In reality, the National Guard is likely to do more construction than policing – and many of the immigrants may be looking for border guards instead of shunning them
Trump will not be the first president to deploy National Guard troops in support of border security. indeed, its two predecessors did – but it remains unclear what exactly they will do.
Contrary to the picture painted by Trump's portrayals of caravans of immigrants storming the border, the number of people who illegally crossed the border in the last fiscal year was about one third of what President George W. Bush in 2006 in the National Guard had demanded. And there are almost twice as many Border Patrol agents as there were back then.
Critics of the plan characterize it as a political trick, an effort to give the appearance of strong border security to reassure the president's frustration with the difficulties of getting his frontier wall and other aggressive immigration priorities through Congress.
Indeed, a multitude of legal restrictions on what troops can actually do at the border, coupled with historically low levels of illegal border crossings, leave more questions open than answers to what the troops at the border can actually do.
And so far, the Department of Homeland Security and the Administration have been slow to answer a lot of questions about how the mission will work ̵
The government has also avoided issues regarding restricting the military's ability to participate in law enforcement – lawyers are still investigating the problem
"President Trump continues to use every cynical political trick in this book to expose the immigrant To arouse passion, "said Democratic House Chair Nancy Pelosi in a statement. "Its unnecessary militarization of the border is purely politically motivated, not our national security."
The 6,000 soldiers Bush used and 1,200 deployed by President Barack Obama cost around $ 1.3 billion.
Restrictions on the Guard's Role
When Trump imagines armed troops welcoming would-be cross-border commuters, reality looks more like troops building roads and watching video feeds.
Former presidents have not tested these borders, and so the courts have not weighed, though the Trump administration has not yet explicitly answered whether it will prevent troops from complying with immigration compulsory requirements. During a telephone conversation with congressional staff following the announcement of Wednesday's deployment, an administration official said the issue was under investigation. In a conversation with reporters another official said that lawyers were investigating him.
"There are many different ways to use the National Guard and other state and federal resources lawfully and appropriately," said the official. "The troops dispatched by Bush and Obama supported Border Patrol – they carried out aerial missions, performing tasks that Border Patrol agents brought to the border and built.
The Department of Homeland Security has The government is still working on the details of what the National Guard is going to do with the governors of the border states, who will help with the way the operation works. Englisch: emagazine.credit-suisse.com/app/art … = 263 & lang = en.
Border Patrol Assistant Chief Carry Huffman told CNN in an interview that some of the duties that the Agency's National Guard forces would do include flying aerial missions, monitoring feeds, vehicle maintenance and construction projects such as construction and maintenance of access roads.
The goal is to "help us get more badges to the limit," Huffman said, "because there are jobs that our agents do, they watch surveillance cameras – they're very helpful with things like that." 19659002] The Department of Defense announced Thursday that National Guard's efforts for border security include "aviation, engineering, surveillance, communications, vehicle maintenance and logistics support," Pentagon spokeswoman Dana White said in a statement.
A Homeland Security Official These decisions are still being taken.
"We are still evaluating and discussing with the border states the missions that the Guardsmen will carry out in support of federal prosecution," the official said Thursday. "Decisions on equipment carried by guardsmen – including firearms – depend on their assigned missions, and will be carried out in collaboration with the Ministry of Defense and the Frontier Governors."
Border security in context
Huffman said there are "relative" trends in the number of border crossings, including an increasing proportion of families and children who have arrived at the US border in recent years, even though the total border crossings are historically low.
Although the numbers have recovered to coincide with the last In recent years, the number of transitions in the 2017 financial year has been almost five decades.
Last fall, a Department of Homeland Security report concluded, "The southwestern border is now more illegal than ever."
In the 2017 fiscal year, there were nearly 300,000 arrests at the southern border and just under 19,500 border police agents
The caravan to which Trump referred – an annual event designed to draw attention to the miseries of migrants – was a group of about 1,000 migrants who made their way through Mexico, many with the intention of reaching border officials and asking for asylum.
In fact, many of the immigrants trying to cross the border either arrive or arrive at a port of entry because they can begin claiming that they have a right to protection from persecution in their home country in the US [TheriseoffamiliesandchildrenwhomHuffmanquoteshasalsooccurredwithanincreaseinthenumberofwhatcustomsandborderpatrolscall"inadmissible"-peoplewhoarriveatalegalbordercrossingbuthavenoauthorizationintheUSA
The government complains that because of the laws against trafficking in human beings and court judgments, they must spend resources on these vulnerable groups differently and release them quickly from the detention centers, whereupon they can wait in the US for a court date to be years in the future ,
But it is unclear whether the National Guard would play a role in this process.
"Until we are able to claim that we have full operational control of the border, I think it's always necessary to increase what we do," Huffman said of the deployment.
CNN's Catherine Shoichet contributed to this report.