LONDON – After 11 male statues – mostly of white middle-aged men and aristocratic ancestors – and nearly 200 years ago, the first female figure was unveiled on Tuesday at historic London's Parliament Square, the site of the British establishment. [196592002HundertevonMenschendarunterPremierministerinTheresaMaynahmenanderEnthüllungderStatueteilaufderMillicentFawcettabgebildetisteinheuterelativunbekannterHeldderfeministischenBewegungdieKampagnenfürdasFrauenwahlrechtführteDieBronzestatuedieeineFraumittlerenAltersFawcettmiteinemTransparentmitderAufschrift"CourageCallstoCourageEverywhere"zeigtwurdeteilweiseinstalliertumdenhundertstenJahrestagdesFrauenwahlrechtsinGroßbritannienindiesemJahrzufeiern
Great People in Parliament Square, and when you realize that none of them is a woman, the question arises, "said the Mayor of London, Sadiq Khan, whose office last year after An Online Petition for Installation Was Right A statue received tens of thousands of signatures. "Are we saying there have not been any incredible women in the past? That our country was not built on the backs of tall women? "
The petition was launched by Caroline Criado-Perez, a freelance writer who successfully campaigned for a picture of Jane Austen on the British ten-pound campaign, an effort that quickly made her the target of Making Online Abuse Gillian Wearing, a Turner Award winner, created the Fawcett statue and became the first woman responsible for a statue in Parliament Square.
Ms. Fawcett contrasted her hair with a hair wreath and a nondescript coat some of their male counterparts on the field, former prime ministers like Benjamin Disraeli and David Lloyd George, presented with outstretched hands or flowing robes The square also features the squatting figure of Winston Churchill, as well as Abraham Lincoln, Mahatma Gandhi and Nelson Mandela first statue of George Canning, another Prime Minister, was unveiled in 1
Ms. Criado-Pere Z said it was important that Fawcett be portrayed at 50 when she became the leader of the National Union of Women's Suffrage Societies, the most important suffragist organization in Britain and a largely peaceful movement, in contrast to the more militant suffragettes. 19659002] "I did not want her to be sexualized there, but to be statesmanlike," said Ms Criado-Perez.
Women celebrated the Fawcett statue, but questioned how much change represented.
"A sea of men, it's a woman who stands for all of us," said Electra Bove, a travel agency that led a group of Italian high school students around the square. "This is just a gesture of no real importance, it's more of a sign, but it's still nice."
Britain does not struggle alone with issues such as gender pay and sexual harassment. In the latest equality table of the European Union, the United Kingdom has made virtually no progress in reducing inequality in terms of jobs, income, political commitment or education over the last ten years, but has lagged behind France and the Scandinavian countries.
Still Eibhlin Savage worked in Holloway Prison, where hundreds of suffrage activists were imprisoned in the early 20th century, saying the Fawcett statue was a powerful reminder of the work that still needed to be done. "It just shows how far we still have to go," she said. "We can not take our rights for granted, they are not given to us on a silver platter."
Woman. Savage and others noted that women were largely omitted in the version of the story they were taught. Roxie Andrew, 29, admitted that she had not heard anything from Mrs. Fawcett until the statue was revealed. "I just found out about her," she said, scrolling through her smartphone. "It's very inspiring and privileged to see this here and have a strong figure to look up to, I hope it encourages women to follow their careers."
There was disagreement over who had the honor should be the first woman in the square. Some activists argued that Emmeline Pankhurst, who split from Ms. Fawcett's organization, formed a more militant group – the Women's Social and Political Union, which initially received the mocking nickname Suffragetten – and is better known today.
The British suffragist movement emerged in the late 19th century, when parliament extended the right to vote to an increasing proportion of men while continuing to deny women. Founded in 1897, the National Union of Women's Choice Societies, which consisted primarily of middle-class women, eventually became the largest constituency with 50,000 members.
Born in 1847, Ms. Fawcett helped set up Newnham College, the second college at Cambridge University. to take in women. It also supported other causes such as the abolition of the slave trade and led an investigation of British concentration camps in South Africa during the Boer War, camps in which tens of thousands of Africans and black South Africans starved to death.
Fawcett died in 1929, a year after women in Britain equally agreed with the men.