President Trump announced a new radio spectrum auction on Friday designed to accelerate the introduction of the next generation of wireless communications networks, a technology that the administration considers crucial to an economic war with China.
Mr. Trump has already done so far. So far the question has remained silent as to whether the United States would issue an order prohibiting essentially Chinese companies like Huawei from establishing such networks.
On Friday, Ajit Pai, chairman of the Federal Communications Commission, announced the third and largest. Auctioning of frequencies that will be used by telecommunications companies to build fifth-generation (5G) networks that promise a significant speed increase in downloading data over cellular networks.
The Trump Administration sees this next generation of technology as critical to the ability of the United States to dominate the industries of the future and to strengthen their long-term economic prospects. It sees China's ability to control these networks as a national security threat because it could at least theoretically give Beijing access to the information that flows between them.
"Secure 5G networks will be absolutely necessary for the prosperity and national security of America's security in the 21st century," Trump said Friday.
However, Chinese telecommunications companies like Huawei are ready to dominate because they offer the cheapest, and what some European and Asian authorities see as the best equipment to provide the technical backbone of 5G networks There are no American providers of mainline networks, which means that the majority of American systems are built by companies such as Nokia and Ericsson
The government has long been considering an order that prohibits US telecommunications companies from using Huawei or other Chinese devices in the construction of 5G networks, but this executive order has not materialized, leaving many officials and executives in the field Industry believe that sic h withhold administration until the current trade negotiations with China are completed. Any move to exclude Chinese companies from the United States could upset the Chinese leadership.
It is possible that Trump will allow some Chinese people – despite national security concerns – to gain access to the US market to conclude a trade agreement with Xi Jinping, China's president.
Even without the ban, the Trump government has taken a hard road with its allies and told them that the construction and maintenance of 5G systems by Huawei, even if run by Western companies, gives Beijing an unrecognizable backdoor could be in wireless networks.
Fears are voiced that the Chinese government is in a position to absorb and copy data flowing over wireless networks, potentially jeopardizing this information and theoretically compromising trade secrets and military intelligence services. While many of these data are encrypted, control of the data by Chinese companies from Pentagon and the intelligence agencies is considered a major risk.
For Mr. Trump, however, 5G is an electoral issue as well as a security issue. Mr. Trump said in the White House, surrounded by employees of the wireless company wearing cowboy hats and hard hats, that the United States could not afford to be "outdone" in 5G networks.
"The race around 5G is a race in America has to win," said Mr. Trump. "It's a race our big companies are involved in. We gave them the incentive they need Race that we will win. "
The Trump government had considered a plan that would have created national 5G networks with federal money, Mr. Trump said on Friday that this approach had been rejected and that the Mr Trump did not mention China or Chinese companies like Huawei, although he said that 5G networks must be "guarded from the enemy – and we have enemies out there."
] Mr. Trump also repeatedly stated that he would extend broadband access to rural America, "No matter where you are, you'll have access to 5G very quickly, and it'll be a different life," said Trump.
Critic of the The government's statement, however, said the technology adopted by the United States was too focused on the high band spectrum that will make it difficult to provide 5G services in rural America.
Jessica Rosenworcel, Democratic candidate of the FCC, criticized the Trump government's 5G policy and said it had done "more harm than good." "
" From the imposition of duties on 5G equipment, alienation of the Allies in 5G security, to the relapse into the rest of the world in the critical mid-range spectrum, the US leadership still has a feasible plan  On Twitter
The United States has auctioned off other parts of the high band electromagnetic spectrum to companies that need to communicate with a new generation of mobile phones and devices for the Internet of Things. [19659002SomeexpertssayUnitedshouldfocusmoreonthedevelopmentofthemidrangeandnotthehighbandspectrumwithhigh-volumeallowingmoredatabutamuchshorterrangemeaningthatvendorsneedtobuildfarmore5Gtowersalsomeansthata5Gsystembasedonahighbandspectrumismoredifficulttobuildinruralareas Other parts of the world, especially in Asia, have focused their 5G development on the midband spectrum, which covers a larger area but less capacity.
"It's important that we focus on the middle band now because the rest of the world could leave us behind," said Ms. Rosenworcel in an interview. "This is the spectrum that most likely provides 5G services in rural areas of this country, and we need to think about investing now, not later."