(UNITED NATIONS) – Secretary General Antonio Guterres on Tuesday demanded responsibility for the "terrible persecution" of Rohingya Muslims in Myanmar, and Sweden and the Netherlands urged the Security Council to refer the crimes to the International Criminal Court. China, which is closely linked to the government of Myanmar, said the international community should cease putting pressure on Myanmar and have its government carry out the repatriation of Rohingya refugees to Bangladesh as soon as possible, killing nearly one million people ] The Council commemorating the one-year anniversary of Myanmar's recent violent crackdown, which led to around 700,000 Rohingya refugees, reflected the deep divisions in the Rohingya crisis.
There followed a report by UN Human Rights investigators Monday calling for Myanmar's military leaders to be prosecuted for genocide against the ethnic minority Rohingya
T The Rohingya have long been treated as outsiders in Myanmar's Buddhist majority, although their families have lived in the country for generations. Almost all Rohingya have been denied citizenship since 1
The latest crisis began in August with attacks by a Rohingya underground group on Burmese security forces in the August Rakhine state. Myanmar's military responded with counterinsurgency actions and was charged with widespread human rights violations, including rape, murder, torture and the burning of Rohingya homes and villages.
Guterres, who described the Rohingya crisis as "ethnic cleansing," told the council findings and recommendations of UN investigators "deserve serious consideration from all relevant United Nations bodies."
"Effective international cooperation will be crucial in ensuring that accountability mechanisms are credible, transparent, impartial, independent and consistent with Myanmar's obligations under international law." He said.
Sweden's Vice-UN Ambassador Carl Skau went on to say "the severity of the Burmese security atrocities" reinforced his country's demand to refer the Rohingya situation to the ICC, the permanent war crimes of the world (19659002) " We believe it is time to move forward, and we need t. I am advising a council resolution on this issue, "he said.
Myanmar's UN Ambassador U Hau Do Suan said the government refused to cooperate with the fact-finding mission because of concerns over its "impartiality." The publication of the report on the eve of the council meeting raises serious questions about objectivity "Impartiality and sincerity."
Suan said that attacks by a Rohingya "religious-extremist terrorist group" have triggered "predictable and logical responses from Myanmar security forces to protect the lives and property of every citizen, leading to a subsequent mass displacement of people."  The government has set up an independent commission of inquiry into human rights violations, which will present a report on human rights within a year of its investigation, he said. It is headed by former Philippine Deputy Foreign Minister Rosario Manalo, an expert on women's rights, and includes former Ambassador of Japan Kenzo Oshima and two Burmese members.
China's deputy UN ambassador Wu Haitao told the council, Myanmar and Bangladesh should "bilk the Rakhine problem" bilaterally, and the priority now is to repatriate the Rohingyas as soon as possible.
"There should be no precondition," he said. "Issues such as free movement and citizenship should be progressively resolved during the return process."
Wu said the international community should focus on the fight against poverty in Rakhine, "continue to be patient" and promote dialogue between Myanmar and Bangladesh. 19659002] Russia's UN Ambassador Vasili Nebenzia called for "a balanced and non-confrontational approach", said that the "deep problems" in Rakhine should be solved by "peaceful and diplomatic means" and expressed the hope that all parties will act cautiously , However, Bangladesh's UN ambassador Masud Bin Momen said every week that there was new evidence of the Rohingya's "persecution and dehumanization" and urged the Security Council to respond to the emerging evidence of "atrocity crimes" against them.
While Bangladesh prepares for the repatriation of the Rohingya, he emphasized that this could only begin if they had at least guarantees of their safety. They and their safety can return home, enjoy freedom of movement, and have the opportunity to work and finding a clear path to their legitimate demand for citizenship in Myanmar.
British Minister of State Lord Tariq Ahmad later led the meeting, saying that many countries supported this view, adding that there was a renewed commitment to support Bangladesh and find a political solution to the Rohingya problem.
"We need to do a lot of accountability and we need to bring to justice those who have committed these crimes," Ahmad said, "a positive step forward" has been taken since August 2017 with the signing of a memorandum between the UN and Myanmar's government, whose relations were "very deep".