After Trump's biggest pressure on Iran's campaign, it will disappoint hawks seeking to crack down on Tehran.
Secretary of State Mike Pompeo is expected to issue more exemptions this week International work on nuclear projects in Iran, as two sources familiar with the reflections prove: Some legislators have the government on the Abolition of derogations since Iran announced this earlier It violated the limits of uranium enrichment of the nuclear agreement.
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The lifting of the liberation would increase pressure on Tehran, which is already fueled by government-imposed economic sanctions, and supporters have argued that this is a measure of the president's commitment to maximum pressure policy is. But their elimination would also fuel tensions between the US and Iran – as well as with European nations – and possibly risk a military confrontation between the two countries.
"The lifting of selected exemptions from civilian nuclear cooperation is an important measure for both the government's nuclear policy and its commitment to the campaign against Iran," said Behnam ben Taleblu, a high-ranking employee of the Foundation for the Defense of Democracies. "There is little point in rewarding Iran with all these exemptions because it is involved in activities that clearly violate the JCPOA."
The likely move, when the next deadline ends on Thursday, follows a heated debate among high-ranking government officials and supporting legislators National security adviser John Bolton and his hill allies argued that the exemptions were over and Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin, the main proponent an extension for another round problem. At an Oval Office meeting in recent weeks, Trump instructed senior administrative officials to lift the exemptions, a US official with direct knowledge of the discussion said. In a subsequent meeting he supported Mnuchin, who pleaded for an extension of the exemptions, to Pompeo.
The debate itself reflects mixed signals from the government regarding its policy towards Iran, which has often switched between harsh rhetoric and diplomatic overtures. For example, in recent weeks, the president has allowed his isolated ally, Sen. Rand Paul, to meet with Iranian Foreign Minister Javad Zarif, and Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said he was ready to travel to Tehran. At the same time, Trump sent a different and more appealing message on Monday: "Remember, the Iranians never won a war, but never lost a deal!"
Pompeo in turn seems to be putting his faith in Iran's ban on Iranian oil imports to bring about change, said Conservative moderator Ben Shapiro last week, saying the government hopes that a drastic drop in oil revenues will return Iran force them to the negotiating table.
"We hope that Iran will see that the costs are too high, that the Iranian people are telling their leadership to change their behavior and that the Iranian leadership sees the risk for what interests them Those who remain in power are real and will come to the table, "said Pompeo.
A US State Department spokesman said the US State Department had nothing to report at this time.
The nuclear declarations are one of the last remnants of the 2015 nuclear compact, which encouraged international cooperation to promote Iran's civilian nuclear program. They have allowed a number of nations to work on projects in nuclear facilities across Iran.
While advocates of the nuclear agreement argued that the international nuclear projects they support provide better insight into Iranian nuclear activity, critics have argued that they have legitimized some of Iran's illegal activities. They have worked on the work in the Fordow and Arak plants, pointing out documents in the Iranian Iranian nuclear archive, which show that the Fordow plant was built specifically for nuclear weapons production and never had a civilian dimension. When Ali Akbar Salehi, the Iranian nuclear chief, announced that Iran had secretly imported a second set of parts for the Arak reactor, the critics called on the government to suspend the renunciation there to projects.
The US Department of State announced in May that the exemptions would be extended by 90 days instead of the previous 180 days. A statement said that the projects they support "curtail Iran's nuclear activities and contribute to sustaining them" have left the nuclear status quo in Iran. "
Earlier this month, a trio of Hawk-Republican Senators, Marco Rubio of Florida, Tom Cotton of Arkansas, and Ted Cruz of Texas, wrote a letter urging the president to end the exemptions in Iran's announcement that the uranium enrichment rate set by the deal was exceeded.
"The Iranians have now changed the nuclear status quo and are trying to create a new normal for minor offenses that will allow them to plunge into a nuclear weapon. We urge you to end these exemptions, "they wrote.
A group of 50 members of the GOP House, led by Rep. Liz Cheney (R-Wyo.), Repeated the three senators in a separate letter.
But even some who are pushing for an end to the exemptions recognize that this poses a real risk to a military escalation. "The government fears that an escalation of the military confrontation could occur if it reverses the suspension and triggers snapback," said Michael Doran, who wrote an essay in June calling for the end of government-wide suspensions.
However, Doran said: "The question is whether it is better for the US to start negotiations if the Iranian nuclear program is legitimate in the eyes of international law and has international partnerships with Europe, Russia and China. Or is it better to start if the program is illegitimate and has no partners? The latter is obviously preferable.