Type 2 diabetes means that a person's pancreas does not produce enough insulin to control blood sugar levels.
Over time, an undetected blood sugar level can pose serious health risks such as an increased risk of heart disease and strokes.  It goes without saying that reducing certain sugary foods and drinks can help keep blood sugar levels at bay.
Surprisingly, research has found that on-screen hours on the phone or tablet can also lead to increased sugar consumption
Teams from the University of Strasbourg and the University of Amsterdam investigated the effects of blue light – the light generated by appliances – and his Effects on blood sugar regulation.
As Diabetes.co.uk reported, artificial light has previously been associated with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes and other health disorders that are thought to be due to disrupting the circadian rhythm of the body.
The study included exposure of male rats to one hour of blue light in the evening, then measuring food consumption and glucose tolerance the next day.
The rats used in the study were diurnal, ie they were awake during the day and slept at night.
The next day, the animals were given the opportunity to choose from balanced diet (standard rodent feed), water, lard and sugar water.
The researchers found that one hour of blue light was enough time for the rats to drink more sugar water at night compared to the nights when they were not exposed to blue light.
The researchers explained that this association could exist because the retina is sensitive to the light being left out of devices, and sends information to the part of the brain that controls the appetite.
These results suggest that people who use phones, tablets, and laptops at night are more susceptible to sugary snacks. Sitting in front of monitors at night is the best way to protect us from the harmful effects of blue light.
"If it is necessary to be exposed to devices at night, I would recommend the use of apps and night mode features on the devices that make the screens more orange and less blue, or the use of blue light goggles already on the device
According to Diabetes.co.uk, alcohol consumption can also affect the blood sugar levels up to several hours after stopping the drink.
Other factors that may affect blood sugar regulation:
- Proteins affect sugar levels and carbohydrates, but to a lesser extent and slower than carbohydrates.
- Stress and illness can also significantly affect blood sugar levels.
According to NHS, physical activity is an effective means of lowering blood sugar levels.
"You should aim for 2.5 hours of weekly activity," the health body advised.
It added, "You can be active anywhere as long as you are out of breath through your work."
This could be:
- Fast Walking
- Stair Climbing
- Heavier Housekeeping or Gardening [1