other countries in the region carrying the banner of Palestinian rights to pay. "Where is Saudi Arabia? Where are the United Arab Emirates? Where is Kuwait? "Haley asked. "Are not you caring enough for the Palestinians to take care of these children?"
Although Europeans and Arab countries also contribute substantial sums of money, the United States has long been UNRWA's largest single donor. Pledged about one third of the $ 1.1 billion of budget and emergency contributions in 2017. Earlier this year, the government cut a proposed UNRWA payment of $ 130 million to $ 65 million. After the new decision this will be the last donation.
The United States is currently providing Israel nearly $ 4 billion in military aid.
While preparing his peace plan, now 18. Www.mjfriendship.de/de/index.php?op…ew&id=6 # 1991 The White House wants to take the money back from the table, because Trump said he had excluded the future of the embattled city of Jerusalem from the negotiations at the end of last year, when he declared it recognized the capital of Israel
Since the Jerusalem decision, the Palestinian Authority under President Mahmoud Abbas has refused, Jared Kushner and Jason Greenblatt, who work with the White House, and others who are working on the plan to meet. While not publishing any details, US officials have indicated that they are likely to include development aid, particularly in the Hamas-controlled Gaza Strip.
The goal, officials said, is to oust Hamas Palestinians their desire for better lives in the midst of seemingly endless struggles and hardships among the terrorist leaders, and to make it more difficult for Abbas, a Hamas rival, to push the US further ward off.
On Monday, as reports of an impending UNRWA decision circulated, Abbas' Office issued a statement accusing the government of "cutting off millions of Palestinians from their refugee status." Foreign policy first reported a US decision to end UNRWA funding.
"After blackmailing the Palestinian leadership According to the blank plan known as" Century Trading ", the Trump government is planning an immoral scandal against Palestinian refugees by the right to abolish historical rights [their] Abbas – spokesman Ahmad Shami.
In Israel, reports of UNRWA and refugee definitions sparked heated debate between those who want to see an end to the agency. They say that they perpetuate the myth that Palestinians and their descendants might someday return to the country They have lost since the founding of Israel – and those who say that the downfall of the Palestinian Authority will fuel Hamas and other extremist elements. The official position is that there is no right of return and that such a vision would lead to the final downfall of the Jewish state Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu ha It has repeatedly stated that UNRWA redistributes the problem rather than trying to resolve it, and has proposed that UNRWA be progressively integrated into the main UN refugee agency, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees.
UNHCR, said Netanyahu, has "clear criteria to support genuine refugees, not fictitious refugees, as is happening today under UNRWA."
Retired Lt. Col. Peter Lerner, a former Israeli military spokesman, expressed concern over UNRWA's widely acknowledged mistakes. A sudden move will make the situation spiral out of control. That's not good for Israel or the Palestinians. "
Aaron David Miller, director of the Middle East program at the Wilson Center and former Foreign Ministry negotiator in the region, said the defragmentation of West Bank contributions and the redefinition of Palestinian refugee status would" increase economic and social upheavals in the West Bank , Expanding opportunities for Hamas influence there and. , , Security issues for the Israelis, who, whether they like it or not, will have the consequences.
Decision to Return
Many UNRWA critics seem to mistakenly believe that UNHCR does not recognize descendants of registered refugees as genuine refugees.The two organizations have the same definition – they support those who leave their countries for a reasoned life Fear of persecution, war or violence, and their descendants as long as this status persists.
The goal is for both agencies to repatriate refugees, integrate them into refugee countries, or relocate them to third countries
"You must decide," UNRWA spokesman Christopher Gunness said, "We can not tell you: you are now a citizen," as Jordan has explained to some 2 million Palestinians in that country , "You have to give up the right of return."
In addition, in Jordan are about 800.0 00 Palestinians registered as refugees in the West Bank, 1.3 million in Gaza, 534,000 in Syria and 464,000 in Lebanon. "You can not wish for 5.4 million people away," Gunness said. "There must be a settlement based on international law and international resolutions."
"The fact that a given Member State decides to hold back funds does not change our mandate," he said. "It just means we have less money to do it."
Following talks with Foreign Minister Mike Pompeo last week, Jordanian Foreign Minister Ayman Safadi has made a global appeal to others and launched a Twitter storm that "severely impacts" the failure to provide the necessary support to UNRWA.
Government officials doubt the fear of UNRWA, while UNRWA expresses the capacity of other countries.
At the same time, Haley said, "If there are certain things that are not conducive to our interests and the things we are fighting for, we will get rid of them."
Eglash reported from Jerusalem. Carol Morello contributed to this report.