The UN says it has been alarmed by reports of the mass arrests of Uighurs in China and calls for the release of those who have a "pretext" to fight terrorism.
It comes after a UN committee hears reports that up to a million Muslim Uighurs have been detained in reeducation camps in Xinjiang.
Beijing has rejected the allegations, but admitted that some religious extremists are being arrested for reeducation.
China accuses militant Islamists and separatists of rioting in the province.
During a review earlier this month, members of the UN Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination said credible reports that Beijing had "transformed the autonomous region of the Uighurs into a new one that resembles a massive internment camp."
China replied that Uighurs enjoyed full rights, but Beijing made a rare admission that "those who were deceived by religious extremism are supported by relocation and reeducation."
- Beijing denies the arrest of one million Uighurs
Xinjiang has had occasional casualties for years Violent acts ̵
What do the UN say?
The UN Commission published its concluding remarks on Thursday criticizing the "broad definition of terrorism" and vague references to extremism and unclear definition of separatism in Chinese legislation. "
The Committee called on Beijing to:
- End the practice of detention without legal charge, trial and conviction;
- Immediately release those currently detained under these circumstances;
- Give the number of detained persons reasons for their detention;
- Behavior "impartial investigation of all allegations of racist, ethnic and ethno-religious profiling"
What is accused of China?
Human rights groups such as Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch have submitted reports to the UN Committee on mass punishment in camps where inmates Loyalty to China's President Xi Jinping swearing
The World Uyghur Congress said in its report that prisoners are indefinitely detained without charge and shouted into shouting Communist Party slogans
They said they were malnourished and reports of torture were widespread ,
Most inmates were never charged with a crime and have no legal representation.
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The recent UN statement comes under growing religious tensions in other parts of China.
Hundreds of Muslims in Ningxia's northwestern region have engaged in a stalemate to prevent the demolition of their mosque.
Who are the Uighurs?
The Uighurs are a Muslim minority that lives mainly in the Chinese province of Xinjiang. They make up about 45% of the local population.
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- Profile: What is Xinjiang?
Xinjiang is officially designated as an autonomous region in China, as is Tibet in the south.
Reports that more and more Uyghurs and other Muslim minorities are cursing the detention in Xinjiang for several months
China is supposed to carry out the arrests under the guise of combating religious extremism.